Earthquake News http://www.earthquakenewz.com Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:57:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.7.5 San Francisco Earthquake – October 17, 1989 WNBChttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/san-francisco-earthquake-october-17-1989-wnbc-3.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:57:47 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3515 AWARE OF IT WHEN WE WERE WATCHING ABCCOVERAGE OF WHAT WAS TO BE THE THIRD GAME OF THE WORLD SERIES. >> ALLOWING JOSE TO ■SCORE AND HE FAILS TO GET DAIF PARKER AT SECOND BASE THE OAKLAND A'S TAKE. >> WE WERE TOLD BY ■SOMEE WHO WAS ONH■ ■■■SCENE. ■■ YOU CAN SEE THEY ■DIDN'T HAVE A CLUE >> YOU'RE SEEING A CAR THAT ■rTHIS ■50 FOOT GAP IN THE Y ■BRIDGE. IT HAS BEEN...

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AWARE OF IT WHEN WE WERE WATCHING ABCCOVERAGE OF WHAT WAS TO BE THE THIRD GAME OF THE WORLD SERIES.

>> ALLOWING JOSE TO ■SCORE AND HE FAILS TO GET DAIF PARKER AT SECOND BASE THE OAKLAND A'S TAKE.

>> WE WERE TOLD BY ■SOMEE WHO WAS ONH■ ■■■SCENE.

■■ YOU CAN SEE THEY ■DIDN'T HAVE A CLUE >> YOU'RE SEEING A CAR THAT ■rTHIS ■50 FOOT GAP IN THE Y ■BRIDGE.

IT HAS BEEN LIKE A DRAMA HERE.

IT HAS BING -LING AND THESE FOLKS ARE JUST GETTING ■RESCUED.

P■ IT'S TAKEN AN HOUR.

AS YOU CAN SEE JUST BELOW ME IS WHERE THIS CRACK IN THE BRIDGE OCCURRED.

A 50 FOOT SECTION.

YOU SEE BELOW THE TWO CARS THAT WERE ON THE UPPER DECK WHEN THE BRIDGE COLLAPSED.

THEY FELL BELOW.

WE UNDERSTAND THE PEOPLE IN BOTH OF THOSE CARS DID GET OUT SAFLY.

WE DO NOT KNOW THE EXTENT OF INJURIES AT ■THISPOINT.

>> ■AGN YOU SEE ■■THE MARIE NA DISTRICT THE DIVISIDERO AREA WHERE THESE VERY EXPENSIVE BUILDINGS HAVE COLLAPSED AND THE FIRE CONTINUES AS SAN FRANCISCO FIRE DEPARTMENT TRNG T■ FIGHT ■■IT.

THIS WAS A FOUR STO■Y BUILDING AND THAT'S THE KIND OF PROBLEM THEY ARE TRYING TO VAK WAIT PEOPLE WHO MAY HAVE BEEN INSIDE.

A LOT OF PEOPLE AT HOME AT THAT IME.

AS THE ■EARTHQUAKE STRUCK ■■ ■5:05 THIS AFTERNOON IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

WE HAVE ANOTHER UNIRBL WORD THAT 7 PEOPLE HAVE ED IN THIS CRASH INCLUDING THE ONE IN THIS QUAKE RATHER INCLUDING THE ONE WHEN A WHOLE BUILDING COLLAPSED ON THE PEOPLE IN AUTOMOBILES.

-6> THERE IS PERHAPS ONE OTHER DEATH ON E BAY BRIDGE.

GETTING PEOPLE OUT OF THE HOMES, SOME INJURES AN PERHAPS JUST PANIC AS WELL.

THIS, ■IF IT INDEEIS E BIG ONE THAT WE HEARD SO MUCH ABOUT, PEOPLE TRYING TO DO WHATEVER THEY CAN TO STOP THE FIRE.

BUT PART OF THE PROBLEM IS THIS — >> PREPARE FOR AFT SHOCKS.

PREFAIR FOR THREE DAYS OF NO SFSS YOU HAVE 90 MINUTES OF LIGHT LEFT.

MAKE USE OF YOUR TIME.

>> THIS WT HAWH THE QUAKE H BUG LAR ALARPS WERE SET OFF.

POWER LINES WERE SWAYING.

>> EVERY INSTARTED SHAKING.

IT IS A PLASTER BUILDING AND JUST WHOLE SHEETS OF PLASTER WERE COMING OFF THE CEILINGS.

>> THE PIPES AND RUBBLE FROM THE BOILER FELL OVER.

SO WE HAD TO CRAWL OVER.

I HAD THE BABY SO ■WE COULD CRAWL OVER AND HAND THE BABEY FROM ONE TO THE OTHER SO WE COULD CRAWL OVER THE OTHER DEBRIS IN BACK.

■ >> Y CAN SEE THESE CARS THAT WERE ■SKWARBED ALMOST FLAT.

THESE ■■RTUNATE PEOPLE WE JUST LEAVING WORK.

THEY WERE GETTING INTO THEIR CARS.

THE QUAKE HIT.

THE QUAKE AND THEN THE BRICK CAME DOWN.

THEY DIDN'T HAVE A CHANCE.

THE BEST ESTIMATE IS THAT 4 PEOPLE ARE DEAD.

>> WHAT YOU SEE IS A CAR ■ CRUSHED AND BURNING.

AS THE ROAD BUCKLED.

THE UPPER LEVEL OF 880 COLLAPSEED ON THE LOWER.

>> THERE IS A SECTION HERE FROM 18TH STREET ALL THE WAY UP TO 32ND STREET.

THIS SECTI OF THE NIMITZ.

THE UPPER FREEWAY ■■AMP COLLAPSEED ON THLOWER FREEWAY RAMP AND CRUSHED ALL THE RUSH HOUR COMMUTERS AN TRAFFIC IN BETWEEN.

IT'S UNBELIEVABLE.

14 CITY BLOCKS OF IT.

WE MAD SOME RESCUE WORKERS HERE DESCRIBING THINGS THEY SAW AND CLIMBING UP THERE AND TRYING TO RESCUE ONE DESCRIION WAS THAT THEY WERE ■WALKING, WOUNDED ON TOP.

THEY WERE TAKEN AWAY.

BUT THERE WAS AN 8TH PASSENGER VAN THAT THEY SAW VAND WITCHED ONLY ABOUT 2 OR 3 FEET HIGH.

THEY ARE PULLING BODIES OUT FROM UNDERNEATH THIS LOW RAMP.

THERE WERE JUST SOME INJURES ON THE UPPER RAMP BUT THOSE ON THE LOIER RAMP, THERE ARE A LOT OF TALITIES.

ANSWERING SERVICES ARE ASKING ALL DOCTORS, MEDICAL PEOPLE CALL YOUR ANSWERING SERVICES.

>> THEY EVACUATED SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 15,000 AND 25,000 PEOPLE FROM THIS AIRPORT TONIGHT WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HIT.

>> 85,000 CUSTOMERS ARE WITHOUT POWER JUST IN THE CENTRAL SAN JOSE AREA.

HIGHWAY 17.

HAMILTON AND THE EAST FOOT HILLS.

>> MOST OF THE PEOPLE HERE ARE SAYING THAT THEY WILL TOUGH IT OUT THROUGH THE NIGHT.

THEY HAVE NO PLACE ELSE TO GO.

AT LEAST AS I SAID THERE IS FOOD HERE.

THERE IS WATER.

THEY FEEL SAFE.

>> I AM GOING THE FIND EVERY PHONE BOOK THROUGHOUT THE BAY AREA AND THERE ■ARE VALUABLE TIPS AFTER A EARTHQUAKE HITS.

IT IS VERY EASY TO FIND ON WHAT TO DO.

OF COURSE THE MOST IMPORTANT THING — >> THAT IS GOING TO BE THE MOST READ.

TRAGICALLY A BAD DAY FOR CALIFORNIA.

ABC ■■■■NEWS WILL KEEP YOU TO DATE ON DEVELOPMENTS ON THE EARTH QUAKE AND THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT AS WARRANTED WE'LL BE HERE.

ON "WORLD NEWS THIS MORNING" WE'LL BE HERE AND GOOD MORNING AMERICA AND A COME PLET WRAP UP ON "WORLD NEWS TONIGHT" WITH PETER JENNINGS.

THAT'S OUR REPORT FOR TONIGHT.

I'M TED KOPPEL IN WASHINGTON.

FOR ALL OF US HERE AT ABC NEWS, GOOD NIGHT.

■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■ ONE OF THESE DAYS SOMEONE'S GOING TO ASK YOUTO DO SOMETHING YOU REALLY DON'T WANT TO DO.

AND SOME OF YOUARE GONNA DO IT.

COULD BE ABOUT DRUGSOR SEX OR DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL BUT YOU'LL DO IT.

BECAUSE YOU'RE AFRAIDOF GETTING PUT DOWN.

ISN'T IT DB TO DO SOMETHINGSO THAT SOMEONE WILL LIKE YOU WHEN YOU END UPHURTING YOURSELF AND HATING YOURSELFFOR DOING IT? THE MORE YOU KNOW THE MORE YOU'LL LEARNTOAYO.

JUST A FRACTION OF WHAT WE SPEND DINING OUT FO.

COULD HELP PICK UP THE TAB A SMALL PART OF WHAT WE SPEND ON SPORTS COULD HELP KEEP OUR COMMUNITY IN SHAPE.

OR SOME OF OUR TIME ON THE PHONE OBLEMS.

WON'T YOU GET INVOLVED? BY GIVING FIVE PERCENT AND VOLUNTEERING FIVE HOURS PER WEEK■ YOU COULD REALLY HELP YOUR COMMUNITY.

THIS YEAR, MAKE IT YOUR GOAL TO GIVE FIVE.

I DON'T UNDERSTAND KIDS.

ALWAYS TALKING ABOUTBEING BORED.

NOTHING TO DO, NOTHING ON TV.

WHEN THE ANSWER IS RIGHTUNDER YOUR NOSE.

BOOKS! WITH BOOKS YOU GET ADVENTURE, DANGERMYSTERY, ROMANCE, EXCITEMENT.

ANY TIME YOU WANT IT.

THE MORE YOU READ,THE MORE YOU KNOW.

AND THE MORE YOU KNOW THE LESS BOREDYOU'RE GOING TO BE.

SO STOP COMPLAININGABOUT BEING BORED ALL THE TIME AND DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

READ! NBC >> THERE WAS ALSO DAMAGE IN SANTA CRUZ, A BUILDING WAS DAMAGED THERE.

6 DEAD IS THE SANTA CRUZ ESTIMATE AT THIS HOUR AS FAR AS WE KNOW WHEN THE BUILDING COLLAPSED THERE.

T■E DAMAGE IS WIDESPREAD.

THE ASSESSMENT WILL BE A LONG TIME BEFORE WE KNOW JUST HOW MUCH IT IS.

ROADS THROUGHOUT THE BAY AREA INCLUDING THE SUMMIT ROAD FROM SAN JOSE, TO SANTA CRUZ STILL CLOSED BECAUSE OF A MASSIVE ROCK SLIDE AND , CUTTING OFF SANTA CRUZ AS IT'S PRIMARY ACCESS ROUTE.

THIS IS HIGHLAND HOSPITAL.

THEY HAD TO OVERCOME SOME GREAT ADVERSITY WHEN THEY LOST POWER.

THEY HAD TO SET UP THEIR TRIAGE IN THE PARKING LOT.

>> WE HAVE CARL SANKIN ■■ON ON THE PHONE, HE IS REPORTING FROM SANTA CRUZ, AT THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

THERE HAVE BEEN SOME FATALITIES THERE.

CARL, WHAT CAN YOU TELL US? >> SANTA CRUZ IS VIRTUALLY BLACKED OUT TONIGHT.

IT WAS THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

THERE ARE 6 DEAD.

THE NUMBER COULD GO UP TO 14.

IT COULD GO UP TO 14 BY TOMORROW WHEN FIRST LIGHT AND RESCUE EFFORTS RESUME.

THAT IS THE POSSIBLE NUMBER BEING TALKED ABOUT BY OFFICIALS.

THE POSSIBILITY OF 14 DEAD AT THIS POINT.

SANTA CRUZ'S MAIN SHOPPING MALL DOWNTOWN, THE PACIFIC GARDEN MALL, VIRTUALLY SHATTERED.

SEVERAL OF THE BUILDINGS CRUMBLED.

SEVERAL OF THE BUILDINGS LEANING PRECARIOUSLY.

OTHERS HAVE LOST GLASS AND BRICK.

OTHER BUILDING APPURTANANCES.

SOME OF THE BEACH HOMES WERE DAMAGED.

HERE IN SANTA CRUZ.

RIGHT NOW WE JUST GOT HERE AFTER TAKING A LONG, LONG DETOUR ALONG THE SUMMIT, WE'VE BEEN TRAVELING ABOUT 2 HOURS OVER BACK ROADS ON HIGHWAY 17, WHICH IS BLOCKED.

WE WILL HAVE MORE FROM YOU IN A LITTLE WHILE OUT OF SANTA CRUZ.

MEANWHILE THIS COMMUNITY VERY HARD HIT.

ONE ESTIMATE OF DAMAGE WE HEARD TALKED ABOUT 35O MILLION DOLLARS IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY ALONE.

CARL SONKIN REPORTING.

>> BEFORE WE LET YOU GO, DID YOU ■GET ANY INFORMATIO AS FAR AS THE HILLSIDES IN SAN FRANCISCO, WHERE THERE WERE HOMES AND SLIDES UP IN THAT AREA, WERE U ABLE TO FIND OUT ANYTHING IN THAT REGARD? >> BASICALLY EARLIER ON THE EVENING THERE WERE FIRES IN THE SANTA CRUZ MOUNTAINS WEST OF SAN JOSE.

THERE WERE FIRES UP AROUND SUMMIT AND SKYLINE WE KNOW ABOUT.

AND THERE WERE SOME EARTH SLIDES UP THERE.

WE DROVE THROUGH ONE.

WE TOOK PICTURES OF ROADS THAT HAD BEEN VIRTUALLY CUT IN HALF AS THOUGH THE FAULT LINE HAD GONE RIGHT THROUGH HER AND POSSIBLY SEEN PICTURES OF HEAVY BOULDERS FOR THE SUMMIT OF HIGHWAY 17.

THOSE ROCK SLIDES WERE JUST PART OF WHAT HAPPENED.

>> CARL, CAN YOU GIVE US A SENSE OF HOW THE PEOPLE IN SANTA CRUZ ARE TAKING ALL OF THIS? >> WELL, WITH SOME LITTLE TIME WE SPENT HERE, AS I SAID WE JUST ARRIVED AFTER A LONG SERIES OF DETOURS, FROM WHAT LITTLE WE'VE SEEN, PEOPLE ARE WALKING AROUND DAZED.

THERE ARE PEOPLE IN SANTA CRUZ.

MOST OF THE RESIDENTS HAVE GONE OFF TO SLEEP AT THIS POINT.

IT'S HARD TO ASSESS EXACTLY THE REACTION RIGHT NOW.

I'M CERTAIN ONE OF SHOCK AND FEAR OBVIOUSLY.

>> THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

REPORTING TO US FROM SANTA CRUZ AT THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTH WAKE.

HE'S TELLING US THE EARLIER DEATH TOLL THAT WE GOT WAS 6.

THEY FEAR IT COULD GO UP TO 14.

DEPEND THAT'S IN SANTA CRUZ.

>> THIS IS INTERESTING — >> YOU'VE BEEN WATCHING COVERAGE THERE FROM OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO, KRON COVERAGE OF THE AFTERMATH OF THE TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE THAT HIT SOME 9 HOURS AGO IN THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND AREA IN THE CENTER OF IT IN SANTA CRUZ ABOUT 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

AGAIN FOR THOSE OF YOU JUST GETTING UP AND LEARNING OF THIS, 25O PEOPLE ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE DIED, 500 INJURED.

DAMAGE PUT AT 1 BILLION DOLLARS.

THAT IS APT TO GO HIGHER.

TH'RE ESTIMATING DAMAGE IN THE SANTA CRUZ ■AREA IN THAT BEACH FRONT AREA SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO AT 35O MILLION DOLLARS.

THE WORST DAMAGE WAS IN SAN FRANCISCO ITSELF TO THE OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE TO A FREEWAY A SECTION OF INTERSTATE 880 THAT COLLAPSED KILLING A NUMBER OF PEOPLE.

GEORGE LEWIS NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT IS AT THAT LOCATION.

GEORGE, IF YOU'RE THERE WHAT CAN YOU TELL US.

>> GOOD MORNING, JOHN, I'M STANDING IN FRONT OF THE COLLAPSED SECTION OF THE FREEWAY.

IT'S KNOWN AS THE CYPRUS SECTION OF THE 880 FREEY.

IT GOES EAST FROTHE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE BYPASSING OAKLAND.

