Earthquake Preparedness Guide | Tips | checklist | Plan | kit
The main or primary danger which may occur is to the following reasons:
They may get stuck by components or furnishings, the material stored are not secure, they may suffer due to gas leaks and get burning injuries or may suffer due to electrical shorts. Sometimes the chemicals are quite harmful and may harm workers. Many earthquakes are identified and may be reduced by planning, identification.
Many things can be done to prepare your workplace prior to earthquakes:
Look for a safer place in the house or outside and hide for your safety during earthquake shakes. One can hide under table or desk or lay down under bed or open space in house away from any glass furniture’s or wooden planks, book shelves or heavy electronic objects. Movement of an individual should be less than ten feet has to cause less injury during earthquakes.
Practice is must , it will help you come out of certain shocks of earthquake , practice how to lay down quickly on floor, how to hold on to something hard which stops your body to shake, holding on to table or desk. How to protect you from head injury, and protect your eyes. The reaction should happen automatically when you feel earthquakes. Practice makes a man perfect, so as per the saying goes practice more and make yourself well equipped with the circumstances. Don not panic at time of earthquakes, stay calm and follow the necessary measures which you have practiced to protect yourself. Do not hesitate, remember all the practice you did to safe guard yourself.
Practice these safe Earthquake Preparedness procedures (i.e., drop, cover, and hold-on) at least twice a year. Frequent practice will help reinforce safe behavior. When an earthquake or other disaster occurs, many people hesitate, trying to remember what they are supposed to do. Responding quickly and automatically may help protect you from injury.
Make a plan for workers to follow in the event of an earthquake and be sure that it includes the following precautions:
Earthquake Preparedness Training and Exercises
Proper training should be given for evacuation and practice drills should take place.
- Ensure all the workers know what should be done at the time of earthquakes.
- More practice and practice is required and evacuation plan has to be implemented at time of earthquakes on regular basis.
- Update all the plans and procedures which have to be followed.
The training program for workers named as OSHA’s Disaster Site Worker Outreach Earthquake Training Program is very famous as it highlights the main difference between construction sites and disaster sites , it also lays emphasis on the requirement of workers and employers to provide them pre incident training . It’s a program for workers who provide skilled support services for example demolition, debris removal, heavy equipment operation and much more for the workers to prepare and get trained.
We also come to know about another annual earthquake drill which is supported by FEMA, the US Geological Society (USGS), It’s the National Science Foundation and others. Organizations can also get registered for free and participate. For Businesses Shake out provides an earthquake Drill Manual which has lessons to learn for employers as well as workers.
Develop an Emergency Action Plan : Earthquake Evacuation
Earthquake Evacuation which is not organized or planned can be a big failure. It causes more confusion and injuries. Ones property can also get damaged. One needs to take care of this and plan emergency exit but it should be well planned and tested for .
When to evacuate during earthquake:
When authorities ask you to evacuate by setting alarms, reaching out to safer location before an event happens, when you see that the environmental conditions are not suitable for you, than in that case you should Evacuate Earthquake immediately.
Evacuation plans should include:
Evacuation would be necessary under the given conditions:
- While sheltering in place can be a better alternative.
- One should have a clear chain of command and have a proper designation in workplace authorized to order an evacuation, without which it should not happen.
- Specific evacuation procedures, including routes and exits should be planned
- Specific procedures for employers and workers should be designed in high-rise buildings if possible.
- Methods for assisting visitors and workers in evacuating, particularly those with certain disabilities or who are unable to speak English.
- Special equipment for workers, having protective equipment and other respiratory protection is required.