IT'S A 2 LEVEL STRUCTURE, THE TOP LEVEL GOING ONE DIRECTION THE BOTTOM LEVEL GOING IN ANOTHER.

AT THE TIME OF THE EARTHQUAKE IT WAS A LITTLE AFTER 5 O'CLOCK IN THE EVENING.

HEAVY RUSH HOUR.

PEOPLE TRYING TO GET HOME TO CATCH THE WORLD SERIES ON TELEVISION.

THE 2 SECTIONS OF THE FREEWAY PAN CAKED INTO EACH OTHER.

POLICE AT THE SCENE KNEW OF 6 PEOPLE DEAD IMMEDIATELY.

THEY FEAR AS MANY AS A HUNDRED OR MORE MAY BE DEAD TRAPPED INSIDE THE 2 LEVELS OF THE BRIDGE.

IT'S HARD TO TELL AT THIS POINT HOW MANY CASUALTIES THERE ARE, BECAUSE IT'S DIFFICULT TO PIER IN THROUGH THE CONCRETE RUBBLE.

POLICE WILL HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL DAY BREAK TO COMPLETE THE JOB OF ASSESSING HOW MANY PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE BEEN TRAPED IN THAT COLLAPSED STRUCTURE.

>> GEORGE, AS YOU WERE GIVING YOUR REPORT THERE WE WERE LOOKING AT SOME VIDEOTAPE FROM THE AREA.

IT SEEMS AS THOUGH IT'S A VERY DIFFICULT RESCUE OPERATION TO GET UP THERE TO TRY TO GET TO THOSE PEOPLE? >> DIFFICULT AND HIGHLY DANGEROUS, JOHN, BECAUSE OF THE FEAR OF AFTER SHOCKS FROM THE EARTHQUAKE THAT COULD FURTHER TOPPLE THE STRUCTURE SO THAT RESCUE WORKERS ON TOP OF THE FREEWAY ARE PUTTING THEIR OWN LIVES AT RISK AS TH TRY TO SEE IF ANYBODY ELSE IS ALIVE.

THEY'VE HEARD NO CRIES FOR HELP FROM THE STRUCTURE THIS EVENING.

THEY ARE USING DOGS TO TRY TO SEE IF THEY CAN FIND ANYMORE PEOPLE IN THERE.

BUT IT'S A PRETTY GRIM SE■■ HERE RIGHT NOW.

>> GEORGE, WHERE WERE YOU 9 HOURS AND ABOUT 5 MINUTES AGO WHEN THIS QUAKE HIT? >> COINS NTLY I WAS IN OUR NEWSROOM IN BURBANK CALIFORNIA, WE WERE DISCUSSING UPDATING OUR EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS PLAN FOR NBC NEWS ON THE WEST COAST.

AND I WAS SITTING IN THE NEWSROOM AT OUR STATION KNBC WHEN THEIR SIZE GRAPH WENT OFF IN FRONT OF US.

>> HOW WAS IT TO MAKE YOUR WAY FROM BURBANK FROM ALL OF THE CONFUSION THAT WAS GOING ON TO GET FROM BURBANK OVER TO WHERE YOU ARE NOW IN SAN FRANCISCO? >> WE SCRAMBLED FOR CHARTERED AIRCRAFT.

THE PROBLEM OF TRANSPORTING PEOPLE UP TO THE SCENE WAS COMPLICATED BY THE FACT THAT SAN FRANCISCO AIRPORT WAS CLOSED DOWN.

THE TOWER WAS FULL OF DEBRIS AND COMMUNICATIONS WERE CUT.

THE TOWER COMPUTERS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AIRPORT WERE KNOCKED OUT OF COMMISSION.

WE WERE ABLE TO GET INTO SAN JOSE ABOUT 45 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO, AND ONCE WE GOT ON THE GROUND, AND ESTABLISHED TELEPHONE COMMUNICATIONS WHICH WAS SPOTTY WE WERE ABLE TO ASSESS WHERE THE BIGGEST DAMAGE WAS, WHERE THE MOST FACILITIES MIGHT BE, THAT LED US TO OAKLAND.

>> YOU OF COURSE ARE THERE ON THE SCENE NOW.

CAN YOU GIVE US A PICTURE OF WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE? IS THE WHOLE AREA LIT UP WITH LIGHTS, THE RESCUE EFFORT IS GOING ON I ASSUME EVEN THOUGH IT IS DARK, THEY PERHAPS WILL CERTAINLY BE ABLE TO DO BETTER DURING DAYLIGHT? >> THE AREA IS ALL CORDONED OFF.

THE STRUCTURE IS LIT UP QUITE BRIGHTLY BY RESCUERS, AND POLICE.

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT THEY PUT ON A CALL FOR CRANES AND BOOMS, CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN ARRIVING HERE ON THE SCENE WHEN IT HITS FULL DAYLIGHT HERE THE EFFORT WILL BE RENEWED IN EARNEST TO SEE IF ANYBODY ELSE IS ALIVE BENEATH ALL OF THE CONCRETE RUBBLE AND START LOOKING THROUGH THE COLLAPSED FREEWAY.

THE FEAR OF AFTER SHOCKS AND FEAR OF FURTHER COLLAPSES IS FURTHER MUCH ON THE MINDS OF THE RESCUE WORKERS.

>> WE'VE HAD A REPORT FROM THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE IN CALIFORNIA, I'M SURE THIS CAN ONLY BE AN ESTIMATE THAT AS MANY AS 80 PEOPLE DIED IN THE COLLAPSE THERE OF INTERSTATE 880.

ANY WAY OF CONFIRMING THAT BALLPARK FIGURE? >> IT IS JUST A BALLPARK FIGURE, BECAUSE LITERALLY ONLY INCHES NOW SEPARATE THE TOP LAYER FROM THE BOTTOM LAYER OF THE FREEWAY STRUCTURE, SO THEY CAN'T REALLY GET INTO IT TO SEE HOW MANY CARS ■ARE TRAPPED BENEATH THE FALLEN CONCRETE.

>> THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT GEORGE LEWIS REPORTING TO US FROM THE SCENE WHERE APPARENTLY THERE WAS THE MOST DAMAGE FROM THIS MAJOR EARTHQUAKE THAT HIT THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

THAT SECTION OF INTERSTATE 880, THE UPPER DECK COLLAPSING ONTO THE LOWER DECK.

AS GEORGE TOLD US THERE'S NO WAY TO TELL THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE THAT HAVE DIED THERE, BUT IT IS A MAJOR TRAGEDY APPARENTLY, THE WORST ASPECT OF THE MOST DAMAGE IN THIS EARTHQUAKE.

AS WE HAVE BEEN DOING THROUGHOUT THE EVENING, LET'S GO BACK NOW TO OUR NBC NEWS A FILL YIT IN SAN FRANCISCO AND JOIN THE COVERAGE FROM KRON.

>> THE REAL REASON THEY CAN'T GO BACK AT THIS POINT IS BECAUSE THERE IS A GAS LEAK.

EVERYTHING SEEMS ■■OBJECTIN■ CONSIDERING WHAT IT C■ULD HAVE BEEN.

THINGS AREN'T AS THEY SHOULD HAVE BEEN.

CONSIDERING WHAT COULD HAVE HAPPENED THINGS ARE OK AT LEAST ACCORDING TO THE PEOPLE IN CHARGEERE.

>> PEOPLE WITH MEDICAL PROBLEMS ARE NOT SENT TO THE RED CROSS SHELTERS, THEY ARE SENT TO THE HOSPITALS OR TRIAGEED OUT.

PEOPLE WITH CUTS AND BRUISES CAN BE SENT HERE.

>> HAVE YOU HEARD OF ANYONE ASIDE FROM THOSE PEOPLE AT THE CYPRUS SECTION OF THE FREEWAY, HAVE YOU HEARD OF ANYONE THAT WAS ACTUALLY INJURED.

>> NO I HAVE NOT.

IN FACT I HEARD THAT IS THE MAJOR AND ONLY FOCUS IN OAKLAND.

>> SO THINGS E OK HERE FOR THE MOMENT.

IT IS A TRAGEDY FOR THE PEOPLE INVOLVED.

AND OF COURSE TO SOME DEGREE IT'S A TRAGEDY FOR EVERYONE WHO LIVES IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD.

BUT THINGS COULD BE A LOT WORSE.

THE PEOPLE INSIDE HAVE FOOD.

THOSE WHO HAVE MINOR MEDICAL PROBLEMS ARE ATTENDED TO.

THE CHILDREN ARE ASLEEP.

OFFICIALS HERE SAY TOMORROW MORNING WHEN THE SUN COMES UP EVERYTHING IS GOING TO LOOK A LOT BETTER TO EVERYBODY.

>> IN THE EVENT SOMEONE IS IN A BUILDING THAT THEY'RE UNSAFE IN AND FEEL INSECURE IS THERE ROOM FOR MORE? >> CERTAINLY.

MAYBE A HOUR EARLIER THEY WERE TURNING AWAY VOLUNTEERS HERE.

THEY LITERALLY HAD MORE VOLUNTEERS THAN VICTIMS.

THERE'S PLENTY OF FOOD.

PLENTY OF COTS.

PLENTY OF EVERYTHING.

IF ANYONE FEELS THE LEAST BIT INSECURE, FEELS PERHAPS THE BUILDING MAY COME DOWN OR PROGRAMS THE BUILDING IS IN JEPITY OF MOVING AGAIN THEY SHOULD CERTAINLY COME TO SH- SHELTER OR A SHELTER SIMILAR TO THIS IN BERKELEY.

>> ONE PLACE WHERE THINGS MAY BE ■TURNING OUT TO BE RSE THAN EARLIER FEAR, IS IN SANTA CRUZ.

WE WERE JUST TALKING TO CARL SON KIN BY PHONE.

>> I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU ONE LOCATION HERE IN SANTA CRUZ ON THE DOWNTOWN PACIFIC GARDEN MALL TO SHOW YOU HOW POWERFUL THIS EARTH SKWAIK WAS.

I'M STANDING IN FRONT OF FORD'S CLOTHE STORE.

THE FACADE OF THE FLOOR HAS ACTUALLY FALLEN OFF.

MANIKINS ARE LAYING ON THE STREET.

PARTS OF THE BUILDING HAVE ACTUALLY FALLEN OFF.

AS YOU CAN POSSIBLY SEE TO THE WINDOWS TO THE FAR RIGHT, ACTUALLY SOME OF THE CEILING OF THIS STORE HAS FALLEN DOWN.

YOU CAN SEE CEILING JOISTS THERE ARREST CLOTHING LAYING OUT THROUGH THE BROKEN WINDOWS, MANIKINS ON THE STREET.

THE PACIFIC GARDEN MALL IS LITTERED WITH BRICKS.

THIS IS A HISTORIC PART OF OLD SANTA CRUZ.

KIND OF A DOWNTOWN SHOPPING MALL.

AS WE SAID EARLIER THERE WERE AT LEAST 6 DEATHS OUT HERE AND MIGHT BE POSSIBLY MORE AS DAWN BREAKS AND A SEARCH RESUMES IN THIS AREA.

A LITTLE WHILE AGO WE SAW SOME NATIONAL GUARDSMAN WALKING THROUGH HER APPARENTLY POSSIBLY TO GUARD THIS AREA.

WE ARE ENTIRELY SURE.

WE'LL HAVE MORE FROM YOU AS THE DAY GOES ON AND AS THE MORNING PROGRESSES.

I'M CARLSON KIN.

>> WAYNE FRIEDMAN HAS BEEN OUT TALKING TO ANOTHER GROUP OF FOLKS, TOURISTS.

>> WE HAPPENED TO GO BY THE HIGHEST REGENCY, IMAGINE IF YOU WERE ON VACATION AND SUDDENLY YOU COULDN'T GO TO YOUR HOTEL ROOM.

THESE ARE THE PEOPLE IN THE MAIN LOBBY OF THE HYATT REGENCY, 1500 PEOPLE SPENDING T NIGHTS DOWN THERE.

READING MESSAGES.

"PETER I'M SLEEPING ON THE FLOOR.

"MARY, LOOK FOR ME NEAR THE STAGE.

" >> HERE ARE TWO TOURISTS FROM WICHITA, KANSAS, >> WHAT DID IT FEEL LIKE? >> WELL, YOU HAD A HARD TIME WALKING.

THE TV FLU OUT OF THE ARMOR, THE LAMPS WERE FLYING AROUND THE ROOM.

IT WAS DIFFICULT TO GET AWAY FROM THE WINDOWS AND GET BACK TOWARDS THE HALL, THAT AREA OF THE ROOM.

>> WERE YOU ABLE TO STAY ON YOUR FEET? >> WE BRACED OURSELF AGAINST THE WALL.

IT WAS SORT OF IF YOU WERE IN A TURBULENT FLIGHT AND YOU WERE TRYING TO GET FROM THE RESTROOM.

IT WAS DIFFICULT.

LIKE WALKING UPHILL AGAINST THE WIND.

YOU HAD A DIFFICULT TIME STANDING UP AND MAINTAINING YOUR BALANCE.

WE JUST GOT INTO A DOORWAY AND WE PRAYED A LOT.

>> IS THIS A VACATION OR BUSINESS TRIP? >> BUSINESS TRIP.

>> IS THIS ■■COMBINATION MORE OF AN INCONVENIENCE OR AN ADVENTURE? >> IT'S AN INCONVENIENCE BUT ALSO AN ADD CONVENIENT TUR.

I WOULD MUCH BE HERE THAN ON THE 17TH FLOOR.

>> SOME PEOPLE WOULD RATHER BE OUTSIDE.

IT IS HOTTER INSIDE.

WHY ARE YOU OUTSIDE? >> IT'S COOLER OUT HERE.

THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE ON THE BASEMENT FLOOR OF THE BUILDING.

IT'S JUST NOT COMFORTABLE.

>> WHERE ARE YOU FROM? >> MISSOURI.

>> HAVE YOU EVER FELT LIKE ANYTHING LIKE THIS BEFORE.

>> NO.

>> WHAT DO YOU MAKE OF IT? >> I DON'T THINK I'LL COME BACK.

>> WHERE ARE YOU FROM? >> LOS ANGELES.

>> YOU'RE USED TO THIS THEN? >> NOT LIKE THIS THIS IS THE WORST I'VE BEEN IN.

>> WHAT WAS IT LIKE? >> WE WERE AT THE ST.

FRANCIS AND IT SOK AND WE THOUGHT IT WOULD PASS.

SO WE DROPPED.

>> DID YOU EVER THINK YOU WOULD SPEND YOUR VACATION IN SAN FRANCISCO ON A PARK BENCH? >> NOT ACTUALLY.

NOT RIGHT HERE NOW.

>> WHAT ABOUT YOU, YOU ARE, I ASSUME NOT IN SOME RELIGIOUS ORDER.

>> NO THIS IS A TABLE CLOTH.

IT'S A NICE ONE TOO.

I'M VERY HAPPY TO HAVE IT.

THEY PASSED THESE OUT IN THE HOTEL.

>> SO YOU'RE SLEEPING TONIGHT? >> RIGHT HERE.

IT'S TOO CROWDED IN THE BALLROOM.

>> IN A TABLE CLOTH? >> SURE.

>> WHEN IS THE LAST TIME YOU ATE? >> IT WAS AN HOUR AGO.

THEY PASSED OUT SANDWICHES IN THE HOTEL.

>> WHERE ARE YOU FROM? >> SALT LAKE.

>> DO THEY HAVE EARTHQUAKES IN SALT LAKE? >> YES, NOT LIKE THIS.

>> AND HE ADDS, HE WANTS TO GO HOME TO SALT LAKE.

THESE PEOPLE ARE TAKING IT IN RELATIVELY GOOD HUMOR.

IMAGINE IF YOU WERE IN YOUR VACATION IN SAN FRANCISCO AND WOUND UP SPENDING YOUR VACATION NIGHT INSTEAD OF A LUXURY HOTEL BUT ON A PARK BENCH ON MARKET STREET.

>> THEY CAN'T GET UPSTAIRS IN THE HOTEL.

BECAUSE THE ELECTRICITY IS OUT.

AND HEAT ALSO HAS A TENDENCY TO RISE.

SO THEY'RE ALL MAINTAINING VERY GOOD HUMOR.

NO ONE SEEMED VERY ANGRY WITH THE HOTEL.

WE'RE TOLD THERE WERE SOME PEOPLE THAT HAVE WALKED IN OFF THE STREETS AND THE HEIGHT HAS GIVEN THEM A PLACE TO STAY.

I DON'T THINK THEY WANT TO LIVE THE REST OF THEIR LIVES LIKE THIS.

THEY'RE MAKING DO FINE.

>> HAVE YOU HEARD OF THE SITUATION WITH OTHER HOTELS AS WELL? >> THAT'S THE ONLY ONE WE SAW.

I DID PASS BY THE HILTON AND SAW A SIMILAR SEEN IN THAT LOBBY.

I WOULD THINK IT'S SAFE TO ASSUME SEVERAL HOTELS ARE TAKING CARE OF THE CUSTOMERS.

>> A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE SIMPLY NOT SLEEPING TONIGHT? >> IT'S EXCITING.

I DON'T THINK THEY WOULD WANT TO DO THIS 2 NIGHTS IN A ROW.

IT'S OK FOR ONE NIGHT.

THEY DON'T HAVE A LOT OF INFORMATION ABOUT WHAT'S GOING ON INSIDE THE CITY.

SO WE WERE BRINGING AS MUCH INFORMATION TO THEM AS THEY WERE BRINGING TO US.

THEY WERE VERY CONCERNED ABOUT WHAT HAD HAPPENED TO OAKLAND AND IN PARTS OF THE MARINA DISTRICT.

>> IT'S GOING TO BE A LONG NIGHT AND A LONG DAY TOMORROW.

AND FOR A LOT OF STUDENTS THERE WILL BE NO SCHOOL AND WE'RE NOW GOING TO SHOW YOU A LIST OF THE SCHOOLS.

>> THEY ARE GIVING US THE SCHOOL CLOSINGS IN THE LOCAL AREA.

WE WANT TO RECAP FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO HAVE JUST JOINED US THERE HAS BEEN A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

IT OCCURRED ABOUT 9 HOURS AGO SHORTLY AFTER 5 O'CLO CIFIC COAST TIME IT OCCURRED JUST BEFORE THE BEGINNING OF THE 3RD GAME OF THE WORLD SERIES AT CANDLESTICK PARK IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE WAS ONE SLIGHT INJURY REPORTED AT THE PARK.

THERE HAD BEEN A NUMBER OF INJURIES ELSEWHERE IN THE CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO AND IN THE OAKLAND AREA AND AS FAR AS SOUTH OF SANTA CRUZ ABOUT 75 MILES SOUTH OF THE BAY AREA, THAT BEING ■THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE THAT MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

CASUALTY REPORTS ARE CONFLICTING AT THIS HOUR.

THEY HAVE BEEN ALL EVENING LONG.

THE BEST THAT WE CAN GO WITH, WE THINK THE MOST AUTHORITATIVE NOW, IS THE CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL WHICH SAYS THAT 25O PEOPLE HAVE LOST THEIR LIVES.

THERE ARE OTHER REPORTS HERE THAT AS MANY AS 200 PEOPLE DIED IN THE COLLAPSE OF INTERSTATE 880, IN THE OAKLAND AREA, AGAIN THAT UNCONFIRMED, BUT AS WE HEARD FROM NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT GEORGE LEWIS ABOUT 2O MINUTES AGO, THERE WAS SEVERE DAMAGE THERE.

YOU'RE LOOKING NOW AT VIDEOTAPE OF THIS AREA OF THE GREATEST DAMAGE ALONG INTERSTATE 880, AS GEORGE LEWIS REPORTED TO US A NUMBER OF PEOPLE HAVE BEEN TRAPPED IN THEIR VEHICLES.

THE UPPER LEVEL OF A SECTION OF THE FREEWAY, ABOUT A MILE-AND-A-HALF IN DISTANCE COLLAPSED.

IT COLLAPSED AT THE HEIGHT OF THE RUSH HOUR SHORTLY AFTER 5 O'CLOCK.

AS GEORGE TOLD US A NUMBER OF PEOPLE ARE TRAPPED IN THEIR CARS.

THE AREA IS NOW CORDONED OFF.

THERE ARE TRUCKS AND CRANES AND LADDERS.

THE AREA IS LIT UP AND THEY'RE TRYING TO GET IN THERE TO SEE THE EXTENT OF THE FATALITIES, INJURIES AND DAMAGE THERE.

THERE IS ALSO DAMAGE REPORTED ON THE OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE.

WE HAVE SEEN VIDEOTAPE OF THAT WHERE A SMA SECTION OF THE UPPER LEVEL OF THE OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE COLLAPSED DAMAGING A NUMBER OF CARS AND THERE IS SAID TO HAVE BEEN SOME FATALITIES THERE.

THERE WAS A MAJOR FIRE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA, SEVERAL FIRES, INDEED THE WORST IN THE MARINA AREA, DOWN NEAR THE WATERFRONT IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE HAVE BEEN REPORTS OF A NUMBER OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS, DAMAGE ESTIMATES RANGE FROM ONE BILLION DOLLARS AND HIGHER.

IN THE SANTA CRUZ AREA, DAMAGE THERE ALONE ESTIMATED AT 35O MILLION DOLLARS.

NATIONAL GUARD AND UNITS OF THE ARMY RESERVE ARE PATROLLING AREAS OF OAKLAND AND SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE HAVE BEEN SOME REPORTS OF LOOTING, NOTHING WIDE SPREAD.

THERE THERE BECAUSE MANY STORES HAVE BEEN BROKEN OPEN WITH GLASS BREAKAGE AND BUILDING FRONTS COLLAPSING.

THE MOST MAJOR EARTHQUAKE AS FAR AS DAMAGE AND DEATHS ARE CONCERNED SINCE 19 WHEN THE DEVASTATING SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AT THAT TIME TOOK THE LIVES OF ABOUT 700 PEOPLE.

IT SEEMS AUDIT TO TALK ABOUT BASEBALL BUT THE EARTHQUAKE DID TRIKE JUST BEFORE THE 3RD GAME OF THE WORLD SERIES WAS TO HAVE BEGUN AT CANDLESTICK PARK IN SAN FRANCISCO.

BASEBALL COMMISSIONER FAY VINCENT SAYS HE IS GOING TO MEET WITH HIS PEOPLE TO ASSESS THE DAMAGE NOT ONLY AT CANDLESTICK PARK BUT ALSO AT THE OAKLAND BALLPARK TO SEE WHETHER OR NOT GAME 3 CAN BE PLAYED OR PERHAPS IT WILL BE DELAYED FOR A DAY OR SO AND PERHAPS PLAYED ELSEWHERE.

FOR NOW, THAT'S OUR SUMMATION OF THE SITUATION AS WE HAVE BEEN DOING THROUGHOUT THE EARLY MORNING HOURS.

LET'S REJOIN OUR NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCAT THAT COVERAGE AT KRON.

[ PLEASE STAND BY ] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] >> ONE QUICK QUESTION WITH ALL THE — HAVE Y SEEN THE CRANES COMING IN? >> IN FACT IT WAS A HOUR AGO THAT A CRANE CLEARLY A PRIVATE CRANE, A BUILDING ITSELF AS THE LARGEST OF THE WORLD PULLED RIGHT THROUGH BEHIND ME FROM THIS SIDE UNDERNEATH THE CYPRUS EXPRESSWAY ONTO THE OTHER SIDE.

165 FOOT BEAM CRANE.

AT SOME POINT, WE CAN'T SAY WHERE OR WHEN, THESE CONSTRUCTION CRANES ARE GOING TO BEGIN TRYING TO LIFT THE UPPER DECK OFF OF THE MIDDLE DECK WHICH IS SUPPORTING BOTH DECKS NOW.

>> THANK YOU.

■ ANTHONY MOORE FROM OAKLAND.

WE INDICATED ANTHONY TOLD US THERE WERE SOME 70 DEAD.

THAT FIGURE, IF YOU ADD THE NUMBERS UP, I HAVE 69, NOT AN OFFICIAL NUMBER OF DEATHS, BUT THE LATEST FIGURE.

ANYBODY SEEMS TO BE WORKING WITH.

>> IN THE MARINA DISTRICT THERE ARE REPORTS THAT 8 PEOPLE DIED IN THAT FIRE THAT HAPPENED.

>> WE HAVE 13 PERHAPS IN SAN FRANCISCO BEYOND THE 9 THAT HE GAVE US.

>> IN THE MARINA DISTRICT WHERE THERE IS AN AREA WHER■12 BUILDINGS COLLAPSED AND BURNED.

THERE ARE FATALITIES THERE.

VIC LEE IS BACK FROM THE RED CROSS SHELTER? >> THERE ARE ABOUT 4 TO 500 PEOPLE AT THE SHELTER I AM TOLD.

ALL OF THEM FROM THE MARINA DISTRICT.

MANY OF THE PEOPLEHAVE LOST EVERYTHING THAT THEY OWNED.

THEIR AMOUNTS ARE DEMOLISHED.

MOST OF THE PEOPLE THERE AT THE SHELTER WERE ADVISED BY THE FIRE DEPARTMENT TO LEAVE THEIR APARTMENTS BECAUSE OF THE DANGER OF GAS LEAKS.

YOU SEE SOME OF THESE PEOPLE COMING IN, MANY OF THEM ELDERLY PEOPLE.

SOME OF THEM WERE INJURED.

SOME SERIOUSLY.

I HEARD ABOUT 2O PEOPLE WERE MOVED TO LETTERMANS HOSPITAL.

YOU SEE MORE OF THE PEOPLE BEING MOVED.

THERE WERE PEOPLE LIKE DINE FEINSTEIN, HIM FORMER MAYOR FEINSTEIN WAS WORKING THERE.

SHE ARRIVED EARLY ON.

SHE WAS HELPING THE VOLUNTEERS THERE.

THERE ARE ABOUT 5O TO 60 VOLUNTEERS AT THE SHELTER.

EARLIER THIS EVENING THE MAYOR SHOWED UP AND HE TALKED WITH SOME OF THESE VICTIMS.

WE HAVE TO WATCH ALL OF THESE VOLUNTEERS WHO JUST CAME OUT FROM THE COLD, LEFT THEIR OWN PLACES TO HELP OUT, FOR INSTANCE WE SAW THE WHOLE USA BASKETBALL TEAM.

AT FIRST THERE WAS A LITTLE TROUBLE OPENING THE SHELTER BECAUSE THEY LACKED TOILETS AND WATER AND FOOD, THINGS LIKE THAT.

BUT AROUND MID EVENING ALL OF THOSE THINGS WERE BROUGHT.

AND AT THIS TIME MOST OF THE PEOPLE ARE SLEEPING AT THE SHELTER.

THE VOLUNTEERS ARE STILL THERE.

AND THEY OF COURSE EXPECT TO KEEP THE SHELTER OPEN ALL NIGHT FOR ANYBODY ELSE WHO WANTS TO COME.

>> HOW MANY DID YOU SAY WERE THERE? THERE IS ROOM FOR MORE? >> ABOUT FOUR TO 500 PEOPLE I WAS TOLD WHEN I LAST LEFT THE SHELTER A LITTLE WHILE AGO.

AGAIN MOST OF THEM WERE ADVISED TO LEAVE THEIR AMOUNTS IN THE MARINA BECAUSE OF THE DANGER OF GAS LEAKS.

>> IN FACT THE POLICE CHIEF MEXICO MENTIONED IN AN INTERVIEW THERE WERE BUILDINGS THAT WERE UNSAFE, THAT THERE WAS STILL STANDING BUT UNSAFE AND WOULD HAVE TO BE DEMOLISHED.

I AN IMAGINE THE RESIDENTS WOULD BE FROM BUILDINGS LIKE THOSE? >> JUST AROUND THE CORNER THERE WAS A BUILDING THAT WAS JUST ALMOST ENTIRELY COLLAPSED JUST AROUND THE CORNER.

THERE MUST HAVE BEEN AT LEAST 5O PEOPLE LIVING IN THAT BUILDING.

SO I ASSUME MOST OF THEM ARE AT THE SHELTER.

I ALSO HEARD THAT MANY PEOPLE IN THE MARINA DISTRICT WHO WERE NOT AT THE SHELTER APPARENTLY HAVE FOUND OTHER MEANS OF — OTHER PLACES TO STAY TONIGHT.

I NOTICED SOME PEOPLE CAMPED OUT IN FRONT OF APARTMENTS, JUST SIMPLY, YOU KNOW, STAYING IN FRONT OF THEIR APARTMENTS WONDERING WHAT ELSE TO DO.

SO I GUESS PEOPLE ARE MAKING DO.

>> THANKS A LOT.

>> PROBABLY NOTHING MORE IMPORTANT TO THE FOLKS WHO ARE HOME NOT DIRECTLY INVOLVED WITH THE TRAGEDY BUT INCONVENIENCED GREATLY BY A LACK OF POWER, GAS, ELECTRICITY.

WE HAVE MR.

GEORGE SARKISIAN, WITH PG AND E.

CAN YOU BRING US UP-TO-DATE ON WHAT YOU HOPE TO GET ACCOMPLISHED? >> WE'RE TRYING TO.

WE HAVE PEOPLE WITHOUT ELECTRIC POWER AND ALMOST A HUNDRED THOUSAND CUSTOMERS WITHOUT GAS.

THE HARDEST PLACES HIT WERE SAN FRANCISCO, DOWN TO THE PENINSULA, PART OF THE OAKLAND AND THE SAN JOSE AREA.

AND SANTA CRUZ.

AS OF JUST A SHORT TIME AGO WE RESTORED 98% OF THE POWER IN NORTH SAN MATEO, COUNTY.

IN SAN FRANCISCO, SOME OF LINCOLN BOULEVARD, NORTH OF THE BOULEVARD MUCH REMAINS OUT.

■ A PROBLEM THAT WE'RE HAVING WITH THE FIRES, WITH THE POSSIBLE GAS LEAKS, WE CAN'T GO IN.

TO STORE ELECTRICITY POWER WHICH WE'RE PREPARED TO DO.

WE HAVE TO GO IN AND CHECK AND MAKE SURE ALL GAS LINES ARE FINE.

OTHERWISE IF WE REENER JIEZ THERE COULD BE SPARKS.

>> WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL BE THE TOUGHEST AREA TO FIX? >> THE MARINA AREA CERTAINLY IS BAD.

PARTS OF OAKLAND.

WE'RE PREPARED TO TURN POWER BACK ONTO THE EMBARK DARE ROW AND THE FINANCIAL DISTRICT.

WE HAVE MONITORING EQUIPMENT AND MAKE SURE THERE IS NOT GAS.

>> IS IT HUMANLY POSSIBLE TO GET IT ALL RESTORED BY TOMORROW EVENING SAY? >> I DON'T THINK SO.

>> WE HAVE PEOPLE FROM FRESNO, WE'RE EVALUATING ALL OF THE WEAK NIECES.

WE HAVE A MUTUAL EMERGENCY AGREEMENT WITH OREGON, NEVADA, DOWN IN WASHINGTON STATE, THEY WILL SEND US CREWS.

IT'S AN ALL OUT EFFORT TO WORK AROUND THE CLOCK.

WE HOPE FOR THE BEST.

ONE BIT OF GOOD NEWS IS I THINK BY NOW WE'VE GIVEN POWER BACK TO BART AND THEY WILL HELP THEM TURN THE VENTILATION EQUIPMENT ON AND GIVE THEM BETTER ACCESS TO THE TUBES.

>> WE HAVE BEEN WATCHING OUR COVERAGE FROM OUR AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO,■ KRON, FOR THOSE OF YOU JUST JOINING US WE ARE GIVING YOU CONTINUOUS COVERAGE OF THE SITUATION IN THE SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND AREA FOLLOWING A DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE THAT STRUCK SOME ½ HOURS AGO MEASURING 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

THE FATALITIES, 25O PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE DIED, 500 INJURED, MORE THAN ONE BILLION DOLLARS IN PROPERTY DAMAGE.

THE CENTER OF THE QUAKE WAS IN THE AREA OF SANTA CRUZ WHICH IS 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

DAMAGE ESTIMATES AGAIN MUCH HIGHER THAN ONE BILLION DOLLARS.

AS MANY AS A MILLION NORTHERN CALIFORNIANS ARE REPORTED WITHOUT POWER AND 500,000 WITHOUT GAS.

VERN PAUL IS WITH THE FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT ACKNOWLEDGESY IN SAN FRANCISCO.

HE IS ON THE LINE.

CAN YOU TELL US THE XTENT FROM YOUR POINT OF VIEW OF THIS EMERGENCY AT THIS HOUR? >> JOHN, WE'RE TRYING TO GATHER THE INFORMATION FROM STATE, THE CALIFORNIA OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES, TO THE EXTENT WHERE THE FEDERAL E■CY RESPONSE IS NEEDED.

SO FAR WE HAVE NOT HAD ANY SPECIFIC REQUESTS.

ROBERT VIKERS THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR FOR OUR AGENCY, BASED IN THE PERSIDIO, ARE CONTACTING ■PEOPLE IN SAN FRANCISCO TO DETERMINE WHAT RESPONSE AND WHAT CAPABILITIES THEY HAVE TO RESPOND TO THE STATE.

SUCH AS SEARCH AND RESCUE, FOOD THAT WOULD BE NEEDED, ANY TRANSPORTATION NEEDS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION.

OUR AGENCY IS THE COORDINATING AGENCY.

HOUSING, WE OF COURSE WORK WITH THE RED CROSS.

RIGHT NOW WE'RE IN THE TOOLG UP PROCESS OF THE FEDERAL FAMILIES TO DETERMINE WHAT WE CAN DO TO RESPOND TO THE STATE'S NEEDS.

>> HOW WOULD YOU CHARACTERIZE THE EXTENT OF THIS EARTHQUAKE, THE EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE? >> ALL I REALLY HAVE ■HEARD I WAS AT THE PERSIDIO UP NEW HAMPSHIRE A SHORT WHILE AGO, AND WE HAD TROUBLE WITH OUR PHONES THERE.

BUT MOST OF OUR INFORMATION IS FROM THE NEWS MEDIA.

I'M TOLD THERE ARE SPECIFIC AREAS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AND IN OAKLAND AND — THAT HAVE BEEN BADLY DEVASTATED, SUCH AS THE MARINA AREA.

AND THERE ARE OTHER AREAS THAT HAVE BEEN UNTOUCHED.

IT'S AN IRONIC SITUATION.

I HEARD THE MAYOR SAY MUCH OF THE CITY IS STILL INTACT.

THERE IS A LOT OF GLASS AND BREAKAGE IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA.

BUT EARLIER IN THE DAY WE SAW PEOPLE ON TELEVISION MOVING BACK AND FORTH IN A VERY NORMAL FASHION.

SO FAR, FROM WHAT I'VE BEEN ABLE TO LEARN, MOST AGAIN FROM NEWS MEDIA, THE PEOPLE HAVE BEEN VERY CALM.

AND THEY'VE REACTED VERY FAVORABLY.

WE LIKE TO THINK PERHAPS MAYBE THE EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS PROGRAMS THAT HAVE BEEN IN EFFECT FOR MANY TIMES AS PARTICULAR IN APRIL WHEN THE CALIFORNIA OFFICE OF OF EMERGENCY SERVICES HAS A MONTH LONG CAMPAIGN HAVE BEEN HELPFUL IN EDUCATING AND TRAINING PEOPLE.

THE RADIO STATIONS AND TELEVISIONS STATION I THINK HAVE DONE A PHENOMENAL JOB IN INFORMING THE PEOPLE ABOUT THE PROBLEMS AND WHAT HAS BEEN OCCURRING AND ALSO GIVING REASSURANCE THAT LOCAL GOVERNMENT, STATE GOVERNMENT AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ARE THERE TO RESPOND.

OF COURSE OUR FIRST LINE IS TO TRY TO SAVE LIVES AND REDUCE PROPERTY DAMAGE.

>> THANK YOU, MR.

VERN PAUL FROM THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY NAGEMENT AGENCY IN SAN FRANCISCO TALKING ABOUT THEIR JOB IN ALL OF THIS WHICH IS TO COORDINATE THEIR RELIEF EFFORT IN THE SITUATION.

WE WANT TO GO TO MARY LOU HARTRICS IN SALINE AS CALIFORNIA.

ARE YOU WITH US? >> YES, I AM.

>> WE WERE LOOKING AT THE DAMAGE IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY.

WE HAVE THERE IS SEVERE DAMAGE IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA OF SANTA CRUZ LOCATED, ABOUT 15 MILES SOUTH OF SANTA CRUZ IN SALINAS.

THERE HAS BEEN EXCESSIVE DAMAGE DONE IN MONTEREY COUNTY.

WE ARE UNAWARE OF THE SPECIFIC ESTIMATES BECAUSE WE DO NOT HAVE A SO TO SPEAK TRY COUNTY EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS TEAM.

RIGHT NOW WE HAVE ABSOLUTELY NO POWER IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY AREA AND MONTEREY COUNTY AREA AS WELL.

WATER IS OUT OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY AS WELL.

THE PEOPLE HAS ABOUT A 3-DAY SUPPLY.

SO THEY'RE RATIONING WHAT THEY CAN.

HERE IN THE SALINAS AREA, MANY PEOPLE HAVE OPENED UP SO WE CAN GET WATER SUPPLIES, HIMSELF EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT.

WE UNDERSTAND THAT SIZE D BATTERIES ARE NOW OUT BECAUSE PEOPLE NEED FLASHLIGHTS.

IT'S PRETTY BAD HERE.

ALL IN ALL I THINK PEOPLE ARE COMING TOGETHER.

LOTS OF COMRADERY WHEN YOU GO OUT INTO THE NEIGHBORHOODS.

PEOPLE PULLING TOGETHER.

THE PANIC WAS ABOUT 1O SECONDS AFTER THE QUAKE.

WE ALL FELT IT.

AFTER THAT YOU JUST KIND OF GO IN AND PICK UP THE PIECES.

>> THANK YOU FOR THAT REPORT.

HAVE YOU FELT ANY AFTER SHOCKS.

WE HAVE REPORTS THERE WERE A NUMBER OF AFTER SHOCKS FURTHER NORTH FROM YOU UP IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA? >> FROM WHAT WE FELT, MINUTES AFTER AND HOURS AFTER, THERE HAVE BEEN ABOUT 5 SO TO SPEAK, NOT TERRIFIC AFTER SHOCKS, BUT WE DEFINITELY HAVE SEEN THE BUILDINGS SHAKE AND DOORS MOVE AND PICTURES ON THE WALL.

FROM WHAT WE KNOW NOW IN THIS AREA THERE HAVE BEEN ABOUT 5 THAT WE'VE BEEN ABLE TO FEEL.

>> WHERE WERE YOU WHEN THE QUAKE STRUCK 9½ HOURS AGO? >> MOST OF THE STARVE WAS IN THE NEWSROOM AT THE TIME.

WE WERE DOING OUR 5 O'CLOCK BROADCAST NEWS LIVE.

WE WERE IN A LIVE REPORT.

IMMEDIATELY OUR POWER WENT OFF AND WE WENT TO OUR BACK UP GENERATOR HERE AT THE STATION.

AS FAR AS I KNOWWE'RE THE ONLY ONES THAT HAVE POWER IN THE AREA.

SOME FOLKS AROUND DO HAVE POWER GENERATORS, EVERYTHING IS BATTERY OPERATED.

THEY'RE JUST RECEIVING OUR SIGNAL FROM THEIR BATTERY OPERAT■b RADIOS OR WALK MAN'S OR WHAT HAVE YOU.

PHONE SERVICIS DOWN SO TO SPEAK.

WE HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO GET OUT.

WE CAN ONLY CALL LOCALLY.

POWER IS OUT.

THEY ARE SAYING FROM 36 TO 72 HOURS WE MAY BE WITHOUT POWER IN THE AREA.

>> THANK YOU, MARY LOU, FROM OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SALINAS CALIFORNIA.

REPORTING TO US SOUTH FROM THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY.

THE FATALITIES ARE LISTING AT 25O PEOPLE.

IT'S BECAUSE OF DARKNESS AND POOR COMMUNICATIONS STILL AROUND THE AREA, IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO KNOW THE EXACT NUMBER.

ABOUT 500 PEOPLE INJURED MOST OF THE FATALITIES BELIEVED TO BE ON THAT COLLAPSED UPPER DECK OF THE INTERSTATE 880 IN THE OAKLAND AREA.

AGAIN THE COLLAPSE OCCURRING AT THE WORST POSSIBLE TIME A LITTLE AFTER 5 O'CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON DURING RUSH HOUR.

LET'S REJOIN THE COVERAGE FROM OUR NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO KRON.

YOU'RE TAKING A LOOK NOW AT SOME OF THE DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE BUCKLING OF THE HIGH WAS.

LET'S JOIN THE COVERAGE.

[ PLEASE STAND BY ] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] >> THE VOLUNTARY VOLUME OF CALLS DROPPED OFF ABOUT 2 HOURS AGO.

THEY EXPECT IN ABOUT 15 MINUTES AT 3 O'CLOCK OUR TIME, WHICH IS 6 CLOCK ON THE EAST COAST THAT THE FOLKS ON THE EAST COAST WILL START CALLING SEE HOW WE ARE.

THEY SAY THEY HAVE NO DAMAGE TO THE CENTRAL OFFICE EQUIPMENT.

THEY MAY FIND IN THE MORNING THEY MAY NOTICE THAT A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN KNOCKED OVER AND HAS TAKEN OUT A COUPLE OF LINES.

BASICALLY THE SYSTEM IS INTA.

IF YOU'RE EXPERIENCING PROBLEMS IT'S BECAUSE OF THE VOLUME OF CALLS.

PACIFIC BELL SAYS PLEASE DON'T CALL 611 THE REPAIR SERVICE, BECAUSE THEY KNOW WHERE THE PROBLEMS ARE IF YOU'RE EXPERIENCING A LOW DIAL TONE.

DON'CALL■■ANYONE IF YOU DON'T HAVE TO.

IT JUST TRIBUTES TO THE PROBLEMS.

>> WE HAD PROBLEM LIKE ANY PLACE DIALING THE AREA CODE AND FOR AN EMERGENCY CALL TO LOVED ONES I FOUND THAT 90 YOU GET PASS THAT.

YOU GET AN OPERATOR.

>> A LOT OF THOSE CALLS GET ROUTED BY SATELLITE.

YOU CAN GO UP IN THE SKY AND COME BACK DOWN.

>> I WAS TALKING TO MY NEIGHBORHOOD AND SHE WAS SAYING SHE CAN GET CALLS BUT SHE CAN'T CALL OUT.

SO SHE'S JUST SORT OF A ONE WAY COMMUNICATION.

SHE CAN'T GET A HOLD OF PEOPLE THEY WANT TO LET KNOW SHE'S SAFE BUT IF SHE WANT TO CALL HER THEY CAN GET THROUGH.

>> MANY TIMES IT'S A PERSON SITTING AT A COMPUTER TERMINAL TRYING TO GET THE WHOLE SYSTEM GOING.

>> PACIFIC BELL IS ON THE PHONE RIGHT NOW TO EASTERN MEDIA TO ASK THEM TO PUT OUT THE WORD, DON'T CALL SAN FRANCISCO YOU'RE JUST GOING ON EVERY LOAD THE SYSTEM.

>> JOINING US NOW IS MARY BORELLI FROM OUR STAFF.

SHE IS ONE OF SEVERAL PEOPLE.

SHE WAS ONE OF SEVERAL PEOPLE ON THE BAY BRIDGE.

WHAT WAS IT LIKE? >> US I WAS HORRIFYING.

I WAS HEADED INTO THE EAST BAY ON MY WAY HOME.

I LOT MY RADIO SIGNAL AND KAY CAR SIMPLY WENT OUT OF CONTROL.

IT WAS AS IF THE PAVEMENT JUST DISSOLVED FROM UNDERNEATH ME.

WHEN THINGS CALMED DOWN, THE CARS ALL STOPPED.

IT WAS COMMUTE TRAFFIC.

A MOTORCYCLE RIDER CAME ACROSS THE BRIDGE YELLING THAT THE BRIDGE HAD COLLAPSED.

PEOPLE STARTED SAYING GET OFF THE BRIDGE, GET OFF THE BRIDGE.

>> WHERE WERE YOU IN RELATION TO THAT COLLAPSED SECTION? >> BY THE TIME I GOT STOPPED, I WAS ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE TUNNEL, SO I WAS BETWEEN THE TUNNEL AND THE COLLAPSED SECTION.

AND AT THAT POINT LITERALLY THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE LEFT THEIR CARS AND WERE ALL RUNNING BACK TO THE ISLAND.

WE CONGREGATED THERE FOR A WHILE, AND THEN WE WERE ASKED TO RETURN TO OUR CARS.

IT TOOK A COUPLE OF HOURS ON THE BRIDGE.

WITH ALL OF OUR RADIOS GOING AND PEOPLE TRYING TO STAY CALM.

AND THEY TURNED ALL OF THOSE CARS AND BUSES AROUND AND HAD US DRIVE BACK TO SAN FRANCISCO.

BUT IT WAS A COUPLE OF HOURS OF NOT KNOWING IF WE WERE GOING TO HAVE AN AFTER SHOCK, WATCHING THE HELICOPTERS AND HAVING HELPLESS AND FEELING BETWEEN TRYING TO THINK IF WE COULD GET ANYWHERE SAFE.

>> THANK YOU, MARY.

>> GOING BACK TO THE COMMAND CENTER IN SAN FRANCISCO.

APPARENTLY ANOTHER UPDATE ON THE SITUATION OF GETTING POWER CONNECTED.

>> I HAVE THE DIRECTOR OF THE PG AND E IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THE MAJOR JOBS FOR THEM TONIGHT.

FIRST OF ALL WE'RE STILL STANDING IN THE DARKNESS HERE HOW CLOSE ARE YOU TO GETTING POWER RESTORED IN SAN FRANCISCO? >> YOU CAN LOOK OF OVER YOUR SHOULDER AND SEE IT'S JUST A BLOCK OR 2 A WAY.

WE'RE MOVING QUITE RAPIDLY THROUGH THE CITY.

LOOKS LIKE WE HAVE ABOUT HALF OF THE CITY, PRIMARILY THE SOUTHERN HALF SOUTH OF LINCOLN, NEAR GOLD ENGATE PARK, FROM THERE SOUTH TO THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE CITY MOST OF IT IS BACK IN POWER >> WHEN DO YOU THINKEL GET THE WHOLE CITY BACK? >> IT'S HARD TO TELL.

WE'RE CONCERNED ABOUT SAFETY.

THAT'S THE MOST IMPORTANT THING RIGHT NOW AND NOT MOVING SO FAST THAT WE GET AHEAD OF BEING SAFE.

WE'RE MOVING FROM WEST TO EAST.

WE HAVE A LOT OF DAMAGE AND HOMES ARE DAMAGED IN THE MARINA, THAT WILL PROBABLY BE THE LAST AREA.

THAT MAY BE SEVERAL DAYS.

WE ALSO HAVE GAS DAMAGE.

WE WANT TO MAKE SURE ALL THE GAS FACILITIES ARE SAFE BEFORE WE BRING ELECTRICITY BACK ON AND BEFORE WE START LIGHTING PILOT LI■HTS AGAIN.

>> IT'S NOT NECESSARILY BECAUSE OF ELECTRICITY, THE REASON THAT YOU WANT TO CLEAR THE GAS SAFETY FACTOR FIRST? >> IF THERE'ANY INDICATION OF GAS IN THE AREA, OF COURSE PEOPLE CAN SMELL IT, WE'RE NOT GOING TO GO AND TURN THE ELECTRICITY ON WITHOUT MAKING SURE THAT THINGS ARE SAFE.

WE'RE GOING TO BE WORKING IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA, AND THAT WILL BE A PRIMARY CONCERN IN THAT AREA TOO.

>> NOW, WHAT SHOULD PEOPLE DO, WHAT SHOULD A HOME OWNER DO, WHAT SHOULD A BUSINESSMAN, PERSON DO IN TERMS OF POWER AND GAS? >> THEY SHOULD THINK CLEARLY ABOUT WHAT THEY NEED AND WHAT THEY DON'T NEED.

THE SITUATION IS ONE WHERE WE DON'T HAVE ALL THE POWER WE NEED RIGHT NOW.

ANIT WILL BE VERY IMPORTANT THAT PEOPLE USE ONLY WHAT THEY ABSOLUTELY NEED.

TURN THINGS OFF, IF LAST NIGHT AT 5 CLOCK WHEN THE POWER WENT OUT THEY HAD LEFT SOME LIGHTS ON BE SURE TO TURN THEM OFF, DON'T USE APPLIANCES THAT YOU DON'T NEED.

IF YOU HAVE A BUSINESS, THINK ABOUT WHETHER YOU NEED EVERYTHING AT YOUR PLACE OF BUSINESS TOMORROW.

DON'T USE IT UNLESS IT'S ABSOLUTELY NECE■■ARY.

>> DON'T USE THOSE KNEE OWN SIGNS? >> NO.

WE'LL COMMUNICATE WELL WITH PEOPLE.

IF THERE'S ANY QUESTIONS BE SURE TO CALL US.

WE HAVE PHONE OPERATORS THERE.

LE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS, D TRY TO RELIEVE SOME OF THE TENSION THAT'S GOING ON RIGHT NOW.

WE HAVE VERY EXPERIENCED AND VERY PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES OUT THERE TRAINED IN SAFETY AND KNOWLEDGEABLE, THEY'RE HERE TO GET POWER AND GAS BACK INTO SAN FRANCISCO.

>> LET'S SAY I'M ■■A HOME OWNER AND THE EARTHQUAKE HIT AND I TURNED OFF MY GAS.

SHOULD I TURN IT BACK ON MYSELF OR SHOULD I CALL YOU? ■NO, I WOULD NOT TURN THE GAS ON MYSELF.

I THINK ONCE IT'S BEEN TURNED OFF, CALL US ■AND WE'LL AT THE APPROPRIATE TIME SEND SOMEONE OUT, TALK TO YOU ABOUT WHEN WE THINK WE CAN BE OUT AND MAKE SURE EVERYTHING IS ABSOLUTELY SAFE BEFORE WE TURN IT ON.

IF YOU HAVEN'T TURNED IT OFF, AND YOU DON'T SMELL GAS, AND YOU DON'T HAVE DAMAGE IN YOUR AREA, DON'T RUSH OUT AND TURN IT OFF, BECAUSE YOU THEN MAY HAVE TO WAIT QUITE A WHILE BEFORE WE CAN MEBACK AND RESTORE IT.

IF YOU HAVE ANY INDICATION OF SMELL, THEN TAKE ADEQUATE PRECAUTIONS.

>> YOU DEAL IN PG AND E WITH STORMS.

AND A LOT OF POWER OUTAGES.

IS THIS THE WORSE PROBLEM YOU FACE? >> I HAVEN'T THOUGHT ABOUT THAT VERY MUCH.

I LIVE FOR TODAY.

AND TODAY IS A VERY EXCITING DAY.

I HOPE WE DON'T HAVE ANYMORE LIKE THIS.

BUT IT'S TIME FOR PEOPLE TO ■■THINK ABOUT GAS AND ELECTRIC SAFETY, AND TO THINK ABOUT IT'S PRUDENT USE, AND THE NEXT FEW DAYS WE'LL TRY AND GET EVERYTHING BACK TO NORMAL.

BEAR WITH US.

WE'RE HERE TO TAKE CARE OF THINGS.

>> YOU'RE WATCHING THE COVERAGE BY OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO KRON AS THEY COVER FOR THEIR RESIDENTS THE AFTERMATH OF THE MAJOR EARTHQUAKE THAT STRUCK THEIR CITY AND SURROUNDING AREAS, ALMOST 1O HOURS AGO NOW.

AGAIN, AS FAR AS THE DEATH TOLL IS CONCERNED, THE CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL SAYS 25O PEOPLE KILLED.

THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE, A SPOKESMAN IN SACKMENT TOE SAYS 268 PEOPLE ARE DEAD.

THE SALLY OFFICE FOR EMERGENCY SERVICES HAS ABOUT 216.

THE BEST WE CAN SAY IS TO GIVE YOU THE INFORMATION WE HAVE 25O PEOPLE ARE BELIED TO HAVE LOST THEIR LIVES IN THIS MAJOR EARTHQUAKE THAT REGISTERED 6.

9, ALMOST 7 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

IT WAS CENTERED IN SANTA CRUZ CALIFORNIA.

THE MAJOR DAMAGE IS IN THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND AREA, ESPECIALLY IN OAKLAND ALONG A STRETCH OF ABOUT A MILE OF INTERSTATE 880 WHERE THE UPPER DECK OF THAT ROADWAY COLLAPSED ONTO THE LOWER DECK.

A NUMBER OF PEOPLE ARE STILL TRACHED IN THEIR CARS.

AND WE CAN EVEN ESTIMATE THE NUMBER OF FATALITIES OR INJURIES THERE.

ONE HOSPITAL SPOKESMAN, I THINK IT WAS HIGHLAND HOSPITAL SAID WE'RE NOT VERY BUSY NOBECAUSE MOST OF THE VICTIMS BROUGHT IN FROM THAT SECTION OF ROADWAY A■L ARE DEAD.

THERE IS ALSO A MAJOR PROBLEM ON THE HUGE OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE, A MAJOR THOROUGHFARE THERE CONNECTING OAKLAND AND SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE A SECTION OF THE UPPER BRIDGE HAS COLLAPSED ONTO THE LOWER SECTION OF THE BRIDGE.

DAMAGE ESTIMATES RANGE UPWARDS FROM $1 BILLION.

THE EPICENTER WAS IN SANTA CRUZ WHICH IS 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

LET'S GO NOW TO KELLY BROTHERS, HE IS THE ASSIGNMENT EDITOR FOR OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO, KC RA.

>> WE'RE HERE IN SACRAMENTO.

WE HAVE ALWAYS BEEN CLOKD IN A LITTLE BIT OF SAFETY BECAUSE WE FELT SAFER FROM EARTH QUAKES BUT THEY WITH ROLLED THROUGH HER TODAY.

>> WHAT DID IT FEEL LIKE? >> I ACTUALLY WAS HOME LOADING UP A CAR.

IT WAS STRANGE TO GIVE YOU SOME IDEA OF HOW THIS QUAKE ROLLED THROUGH THE VALLEY FROM THE BAY UP TO HERE.

I WAS OUT LOADING A CAR WHEN A NEIGHBORHOOD FEND CAME RUNNING OUT OF HIS HOUSE, WHO HAD BEEN WATCHING SAN RANCISCO TELEVISION, AND HE CAME RUNNING OUT AND SAID THERE HAS JUST BEEN A HUGE EARTHQUAKE IN SAN FRANCCO THEY HAD BEEN KNOCKED OFF THE AIR.

WE KIND OF LAUGHED AT HIM FOR A MINUTE.

ABOUT 1O OR 15 SECONDS LATER THE TREMOR ROLLED THROUGH NEARLY KNOCKING ■US OFF OUR FEET.

WE'VE HAD A FEW QUAKES BEFORE BUT NOTHING LIKE THIS.

IN A MERIT OF MOMENTS, TREES WERE SWAYING, CHANDELIERS SWAYING, EVEN WATER OUT OF SWIMMING POOLS.

>> HAVE THERE THAN REPORTS OF MAJOR DAMAGE IN THE SACRAMENTO AREA? >> NONE YET.

THERE HAS BEEN STATE BUILDINGS WITH CRACKS IN THE PLASTER, A LOT OF DEBRIS THROUGHOUT SOME OF THE STAIRWELLS, THERE HAVE BEEN A FEW REPORTS OF THINGS FALLING OFF SHELVES AND THAT SORT OF THING.

CERTAINLY NOT ON THE MAGNITUDE OF WHAT WE'VE SEEN IN THE BAY AREA.

>> THANK YOU, KELLY BROTHERS, OF KC RA TV OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SACRAMENTO CALIFORNIA.

AGAIN ABOUT A MILLION PEOPLE, NORTHERN CALIFORNIANS ARE WITHOUT ELECTRIC POWER.

THEY HOPE TO RESTORE THAT LATER TODAY.

ABOUT 500,000 PEOPLE ARE WITHOUT GAS.

AT THIS HOUR PEOPLE ON THE EAST COAST, THE EASTERN SECTION OF THE UNITED STATES ARE WAKING UP GETTING READY TO GO TO WORK PERHAPS FIRST LEARNING OF THIS.

A W MINUTES WE HEARD ON OUR KRON COVERAGE IN SAN FRANCISCO AN OFFICIAL WITH THE PHONE COMPANY WAS SAYING PLEASE DON'T CALL AND JAMB UP THEIR PHONE NES.

OBVIOUSLY IF YOU HAVE RELATIVES AND LOVED ONES WHO LIVE IN SAN FRANCISCO YOU WANT TO FIND OUT IF THEY'RE ALL RIGHT OR WHAT THE SITUATION IS.

WE DO KNOW AS FAR AS INJURIES AND FATALITIES, THAT NINE PEOPLE ARE REPORTED DEAD, IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THE MAJOR AREA AGAIN OF FATALITIES IS THAT ONE MILE STRETCH OR SO OF INTERSTATE 880 WHERE IT COLLAPSED DURING THE RUSH HOUR AT ABOUT 4 MINUTES AFTER 5 CLOCK SAN FRANCISCO TIME.

AND THAT'S WHERE THE GREAT AMOUNT OF THE FATALITIES ARE.

LET'S GO BACK TO SAN FRANCISCO AND JOIN THE COVERAGE OF OUR A FACILITY THERE.

[ PLEASE STA ■Y ] ] [ PLEASE STAND BY ]■■■■■■ [ PLEASE STAND BY ] PEOPLE ARE BEING KEPT OUT OF THE MARINA AREA.

SOMETIMES PEOPLE ARE ALLOWED IN IF THEY HAVE A DRIVER'S LICENSE AND SHOW GOOD REASON TO BE THERE.

THAT DOES NOT MEAN COMING INTO YOUR APARTMENT AND CHECKING ON YOUR EFFECTS.

WE HAVE A TRAGEDY TO REPORT HERE IN MARINA.

WE TOLD YOU ABOUT THE FIRE.

OUR BEST UNDERSTANDING ABOUT THE FIRE, THIS IS SUBJECT TO CONFIRMATION WHEN THE FIREFIGHTERS GO IN AFTER DAWN TOMORROW OR AFTER DAWN TODAY IS THAT 2 AND POSSIBLY 3 PEOPLE PERISHED IN THAT FIRE.

THEN ACROSS THE STREET FROM THAT THERE WAS THE BUILDING THAT COLLAPSED.

A 3 STORY BUILDING THAT WENT DOWN TO THE POINT WHERE IT — >> THIS IS A REPORT FROM A CORRESPONDENT FOR OUR NBC AFFILIATE IN SAN FRANCISCO KRON.

AS YOU SAW HE WAS REPORTING LIVE FROM THE SCENE OF THAT MAJOR FIRE THAT'S BEEN BURNING ALL NIGHT, CAUSED OF COU■■E BY THE SHOCK FROM THE EARTHQUAKE, THAT OCCURRED IN SAN FRANCISCO A LITTLE BIT AFTER 5 CLOCK PACIFIC COAST TIME JUST BEFORE THE WORLD SERIES GAME NUMBER 3 WAS TO GET UNDERWAY.

HERE IS WHAT WE KNOW AT THIS HOUR.

ABOUT 25O PEOPLE ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE DIED IN THE EARTHQUAKE.

IT MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

IT WAS ■CENTERED NEAR SANTA CRUZ CALLOWAY WAS 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

INJURY ESTIMATES ARE 4 TO 500 PEOPLE.

ABOUT A BILLION DOLLARS IN DAMAGE AT LEAST.

THAT BIG CERTAINLY EXPECTED TO GO HIGHER.

THERE HAVE BEEN REPORTS OF A LOT OF DAMAGE TO BUILD IS THROUGHOUT THE SAN FRANCISCO AND THE OAKLAND AREA.

BUT THE MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN, A STRETCH OF HIGHWAY 880, THE INTERSTATE IN OAKLAND WHERE A NUMBER OF PEOPLE WERE TRAPPED IN THEIR CARS WHEN A PART OF THE BRIDGE COLLAPSED OUR COVERAGE ON NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT WILL CONTINUE MOMENTARILY.

>> INTERSTATE 880 IN OAKLAND MOMENTS AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE HEIGHT.

CARS FALLING OFF THE BRIDGES OTHER CRUSHED.

25O PEOPLE CONFIRMED DEAD AND HUNDREDS MORE INJURED THIS MORNING.

THE POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE MEASURING 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA LAST EVENING.

IN ADDITION TO THE BRIDGE COLLAPSE.

BUILDINGS WERE TOPPLED AND FIRES BURNED THROUGH THE NIGHT.

GOOD MORNING, WHILE RESCUE OPERATIONS CONTINUE IN THE BAY AREA, EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS IN ■ WASHINGTON ARE GETTING READY TO SEND IN AID.

WE'LL HAVE LIVE REPORTS THIS MORNING FROM SAN FRANCISCO AND FROM WASHINGTON ON THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF "NBC NEWS AT SUNRISE".

I'M JOHN PALMER, THIS IS WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER THE 18TH.

OFFICIALS IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA SAY AT LEAST 25O PEOPLE ARE DEAD AND MORE THAN 500 INJURED FOLLOWING THAT POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE THAT ROCKED THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA LAST NIGHT.

THE QUAKE THAT MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE, IS THE SECOND LARGEST EVER RECORDED IN THE UNITED STATES.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT BOB JAMESON IS STANDING BY WITH MORE IN THIS REPORT FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

BOB, GOOD MORNING.

>> GOOD MORNING, JOHN.

SAN FRANCISCO AUTHORITIES WILL NOT BE ABLE TO BEGIN ASSESSING THE FULL EXTENT OF DAMAGE UNTIL SEVERAL HOURS FROM NOW AT FIRST LIGHT.

BUT IT IS ALREADY CLEAR THAT THOSE WHO HAVE WORKED THROUGH THE NIGHT HERE THAT GIVEN THE MAGNITUDE OF THE EARTHQUAKE THE NUMBER OF CASUALTIES AND THE EXTENT OF DESTRUCTION IN THE CITY ITSELF IS NOT WHAT IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN.

THERE IS POWER OUT ALL OVER THE ■CITY.

IT WENT DOWN THE MOMENT THE EARTHQUAKE HIT.

AUTHORITIES AREN'T SURE WHEN THAT POWER WILL BE RESTORED.

THEY SAID THEYMUST FIRST CHECK BUILDINGS FOR ANY GAS LEAKS TO PREVENT PLOSIONS ONCE THE ELECTRICITY IS TURNED ON.

MANY SCHOOLS AND BUSINESSES WILL REMAIN CLOSED TODAY WHILE AUTHORITIES CHECKED TO DETERMINE THE FULL EXTENT OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE THERE HAS BEEN IN SAN FRANCISCO ITSELF.

>> BONN, CAN YOU HEAR ME? >> YES, I CAN, JOHN.

>> WHERE WERE YOU WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE STRUCK? >> JOHN, I WAS SITTING IN THE UPPER DECK AT CANDLESTICK PARK WAITING FOR THE PREGAME CEREMONIES FOR GAME 3 OF THE WORLD SERIES TO BEGIN.

>> ■THAN A WAS THERE ANY SENSE OF PANIC AT ALL? >> NO SENSE OF PANIC AT ■ CANDLESTICK.

EVERYO KNEW IMMEDIATELY THAT IT WAS A EARTHQUAKE.

EVERYONE KNEW IT WAS A VERY BAD EARTHQUAKE IMMEDIATELY BECAUSE OF THE KIND OF JOLT THAT PRACTICALLY LIFTED YOU UP OUT OF YOUR SEAT.

THERE WAS NO PANIC I THINK IN PART BECAUSE WE WERE ALL OUT OF DOORS AND WE WERE ABLE TO ACTUALLY SEE THE STADIUM ROLL AS IF YOU WERE ON A SEA BOBING UP AND DOWN.

PEOPLE WERE TOO STUNNED IN THE FIRST MOMENTS AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE, I THINK TO PANIC.

WE SAW SEVERAL GROUPS OF PEOPLE RUNDOWN FROM THE UPPER DECK TOWARDS THE FIELD.

IT WAS ONLY A COUPLE OF SMALL GROUPS.

>> THANK YOU, BOB JAMIESON REPORTING LIVE FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

POLICE AND FIREFIGHTERS, PARAMEDICS AND EMERGENCY PERSONNEL HAVE BEEN WORKING OF COURSE THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT IN THE DARK TO FIND AND HELP THOSE INJURED IN THIS EARTHQUAKE.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT GEORGE LEWIS JOINS US NOW FROM THE SITE OF THE BAY BRIDGE COLLAPSE ON INTERSTATE 880.

GOOD MORNING, GEORGE? >> GOOD MORNING.

A PRETTY GRIM SEEN THIS MORNING.

THIS PART OF INTERSTATE 880 KNOWN AS THE CYPRUS SECTION LIES IN RUINS AND BENEATH THE RUBBLE THE BODIES OF AN UNDETERMINED NUMBER OF VICTIMS.

>> EVENING RUSH HOUR AND PEOPLE TRYING TO GET HOME TO CASH THE WORLD SERIES ON TV.

WHEN THE CAKE QUAKE HIT THE TOP LEVEL OF THE FREEY PAN CAKED INTO A LOWER LEVEL KILLING AS MANY AS 100 PEOPLE.

SOME CARS WERE THROWN OFF THE STRUCTURE FALLING 2O TO 3O PEOPLE TO THE GROUND.

A FRANTIC RESCUE EFFORT GOT UNDERWAY ALMOST IMMEDIATELY.

THE RESCUERS BRAIFG FURTHER COLLAPSES TO DRAG VICTIMS TO SAFETY.

MORE DEATHS ON THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE WHERE THE EARTHQUAKE COLLAPSED THE EASTERN PART OF THE STRUCTURE.

ENGINEERS SAY IT WILL BE SOMETIME BEFORE THE BRIDGE, ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS IN THE WORLD, WILL BE ABLE TO CARRY TRAFFIC AGAIN.

>> THE AUTHORITIES SAY THEY WON'T KNOW THE REAL DEATH TOOL UNTIL LATER TODAY WHEN HEAVY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT WILL BE MOVED IN TO PRY APART THE LAYERS OF THE COLLAPSED FREEWAY.

>> GEORGE, WHAT'S THE SCENE THERE NOW, CAN YOU DESCRIBE IT FOR US AS THEY GO ABOUT THIS TASK OF TRYING TO GET TO THOSE PEOPLE THAT HAVE BEEN CRUSHED IN THAT SITUATION? >> WELL, JOHN, ALL NIGHT LONG, RESCUE WORKERS HAVE BEEN SCRAMBLING OVER THE BRIDGE, SEARCHING FOR ANY SIGNS OF LIFE.

THEY SAY THEY HAVEN'T HEARD ANY SOUNDS FROM BENEATH THE COLLAPSED FREEWAY SECTION FOR A LONG TIME.

LATER ON, THEY'RE GOING TO USE DOGS TO TRY TO SEARCH FOR PEOPLE.

THEY HAVE NO IDEA OF THE DEATH TOLL AT THIS POINT.

THEY THOUGHT AS MANY AS A HUNDRED MIGHT BE TRAPPED UNDER THEIR EARLIER.

THEY HAVE REVISED THAT DOWNWARD.

THEY SAID THEY'VE BEEN ABLE TO CONFIRM ONLY 6 DEAD SO FAR.

THAT SEEMS TO BE A FAIRLY LOW ACCOUNT GIVEN THE FACT THIS DID OCCUR AT RUSH HOUR, AND THAT PEOPLE HERE, EYEWITNESSES SAY THEY SAW SCORES OF AUTOMOBILES TRAPPED BENEATH THE RUBBLE.

>> THANK YOU, GEORGE LEWIS.

JIM CEFALO WAS ■AT CANDLESTICK PARK COVERING THE WORLD SERIES FOR "NBC NEWS AT SUNRISE" WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HIT.

JIMMY THISORNING IS AT THE CENTRAL EMERGENCY COMMAND POST THERE IN SAN FRANCISCO.

WHAT CAN YOU TELL US, JIM? >> WELL, LAST NIGHT DURING THE GAME, BEFORE THE GAME ACTUALLY, IT WAS VERY CALM.

I WAS IN THE PARKING LOT WHEN THE■QUAKE OCCURRED RIGHT AFTER 5 CLOCK.

IT WAS 3O MINUTES BEFORE THE GAME WAS SCHEDULED TO BEGIN.

AND THE FANS WERE VERY CALM.

THE ONES IN THE PARKING LOT WENT INTO THE PARK AS IF THE GAME WAS ACTUALLY GOING TO TAKE PLACE.

THE ONES IN THE STADIUM REMAINED.

SOME OF THE BALL PLAYERS REALIZING HA WHAT WAS GOING ON RAN OUT INTO THE MIDDLE OF THE FIELD, THE SAFEST AREA AND TRIED TO FIND THEIR FAMILIES AND FRIENDS.

MANY OF THE PLAIRGS AND WIEFRS SEEMED TO BE THE MOST SHAKEN OF THE GROUP.

IT TOOK ABOUT 3O TO 4O■ MINUTES FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE STANDS TO ■■LEAVE TH BALLPARK.

IT ■WAS A QUI ORDERLY CROWD.

SEVERAL HOURS AFTERWDS I HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO DRIVE THROUGH THE CITY.

MOST OF THE POWER WAS DOWN.

THE TRAFFIC LIGHTS WERE NOT WORKING.

BUT THERE WERE MANY, MANY FIREFIGHTERS AND POLICEMEN IN THE STREETS TRYING TO KEEP ORDER.

SO A VERY QUIET CROWD AT CANDLESTICK PARK THAT ACCEPTED WHAT HAPPENED AND LEFT VERY QUIETLY.

>> IT'S D-FRL TO TALK ABOUT THE GAME OF BASEBALL AT THIS POINT GIVEN THE MAGNITUDE OF THIS TRAGEDY.

WHAT ABOUT THE 3RD GAME OF THE WORLD SERIES, THE COMMISSIONER I UNDERSTAND IS GOING TO MEET TODAY TO MAKE A DECISION ON TH-FRJTS EXACTLY.

FAY VINCENT THE ■■ COMMISSIONER OF BASEBALL IS ING TO MEET WITH THE HIERARCHY OF THE SUPPORT.

THERE ARE ARCHITECTS LOOKING AT CANDLESTICK PARK.

A COUPLE OF AT TIFRS BEING TALKED ABOUT ONE THE POSSIBILITY OF MOVING THE SERIES TO JACK MURPHY STADIUM IN SAN DIEGO OR THE POSSIBILITY OF GOING TO DODGER STADIUM.

IT DOES NOT APPEAR THAT A WORLD SERIES GAME WILL TAKE PLACE AT LEAST TODAY OR TOMORROW AT CANDLESTICK PARK IN SAN FRANCISCO.

>> JIMMY CEFALO REPORTING LIVE FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

IN WASHINGTON WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN SAY THAT PRESIDENT BUSH HAS BEEN BRIEFED ON DEVELOPMENTS IN SAN FRANCISCO THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT.

AND LAST EVENING THE PRESIDENT SENT TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY SAMUEL SKINNER TO THE BAY AR TO ASSESS CONDITIONS THERE.

■ MEANWHILE FEDERAL EMERGENCY OFFICIALS ARE ALREADY GEARING UP TO HELP.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT BOB HAGER IS AT THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT HEADQUARTERS IN WASHINGTON.

>> JOHN, THIS CRISIS HITS JUST AS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE AGENCIES RELIEF PEOPLE ARE STILL ALL DOWN IN THE CARIBBEAN AND IN THE CAROLINAS STILL CLEANING UP IN THE AFTERMATH OF HUGO.

ON THAT ONE THEY WERE ACCUSED OF MOVING OUT SLOWLY.

AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE HIT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT MOVED QUICKLY TO GET ORGANIZED.

THE FEDERAL >>> THE FEDERAL OPERATIONS CENTER HERE LOOKS LIKE THIS, WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF 25 FEDERAL AGENCIES GATHERED AROUND ONE TABLE, GETTING REPORTS.

PRESIDENT BUSH DISPATCHED TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY SAM SKINNER TO THE SCENE.

>> OUR MAIN CONCERN ON BEHALF OF THE PRESIDENT AND THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE CONGRESSMEN THAT ARE HERE AND EVERYBODY ELSE, IS TO MAKE SURE THAT THE HUMANE SIDE OF THIS ISSUE, THAT HUMAN LIFE, EVERYTHING IS BEING DONE AND THAT WE ARE COORDINATING EVERYTHING THAT CAN BE DONE.

THE RED CROSS ALSO FIRED UP A WASHINGTON OPERATION AND SAID THEY'D BE SENDING IN NURSES, EMERGENCY VEHICLES, AND MORE.

RED CROSS VICE PRESIDENT GEORGE HUTCHENS.

>> WE KNOW THAT FROM THE LOS ANGELES AREA THEY'RE SENDING UP COTS AND THE TYPE OF THINGS THAT ARE NEEDED TO OPEN SHELTERS AND TO HAVE MPORARY SHELTERS IF THAT'S NECESSARY.

>> IT'S I R-B I CAN JUST A MONTH AGO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WILL A PRACTICE EMERGENCY DRILL OUT IN SACRAMENTO.

FOR THEIR MAKE BELIEVE EMERGENCY THEY CHOSE A EARTHQUAKE OF 7.

5 MAGNITUDE ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

>> WE'LL HAVE MUCH MORE ON THE SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AND OTHER NEWS AFTER THIS.

YOU'RE WATCHING "NBC NEWS AT SUNRISE".

■ AIL MOW RICHTER SCALE NOBODY HILL THINK BUTTER HAS A TON OF CALORIES? THINK AGAIN.

BUTTER HAS JUST 36 CALORIES A PAT THE SAME AS MARGARINE.

SO FOR NO MORE CALORIES, YOU GET BUTTER'S GREAT TASTE.

DELICIOUS DAIRY BUTTER.

>> AS WE HAVE BEEN REPORTING A DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE BELIEVED TO BE THE BIGGEST SINCE THE SO-CALLED GREAT QUAKE OF 1906 HAS ROCKED THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

OFFICIALS THERE SAY AT LEAST 25O PEOPLE ARE DEAD, MORE THAN 500 PEOPLE INRED.

THE QUAKE MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

SECOND ONLY TO THE 8 REGISTERED BY THE 1906 EARTHQUAKE.

NBC SCIENCE CORRESPONDENT BOB BAZELL IS DOWN AT CAPE CANAVERAL WHERE HE HAS BEEN PREPARING FOR TODAY'S RESCHEDULED LAUNCH OF THE "ATLANTIS" SPACE SHUTTLE.

HE HAS MORE ON THE SITUATION IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

GOOD MORNING, BOB? >> I AM LIKE MANY OTHER PEOPLE HAVE FRIENDS AND RELATIVES IN SAN FRANCISCO, AND ON A PERSONAL NOTE PEOPLE ALL OVER THE COUNTRY LAST NIGHT WERE CALLING, CALLS WERE POURING IN TO FIND OUT WHETHER EVERYBODY WAS OK.

I FOUND OUT THAT MY FAMILY WAS FINE, AND JUST THE EMOTIONAL FEELING OF THAT IS SORT OF OVERWHELMING JUST TALKING TO MY MOTHER, AND HER DESCRIBING HER PLATES FALLING OFF THE WALLS IN HER HOUSE, AND THE STRUCTURES CRACKING, EVEN THOUGH THERE WAS NO SERIOUS DAMAGE.

THIS IS NOT SOMETHING OF COURSE THAT WAS UNEXPECTED.

WE TALKED ABOUT THIS A LOT.

THE POSSIBILITY OF A BIG EARTHQUAKE STRIKING SAN FRANCISCO WAS WELL-KNOWN.

THE FACT IT CAME WAS OF COURSE A GREAT SHOCK.

AS FAR AS THE SPACE SHUTTLE BY THE WAY, THERE WAS — THERE IS A SPACE COMMAND CENTER IN SUNNYVALE CALIFORNIA WHICH IS SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

WE NOW HAVE WORD FROM NASA THERE WAS NO DAMAGE TO PREVENT THE ATTEMPTED LAUNCH TODAY WHICH IS SUPPOSED TO TAKE PLACE AT 12:5O EASTERN TIME.

>> DO YOU DO EXPECT A LAUNCH TODAY? >> WEATHER PERMITTING THERE IS A BIG PROBLEM WITH THE WEATHER.

FORECAST IS 60% OF SHOWERS THAT WILL PREVENT THE LAUNCH.

WE HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL THIS AFTERNOON TO FIND OUT ABOUT THAT.

>> THANKS, BOB BAZELL FOR THAT ARE THE ROW.

LET'S DO A CHECK IN WITH THE WEATHER DEPARTMENT ■AND NBC'S JOE WITTE.

>> GOOD MORNING, EVERYONE.

AND INDEED WE HAVE DO HAVE WET WEATHER UP AND DOWN THE EAST COAST AND A VERY COLD SITUATION FOR THE OHIO VALLEY.

WE'RE GOING TO SEE SNOW FOR PARTS OF THE OHIO VALLEY.

TAKE A LOOK AT THE WEATHER MAP.

YOU SEE RAINS IN THE SOUTH.

WORKING ITS WAY UP TO THE EAST COAST.

SNOW FLAKES IN PARTS OF KENTUCKY, INDIANA AND OHIO.

THE COLDEST WIND SO ■FAR THIS SEASON.

SNOW FLAKES OUT WEST.

AFTERNOON HIGHS TAKE A LOOK AT THIS.

IT'S GOING TO BE LIKE MUCH LIKE THE MONTH OF DECEMBER.

HIGHS IN THE 3O'S AND 4O'S.

THAT'S MY NATIONAL WEATHER.

MORE LATER.

JOHN.

>> AND COMING UP MORE ON THIS DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE IN SAN FRANCISCO WHERE AT LAST REPORT 25O PEOPLE HAVE LOST THEIR LIVES.

ABOUT 500 PEOPLE INJURED.

YOU' UNDETERMINED NUMBER OF VICTIMS.

>> EVENING RUSH HOUR AND PEOPLE TRYING TO GET HOME TOASH THE WORLD SERIES ON TV.

WHEN THE CAKE QUAKE HIT THE TOP LEVEL OF THE FREEWAY PAN CAKED INTO A LOWER LEVEL KILLING AS MANY AS 100 PEOPLE.

SOME CARS WERE THROWN OFF THE STRUCTURE FALLING 2O TO 3O PEOPLE TO THE GROUND.

A FRANTIC RESCUE EFFORT GOT UNDERWAY ALMOST IMMEDIATELY.

THE RESCUERS BRAIFG FURTHER COLLAPSES TO DRAG VICTIMS TO SAFETY.

MORE DEATHS ON THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE WHERE THE EARTHQUAKE COLLAPSED THE EASTERN PART OF THE STRUCTURE.

ENGINEERS SAY IT WILL BE SOMETIME BEFORE THE BRIDGE, ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS IN THE WORLD, WILL BE ABLE TO CARRY TRAFFIC AGAIN.

>> E AUTHORITIES SAY THEY WON'T KNOW THE REAL DEATH TOOL UNTIL LATER TODAY WHEN HEAVY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT WILL BE MOVED IN GUMBEL>>> GOOD MORNING.

THE PICTURES FROM THE BAY AREA CAN ONLY BEGIN TO TELL THE STORY OF THE TRAGEDY STILL UNFOLDING THERE.

THE MAJOR EARTHQUAKE THAT HIT AT THE HEIGHT OF TUESDAY'S RUSH HOUR CONTINUES TO HAVE CONSEQUENCES.

THE DEATH TOLL HAS REACHED AT LEAST 25O AND AUTHORITIES FEAR WILL GO MUCH HIGHER.

AN ADDITIONAL 6 HUNDRED OR MORE INJURIES HAVE BEEN CONFIRMED.

THAT NUMBER TOO EXPECTED TO SORE.

THE PHYSICAL DAMAGE IS MASSIVE.

WHOLE BUILDINGS COLLAPSED OR BURNED.

PAYMENTS BUCKLED, BRIDGE DESTROYED AND POWER OUT.

AFTER WORKING THROUGH THE NIGHT AUTHORITIES IN NEED OF DAYLIGHT ARE STILL DIGGING OUT SURVIVORS.

STILL ASSESSING THE DAMAGE TO THE BEAUTIFUBAY AREA NOW A DISASTER AREA.

CAPTIONS PAID FOR BYNATIONAL BROADCASTINGCOMPANY, INC.

WEDNESDAY MORNING I'M BRYANT GUMBEL ALONG WITH JANE PAULEY AND DEBORAH NORVILLE.

WE GREET YOU FROM CHICAGO THIS MORNING.

WE PLANNED A CELEBRATION OF SORTS BUT EVENTS IN CALIFORNIA HAVE CLEARLY PROMPTED A CHANGE IN OUR PLANS.

E EARTHQUAKE THAT STRUCK THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA LAST NIGHT MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

SCIENTISTS SAY IT IS NOT THE BIG ONE THEY'VE BEEN PREDICTING FOR SO LONG.

BUT IT HAS RESULTED IN A MAJOR TRAGEDY.

AND SO FOR THE NEXT 5 ■HOUR ON A SPECIAL EXTENDED ADDITION OF TODAY ON THIS WEDNESDAY MORNING WE'RE GOING TO BE FOCUSING EXCLUSIVELY ON THE EARTHQUAKE STORY AND THE EFFORTS TO KEEP WITH ITS EFFECTS.

IN JUST A MOMENT WE'RE GOING TO BE TURNING TO JANE.

YOU HAVE SOME EYEWITNESSES.

>> THE QUESTION YOU HAVE TO ASK YOURSELF IF YOU WEREN'T THERE, WHAT IF I WAS, WOULD I RATHER BE SAFE AT HOME, OR WOULD YOU LIKE TO BE ON THE ROAD DURING RUSH HOUR? BECAUSE WHEREVER YOU WERE, YOU WERE VULNERABLE TO THIS.

>> THERE WERE CERTAINLY NO SHORTAGE OF EYEWITNESSES IT STRUCK AT 5:04 PACIFIC TIME.

SHORTLY AFTER JANE IS DONE WITH THE EYEWITNESSES DEBORAH IS GOING TO GIVE US THE NEWS INCLUDING SOME OF OUR CORRESPONDENTS.

>> WE HAD PEOPLE WHO WERE THERE BECAUSE GAME 3 OF THE WORLD SERIES WAS THERE LAST NIGHT SO WE HAD OUR TEAM OUT THERE.

COINCIDENTALLY THEY'RE COVERING A DIFFERENT STORY.

SO WE'LL BE TALKING WITH THEM.

>> WE'RE GOING TO BE DOING THIS ON THE FLY.

WE BEGIN BY GOING TO SAN FRANCISCO'S EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER IN THE HEART OF THE CITY.

WHERE WE ARE EXPECTING — MR.

FARRELL IS NOT WITH US, THE DEPOSITION DIE FIRE CHEF.

LET'S GET TO HIM IN JUST A MOMENT.

IN THE INTERIM LET'S TALK TO SOME OF THE PEOPLE YOU HAVE ON BEHIND.

>> HA LEAN WARWICK WAS LIKE MANY PEOPLE IN THE AREA, SIMPLY COOKING HER DINNER.

SHE LIVES ON THE 4TH FLOOR OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE MARINE AREA.

YOU'VE BEEN FOLLOWING THE NEWS, YOU KNOW THAT IS PROBABLY NOT THE BEST PLACE TO BE.

GOOD MORNING, AND HOW ARE YOU THIS MORNING? >> I'M SHAKY, BUT I'M A LIVE AND I FEEL VERY LUCKY TO BE ALIVE TODAY.

>> HOW NEAR YOUR HOME ARE YOU STANDING AS WE LOOK AT YOU? >> I'M STANDING ABOUT 3 BLOCKS FROM MY FORMER HOME.

IT COLLAPSED DOWN, I WAS ON THE 3RD FLOOR, SIMILAR TO THIS BUILDING BEHIND ME.

AND THE FLOOR IT CAME — IT CAME DOWN SO THAT I WAS, WHEN I GOT THROUGH THE BUILDING I COULD WALK OUT OF MY FRONT WINDOW.

>> YOUR 3RD FLOOR KITCHEN WAS NOW ON GROUND LEVEL IS WHAT YOU'RE SAYING? >> THAT'S RIGHT.

>> DESCRIBE THE 15 SECONDS BEFORE YOU STEPPED OUT ONTO THE GROUND LEVEL? >> WELL, IT WAS SHAKING, AND WE SAN FRANCISCO ■PEOPL KNOW WHAT TO DO.

I WENT INTO THE BEST STRUCTURES PLACE I HAVE IN MY APARTMENT AND I STOOD IN MY BEDROOM DOOR AND IT WAS GOING LIKE THIS.

THEN THE PLASTER STARTED TO FALL.

THE PICTURES FELL AND I SAW MY BEAUTIFUL CABINET GOING CRASHING DOWN ON THE FLOOR.

THENITH A SUDDEN THRUST I HIT THE FLOOR AND I GOT UP AGAIN AND I GOT HIT IN THE HEAD WITH SOME PLASTER.

BUT I MANAGED TO GET UP AND TRY TO GET MY FRONT DOOR OPEN WHICH WAS JAMMED CLOSED.

AND SO THEN I THOUGHT MAYBE I CAN GET OUT THROUGH THE FIRE ESCAPE.

BECAUSE I DIDN'T KNOW THAT I WAS DOWN ON THE GROUND FLOOR.

I THOUGHT I STILL HAD TO MANAGE TO GET MY WAY OUT OF THE BUILDING.

■ AND I WAS YELLING, AND THEN I HEARD CARL'S VOICE.

HE SAID TO THE FRONT, TO THE FRONT.

AND I LOOKED AND I SAW A PAIR OF LEGS THROUGH MY WINDOW WHICH IS VERY UNLIKE WHAT I NORMALLY SEE.

AND I WALKED OUT OF MY FRONT WINDOW TO SAFETY.

>> IS CARL YOUR HUSBAND? >> I'M NOT ■MARRIED.

>> CARLIS AN IMPORTANT PERSON IN YOUR LIFE? >> I'M SINGLE.

>> LOOKS LIKE WE HAVE LOST YOU.

THANK YOU FOR BEING WITH US THIS MORNING AND GOOD ■■LUC TO YOU.

>> LET'S GO NOW TO SAN FRANCISCO EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER IN THE HEART OF THAT CITY WHERE WE ARE JOINED BY SAN FRANCISCO'S DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE FARRELL.

GOOD MORNING, CHIEF FARRELL? CHIEF FARRELL, THIS IS GRUL IN CHICAGO, CAN YOU HEAR ME.

WE UNDERSTAND THAT DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF FARRELL IS IN THE PROCESS OF GETTING LASHED UPRIGHT NOW.

WE SHOULD TELL YOU OUR COMMUNICATIONS ARE GOING TO PROVE EXTRAORDINARILY DIFFICULT THIS MORNING IN PART BECAUSE THERE ARE SO MANY POWER OUTAGES, ALSO IN GREAT PART BECAUSE MOST OF THE PEOPLE WHO WE'LL BE TALKING TO HAVE BEEN WORKING THROUGH THE NIGHT.

WE'RE LOW ON THEIR PRIORITY LIST LET'S SAY IS TO TALK WITH US.

WE APPRECIATE WHATEVER TIME THEY CAN GIVE US.

WHILE HE'S STILL TRYING TO GET LASHED UP LET'S GO WITH THE NEWS.

>> IT IS REMARKABLE THAT WE DO HAVE ANY COMMUNICATIONS AT ALL WITH THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA WHEN YOU SEE WHAT THE EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE THERE IS YOU REALIZE THIS IS INDEED A MAJOR EVENT THAT HAS TAKEN PLACE.

PEOPLE HAVE BEEN WORKING AROUND THE CLOCK.

A COUPLE OF ADJECTIVES THAT HAVE BEEN USED TO DESCRIBE WHAT'S BEEN GOING ON IN STPHRAN, GIVE YOU A SENSE OF HOW DISASTEROUS THE EARTH QUAKE HAS BEEN, DEVASTATING, CATASTROPHIC, BEYOND IMAGINATION.

THE FULL EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE IN THE BAY AREA WOULDN'T BE KNOW UNTIL THE DAWN BREAKS, INITIAL REPORTS FROM THE CALIFORNIA OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES INDICATES THAT AT LEAST 25O PEOPLE ARE DEAD, MORE THAN 600 PEOPLE ARE INJURED, PERHAPS AS MUCH AS A BILLION DOLLARS IN DAMAGE, BUT AGAIN ALL OF THESE ARE PRELIMINARY FIGURES SUBJECT TO CHANGE AS OFFICIALS GET A BETTER HANDLE ON WHAT EXACTLY THE SITUATION IN CALIFORNIA IS.

CALIFORNIANS HAVE ALWAYS SAID WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HITS THEWORST POSSIBLE TIME WOULD BE RUSH HOUR.

WELL, IT WAS 5:04 P.

M.

LOCAL TIMERUSH HOUR.

BOB JAMESON WAS THERE AT THE TIME.

HE WAS THERE TO COVER THE WORLD SERIES.

HE IS THERE IN THE MARINA DISTRICT IN SAN FRANCISCO WHERE A DEVASTATING FIRE DESTROYED AN ENTIRE CITY BLOCK, BURNED OUT OF CONTROL FOR HOURS.

GIVE US A SENSE OF THE SITUATION THIS MORNING? >> THERE WERE NO MORE AFTER SHOCKS, DEBORAH, IN SAN FRANCISCO DURING THE NIGHT.

THAT WAS OF LITTLE COMFORT.

THE MOMENT OF THE SUDDEN SHARP EARTHQUAKE AND THE GROWING REALIZATION OF THE EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE IN THE BAY AREA HAS LEFT THIS CITY IN SHOCK NO MATTER THAT THE PROBABILITY OF ANOTHER BIG EARTHQUAKE HAS EVER BEEN VERY FAR FROM ANY ONE'S THOUGHTS.

>> WHEN THE QUAKE HIT JUST AT THE EVENING RUSH HOUR THOUSANDS OF WORKERS POWERED FROM OFFICE BUILDINGS INTO THE STREETS.

SOME IN PANIC.

BUT FEW OF THE BUILDINGS SUFFERED SEVERE DAMAGE.

AT CANDLESTICK PARK PREGAME CEREMONIES FOR THE WORLD SERIES WERE ABOUT TO BEGIN.

CANDLESTICK ROCKED AND GIRDERS –.

THE 5O,000 ALREADY IN THEIR SEATS FOR GAME 3 DID NOT PANIC.

MOST SAT OR STOOD, STUNNED BY WHAT HAD HAPPENED.

AS SOME FANS LEFT WITH EVIDENCE OF THE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO THE STADIUM CAUSED BY THE QUAKE OFFICIALS CALLED OFF THE GAME.

TONIGHT'S'S CONTEST IS IN DOUBT.

PHYSICAL FROM CANDLESTICK WAS A HUGE CLOUD OF SMOKE THAT HUNG OVER SAN FRANCISCO.

IT ROSE FROM THE CITY'S MARINA DISTRICT WHERE THE MOST SERIOUS DAMAGE AD ALL OF THE DEATHS WERE CONFINED.

A LARGE APARTMENT BUILDING BURST INTO A ROARING FIRE WHEN A GAS MAIN RUPTURED BY THRTHQUAKE EXPLODED.

FIREMEN FOUGHT THE BLAZE FOR HOURS BEFORE BRINGING IT UNDER CONTROL.

SO FAR THEY HAVE FOUND 3 BODIES IN THE WRECKAGE.

5 OTHER PEOPLE WERE KILLED NEARBY WHEN A BRICK WALL CL-PSED BURYING THEM.

AND AT LEAST ANOTHER HUNDRED WERE INJURED.

THE SAN FRANCISCO AIRPORT CLOSED MOMENTS AFTER THE QUAKE BECAUSE OF DAMAGE TO THE TOWER AND RUNWAYS.

THOUSANDS OF TRAVELERS WERE STRANDED.

MUCH OF THE CITY'S TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM INCLUDING THE AREAS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM SHUT DOWN.

A POWER OUTAGE CUT ELECTRICITY TO MILLIONS OF RESIDENTS.

TRAFFIC MOVED THROUGH SAN FRANCISCO WITH VOLUNTEERS KEEPING WATCH OVER INTERSECTIONS.

IT IS NOT CERTAIN HOW SOON POWER OR TRANSPORTATION WILL BE RESTORED IN SAN FRANCISCO.

MANY SCHOOLS ARE CLOSED TODAY AND MANY BUSINESSES HAVE TOLD THEIR WORKERS TO STAY AT HOME.

>> BOB, YOU REPORTED THAT AT THE CANDLESTICK PARK IT WAS GENERALLY AN ORDERLY CROWD THAT LEFT THE STADIUM TO GO ON THEIR WAY HOME.

■■ WHAT ABOUT THE REST OF THE CITY.

WERE THE REPORTS OF PANIC, PANDEMONIUM BREAKING OUT AS THE EARTHQUAKE HIT? >> THERE WERE SOME REPORTS OF PANIC WORKERS RUNNING OUT OF OFFICE BUILDINGS IN CERTAIN SECTIONS OF SAN FRANCISCO.

THAT APPARENTLY LASTED FOR A BRIEF PERIOD OF TIME, AND THEN WAS OVER WITH.

>> I KNOW IT'S DIFFICULT FOR YOU TO GET INFORMATION WHERE YOU ARE.

ANY MISSING PERSONS REPORTS TO GIVE US A SENSE OF WHAT WE MIGHT BE LEARNING LATER ON IN TERMS OF POSSIBLE DEATHS, INJURIES, PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN TRAPPED AND UNABLE TO BE RESCUED? >> THERE ARE SEVERENCE GOING ON IN THE BURNED OUT BUILDINGS IN THE MARINA DISTRICT WITH DOGS BEING EMPLOYED TO TRY TO FIND IF THERE ARE ANYMORE BODIES INSIDE THOSE BUILDINGS.

WE'VE HAD NO MISSING PERSON REPORTS PER SE.

THAN AND MAYOR ART AGNOS HAS SAID HE BELIEVES THE DEATH DOLL IN SAN FRANCISCO ITSELF IS 8 OF THE.

>> BOB JAMIESON WE'LL BE CHECKING IN WITH YOU THROUGHOUT THE MORNING.

AFTER THE INITIAL QUAKE AS BOB MENTIONED THERE WERE AT LEAST 4 AFTER SHOCKS THE LARGEST MEASURED 4.

7 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

WHILE THE DEVASTATION FROM THE QUAKE IS MASSIVE AND WIDESPREAD, THE LARGEST LOSS OF LIFE SEEMS TO HAVE OCCURRED IN OAKLAND ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE BAY.

THAT OF COURSE IS WHERE THAT 18 BLOCK SPAN OF THE FREEWAY COLLAPSED CRUSHING PERHAPS AS MANY AS 200 CARS.

THAT'S WHERE WE FIND GEORGE LEWIS THIS MORNING.

>> IT'S A PRETTY GRIM SEEN HERE AT THE EAST END OF THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE, A SECTION OF INTERSTATE 80 KNOWN AS THE CYPRUS SECTION.

IT JUST COLLAPSED AND POLICE DON'T KNOW AT THIS HOUR HOW MANY BODIES MIGHT LIE BENEATH THE RUBBLE.

THE COLLAPSE CAME AT THE WORST POSSIBLE TIME EVENING RUSH HOUR.

POLICE SAID THEY COULD CONFIRM ONLY 6 FATALITIES BUT FEARED AT LEAST 100 WEREEAD CRUSHED WHEN THE TOP LAYER OF THE FREEWAY COLLAPSED INTO A LOWER LEVEL.

A FRANTIC RESCUE EVIDENT GOT UNDERWAY ALMOST IMMEDIATELY.

BYSTANDERS, ORDINARY CITIZENS SCRAMBLING OVER THE CONCRETE PUTTING THEIR OWN LIVES AT RISK TO SAVE OTHERS.

ONE OF THE CIVILIAN RESCUERS TALKED OF HIS EFFORT TO SAVE A MAN TRAPPED IN HIS OWN CAR? >> THE GUY IN THE WHITE CAR WAS VERY BAD CRASHED INTO THE CAR.

TRIED TO GET HIM OUT.

WE COULDN'T FORCE THE CAR TO TRY TO GET HIM UP.

SO WE TRIED TO LIFT HIM UP.

THE ONLY PART OF THE SIDE OF HIM, HIS CHEST WAS COVERED HIS LEFT AND RIGHT ARM WERE FREE.

>> MORE DEATHS ON THE SAN FRANCISCO OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE ONE OF THE MOST FAMOBRIDGES IN THE WORLD WHEN THE EASTERN PART OF THE BRIDGE WAS COLLAPSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.

IT WILL BE SOMETIME BEFORE THE BRIDGE IS BACK TO NORMAL.

>> POLICE WERE OUT HERE JUST A LITTLE WHILE AG TRYING TDO PY THE NUMBER OF CASUALTIES HERE ON THE COLLAPSED SECTION OF THE FREEWAY.

THEY SAID THEY ONLY HAD 6 CONFIRMED DEATHS THUS FAR, 4O INJURIES THEY DON'T REALLY KNOW THE TOTAL DEATH COUNT.

THEY WON'T KNOW UNTIL DAYLIGHT WHEN HEAVY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT WILL BE MOVED IN HERE TO1START PRYING APART THE COLLAPSED SECTION OF THE FREEWAY.

>> IS THERE ANY INDICATION THERE MIGHT ACTUALLY BE PEOPLE STILL ALIVE IN THE RUBBLE THERE? >> NO SIGNS OF LIFE THUS FAR.

THEY'VE BEEN LISTENING FOR SOUNDS.

NO INDICATION OF THAT.

THE AUTHORITIES ARE GOING TO MOVE DOGS IN LATER ON TO CHECK FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF HUMAN LIFE THEY DON'T THINK ANYBODY IS TRAPPED A LIFE HERE AT THIS POINT.

>> THAT IS INDEED SAD NEWS.

BAD AS THE SITUATION IN THE BAY AREA IS, IT DID NOT BEAR THE BRUNT OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

THE QUAKE WAS ACTUALLY CENTERED ABOUT 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO IN SANTA CRUZ WHICH IS LOCATED ON THE MONTEREY PENINSULA.

DAMAGE IS STAGGERING, WIDE SECTIONS OF THE TOWN COMPLETELY LEVELED.

NBC NEWS ROGER O'NEIL HAS A FIRST LOOK AT THE DAMAGE.

>> NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS ARE NOW PATROLLING THE STREETS OF SANTA CRUZ SPECIFICALLY THE 7 BLOCK LONG PACIFIC GARDEN MALL, THE BRICK BUILDINGS ALL OF THEM DAMAGED MANY OF THE ROADS COLLAPSED INTO THE GROUND FLOOR ALONG WITH THE PACIFIC GARDEN MALL.

THERE IS NO ELECTRICITY HERE.

THE WATER IS NOT SAFE TO DRINK.

8 SQUARE BLOCKS OF A RESIDENTIAL AREA HAVE BEEN EVACUATED BECAUSE OF GAS LEAKS.

IT IS A BIT SCARY HERE AS FIRST LIGHT IS BEGINNING TO APPROACH.

OFFICIALS WANT TO TAKE A CLOSER LOOK.

ALREADY HOWEVER IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, OFFICIALS ARE ESTIMATING DAMAGE AT 35O MILLION DOLLARS.

THERE HAS BEEN SOME SPORADIC LOOTING BUT NOTHING TO BECAUSE POLICE A GREAT DEAL OF CONCERN.

MOST PEOPLE ARE STAYING AT HOME WAITING FOR SOME LIGHT TO COME SO THEY CAN SEE HOW BADLY DAMAGED THEIR PROPERTY IS.

THE POLICE CHIEF TOLD ME IF THIS WASN'T T BIG QUAKE HE DOESN'T THINK SANTA CRUZ CAN TAKE ANYTHING BIGGER.

>> I IMAGINE THERE ARE A LOT OF FOLKS THAT AGREE WITH HIM ON THAT.

AS TERRIBLE AS THE DESTCTION IN CALIFORNIA IS A LOT OF PEOPLE TODAY ARE TAKING HEART IN THE FACT THAT THE DEVASTATION ISN'T FAR WORST.

LAST WINTER'S QUAKE IN ARMENIA WAS AT SIMILAR STRENGTH ON THE RICHTER SCALE BUT 25,000 PEOPLE DIED THERE.

PEOPLE TAKING HEART IN TAILS OF RESCUE LIKE THE ONE OF A 5O-YEAR OLD MAN WHO'S CAR WAS FLATTENED TO 18 INCHES.

THAT MAN WAS PULLED FROM THE WRECKAGE OF HIS CAR VIRTUALLY UNINJURED.

>> SOME OF THE GOOD MIRROR KUELS WE'LL CONTINUE TO EXPLORE.

>> THERE ARE ALL TOO FEW.

>> FOR A THIRD TIME LET'S GO TO SAN FRANCISCO'S EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER IN THE HEART OF THAT CITY AND MIKE FARRELL WHO IS THE DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF, WHILE THE ACTING FIRE CHIEF WHILE THE FIRE CHIEF IS OUT OF TOWN.

OFFICIALLY CAN YOU GIVE ME AN OVERVIEW? WHAT KIND OF CONDITION ARE YOU IN THIS MORNING? >> I THINK PRETTY WELL SETTLED DOWN HERE NOW.

THINGS ARE VERY HECTIC FOR THE FIRST COUPLE OF HOURS FOR ABOUT THE 1ST 4 HOURS WE HAD AUT 400 INCIDENTS WE RESPONDED TO.

WHERE NORMALLY WE RESPOND TO ABOUT 175 INCIDEN IN THE WHOLE 24-HOUR PERIOD.

>> DO YOU HAVE ANY FIRES STILL BURNING RIGHT NOW.

I KNOW BOB JAMIESON TOLD US THE BIG MARINA FIRE IS UNDER CONTROL? >> THE BIG MARINA FIRE IS UNDER CONTROL.

WE STILL HAVE UNITS ON THE SCENE MOPPING UP.

WE'LL BE THERE PROBABLY THROUGH MOST OF TOMORROW OR TODAY ACTUALLY.

>> BOB ALSO TOLD US YOU HAVE SEVERENCE STILL UNDERWAY.

HAVE YOU BEEN ABLE TO GET TO ALL AREAS OF THE CITY THAT HAVE BEEN HIT? >> WE'VE BEEN ABLE TO GET AROUND THE CITY ALL RIGHT.

WE HAVE SOME BUILDINGS IN THE MARINA THAT ARE NOT SAFE FOR OUR PEOPLE TO GO IN YET.

WE HAVE SOME EXPERTS IN HEAVY RESCUE COMING IN TOMORROW.

WE HAVE SOME DOG UNITS COMING IN TO SEARCH FOR ANY VICTIMS THAT MIGHT STILL BE IN THOSE BUILDINGS.

>> HOW BIG A CONCERN ARE THE GAS LEAKS THIS MORNING, CHIEF FARRELL? >> THAT'S RIGHT, THAT'S THE BIG FIRE IN THE MARINA WAS CAUSED BY A GAS LEAK.

THAT WHOLE AREA DOWN THERE IS IN FIRM GROUND.

IT WAS FILLED IN FOR THE 1915 WORLD'S FAIR.

WHEN THE QUAKE HIT, THAT GROUND JUST TURNED TO JELLO.

>> I KNOW YOU'VE HAD A LONG NIGHT, IT FIGURES TO BE A BUSY DAY.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR SPENDING TIME WITH US.

>> DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF FARRELL.

WE'RE GOING TO COME BACK IN JUST A MOMENT.

16 PAST THE HOUR ON WEDNESDAY MORNING WE'RE GOING TO GO BACK TO SAN FRANCISCO OF COURSE.

WE'LL GO TO WASHINGTON TOO TO SEE WHAT'S BEING DONE TO COPE WITH THE EARTHQUAKE'S EFFECTS.

THIS IS AN EXTENDED EDITION OF "TODAY" ON NBC.

>> AS DEBORAH NOTED MOMENTS AGO, THE EPICENTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE WAS LOCATED ALONG THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT ABOUT 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO NEAR SANTA CRUZ.

THE 12TH AND 16TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS JOINED NEAR THE SITE OF THAT EPICENTER.

DISTRICTS REPRESENTED IN CONGRESS BY TOM CAMPBELL AND LEON PANETTA BOTH OF WHOM JOIN US FROM THE HOUSE PRESS GALLERY ON CAPITOL HILL.

GOOD MORNING, GENTLEMEN.

I SHOULD NOTE THAT YOU HAD BEEN WILL BOTH BE FLYING WEST THIS MORNING.

UNTIL YOU GET THERE HOW ARE YOU GETTING YOUR INFORMATION AND WHAT KIND ARE YOU GETTING? >> OURS HAS BEEN LARGELY THROUGH OUR LOCAL OFFICES.

I'VE BEEN ABLE TO CONTACT MY MONTEREY OFFICE, MY SANTA CRUZ OFFICE.

WE'■BEEN UNABLE TO CONTACT THE HOLLISTER OFFICE AT THIS TIME.

MOST OF IT HAS BEEN SCATTERED REPORTS COMING IN FROM THOSE AREAS.

ALL OF THE RECENT REPORTS INDICATING VERY SERIOUS DAMAGE THROUGHOUT THE AREAS.

>> THE SAME FOR YOU CONGRESSMAN CAMPBELL? >> YES.

I'VE BEEN RECEIVING REPORTS FROM CELLAR TELEPHONE BY AUTOMOBILE TELEPHONE BECAUSE THE TELEPHONE LINES IN THE SILICON VALLEY HAVE BEEN CUT OUT.

>> WE'VE HEARD HOW HEAVILY YOUR AREAS WERE HIT.

WE ALSO HEARD THAT EARTHQUAKE CONTINGENCY PLANS ARE IN PLACE.

DID THEY WORK? >> RIGHT NOW IT LOOKS LIKE THE VARIOUS DISASTER OFFICES HAVE BEEN SET UP AND ASSISTANCE IS BEING PROVIDED.

BUT THE PROBLEM WITH THIS BRYANT IS THAT YOU NEVER CAN ADEQUATELY PREPARE NO THIS KIND OF DISASTER.

THIS HAS ALWAYS BEEN A BAD JOKE OUT IN CALIFORNIA.

IT'S TURNED INTO A NIGHTMARE.

>> NO ONE IS LAUGHING.

>> I WANT TO ADD THE DANGEROUS ARS UP IN THE MOUNTAINS BETWEEN THE COASTAL RANGE AND THE BAY WE MAY NOT BE HEARING FROM EVEN UNTIL LATER ON TODAY.

EVEN THOUGH FEMA MAY BE SET UP, WE MAY NOT HERE FROM A LOT OF PEOPLE FOR QUITE A WHILE.

>> AS YOU GET THERE, WE ONLY HAVE LESS THAN A MINUTE LEFT.

WHAT ARE YOUR PRIORITIES? >> THE PRIORITIES ARE TO TRY ON ASSESS THE DAMAGES BECAUSE YOU HAVE TO DETERMINE HOW MUCH DAMAGE HAS TAKEN PLACE, IN ORDER TO DECIDE WHERE THE DISASTER ASSISTANCE IS GOING TO BE TARGETED THAT'S THE FIRST PRIORITY.

>> I'LL BE SETTING UP WITH FEMA, A CENTER WHERE PEOPLE WHO HAVE CLAIMS FOR DAMAGE CAN BEGIN TO UNDERSTAND HOW THE PROCESS OF CLEANING UP AND PUTTING IN FOR FEDERAL INSURANCE COMMENCES.

>> GENTLEMEN, YOU HAVE A LONG DAY AHEAD.

THANKS FOR SPENDING SOMETIME.

TRAVEL SAFELY.

WE'LL COME BACK IN JUST A MOMENT AFTER ANOTHER BREAK.

THIS IS "TODAY" ON NBC.

CAPTIONS BY CaptionAmericaPITTSBURGH, PA.

THIS IS GOING TO WIND UP WHERE WERE YOU AT 5:04 PACIFIC TIME.

WE WERE IN THE COST OF OUR HOTEL WATCHING IT ON T■ AND STILL PERHAPS NOT EVEN BELIEVING WHAT'S GOING ON.

AS WE HEAD TOWARDS THE STATION BREAK.

A, WILLARD SCOTT IS HERE.

WE DID NOT IGNORE HIM.

HE'S GOING TO BE ALONG IN OUR NEXT HALF HOUR GIVING US WEATHER.

B, ALTHOUGH THIS IS A SPECIAL EXTENDED EDITION OF TODAY WE'RE GOING TO BE ON 5 HOURS, TO OUR LOCAL STATIONS WE ARE GOING TO KEEP OUR NORMAL CONFIGURATION WITH THAT IN BRYANT GUMBEL.

WHAT ARE WE DOING IN CHICAGO, YOU SAY? WE HAD PLANNED AN EXTENDED CELEBRATION OF SORTS HERE IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE OPENING OF THE NEW NBC BUILDING HERE IN CHICAGO.

BUT OBVIOUSLY OUR PLANS HAVE HAD TO CHANGE, AND WE ARE DEVOTING OUR TIME EXBLEW CIVILLY TO EVENTS IN CALIFORNIA, AS I'M SURE YOU HAVE HEARD BY NOW.

A MASSIVE EARTHQUAKE STRUCK THE BAY AREA LAST NIGHT AT THE HEIGHT OF RUSH HOUR, 5:04 PACIFIC TIME, AND CASUALTIES ARE CONSIDERABLE.

WE HAVE NO HARD FIGURES FOR YOU RIGHT NOW, BUT THE DEATH TOLL IS AT LEAST 250, AT LEAST ANOTHER 600 HAVE BEEN INJURED.

AND THE CONSEQUENCES ARE JUST DEVASTATING.

LET'S GO TO OUR NORMAL FORMAT AND BEGIN THE HALF HOUR WITH THE NEWS AND THEN WE WILL CATCH YOU UP ON OTHER EVENTS GOING ON THERE.

I'M SORRY? DID YOU — >> MY UNDERSTANDING WAS THAT ■■GRANT PETERSON WAS STANDING BY.

>> HE'S WITH THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

WE OUGHT TO HEAR FROM HIM MAYBE.

>> THANK YOU.

>> I WAS CORRECT.

IF THE EARTHQUAKE STOPPED AT 5:04, HOW QUICKLY WERE FEDERAL OPERATIONS UNDERWAY? GRANT PETERSON WHOM WE HAVE BEEN TALKING ABOUT IS THE HEAD OF THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY AND JOINS US NOW FROM — WELL, SHOULD WE CALL IT COMMAND HEADQUARTERS, MR.

PETERSON? >> THAT'S CLOSE ENOUGH, YES, MA'AM.

>> HOW FAST WERE YOU UP TO SPEED AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE STRUCK? >> WELL, WE IMMEDIATELY ACTIVATED OUR FIRST RESPONSE, WHICH IS THE EMERGENCY SUPPORT TEAM WHICH IS ABOUT ■50 INDIVIDUALS SPECIALLY TRAINED TO SUPPORT 25 FEDERAL AGENCIES WHO ARE COOPERATIVELY IN A POSITION TO RESPOND TO THE NEEDS OF THE STATE AS REQUESTED BY THE STATE, JANE.

>> THAT OBVIOUSLY IS A MASSIVE RESPONSE.

HOW QUICKLY CAN THEY RESPOND? >> THEY CAN RESPOND VERY QUICKLY.

WE HAD THE FULL CATASTROPHIC DISASTER RESPONSE TEAM IN THE HEADQUARTERS HERE.

THEY WERE ASSEMBLING BY 11:00 AND OUR EMERGENCY ASSESELING BY @9■■X,WE HAD A K RESPONSE LAST NIGHT IN CAPABI■ITY.

>> THAT'S PRETTY IMPRESSIVE.

AM I RIGHT YOU HAD A DRESS REHEARSAL IN AUGUST AND THAT YOU ARE VERY GLAD YOU DID? >> I COULDN'T EMPHASIZE THAT MORE.

YOU KNOW, WE HAVE HAD THE PLANS IN PLACE, THE PLANS REALLY IN MY MIND ARE NOT VALID UNLESS THEY ARE EXERCISED AND IN AUGUST WE DID HAVE A FULL-BLOWN EXERCISE WITH OVER 500 FEDERAL EMPLOYEES FROM 25 FEDERAL AGENCIES IN SACRAMENTO WORKING JOINTLY WITH THE EMERGENCY COMMUNITY OF CALIFORNIA, WHICH IS ONE OF THE BEST PREPARED EMERGENCY COMMUNITIES IN THE UNITED STATES.

>> DID YOU LEARN AT THAT TIME IN AUGUST THAT YOU WERE NOT AS WELL PREPARED AS YOU SHOULD BE AND WERE ABLE THEN TO CORRECT THOSE FLAWS? >> THAT'S REALLY THE REASON FOR EXERCISING A PLAN, TO IDENTIFY WHAT WORKS WELL AND EMPHASIZE THAT, AND TO IDENTIFY WHAT YOU CAN DO BETTER.

WE DID HAVE LESSONS LEARNED OM THAT AND WE ARE, QUITE FRANKLY, IN THE PROCESS OF WHAT WE CALL A HOT WASH ON THAT EXERCISE, FIRST DRAFT ON WHAT WE CAN DO BETTER.

>> PHASE ONE OF YOUR OPERATIONS MUST BE TO COLLECT SITUATIONS.

WHAT ARE YOU HEARING? WHAT DO YOU HEAR THE ■■WORS OF THE PROBLEM IS AND WHERE WILL YOU TARGET YOUR RESPONSE? >> OKAY, WE HAVE BEEN HEARING PRIMARILY THE SAME THING THAT YOU HAVE, THIS IS WIDESPREAD DAMAGE.

WE HAVE BEEN IN TOUCH WITH THE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT COMMUNITY IN SACRAMENTO.

WITH MR.

MEDOVICH THERE, A STATE COORDINATOR, ALSO OUR FEMA REGION NUMBER 9 ON THE PRESIDIO AND WE HAVE A TEAM ON SITE NOW WITH FEMA, THE ARMY WHO IS DOING AN OVERFLIGHT.

AS SOON AS THEY HAVE LIGHT, TO IDENTIFY THE KEY AREAS FOR IMMEDIATE RESPONSE.

>> SANTA CRUZ, THE EPICENTER OF THE QUAKE, DO WE REALLY AT THIS TIME HAVE ANY IDEA HOW BAD IT IS IN SANTA CRUZ? >> I THINK THAT THE INFORMATION IS BECOMING MORE ACCURATE MOMENT BY MOMENT AND WHEN DAYLIGHT ARRIVES AND WE ARE ABLE TO GET TEAMS IN THE AIR, THAT THIS INFORMATION WILL BECOME MORE SOLIDIFIED AND MORE ACCURATE, JANE.

>> GRANT PETERSON CAN ONLY SAY CARRY ON.

THANK YOU.

>> THANK YOU, MA'AM.

>> OKAY, LET'S DO A COUPLE OF THINGS AS WE PROCEED.

FIRST OF ALL, TELL YOU WE ARE FORMATING THIS AS WE GO, SO IF YOU ARE EXPECTING IT TO BE AS SMOOJ AS WE NORMALLY TRY TO MAKE IT, FORGET ABOUT IT, AND WE WILL TRY THROUGHOUT THE MORNING TO GIVE YOU THE BEST VIDEO POSSIBLE, BUT IT IS NOT OUR INTENTION TO APOLOGIZE FOR EVERY SINGLE BREAKUP.

WE HOPE YOU UNDERSTAND COMMUNICATIONS ARE A PROBLEM IN A DISASTER AREA.

DEBORAH WILL CATCH US UP ON THE NEWS.

>> BLANKET APOLOGY ISSUED AND TAKEN.

GRANT PETERSON PROBABLY SUMMED IT UP PRETTY WELL A MOMENT AGO WHEN HE TOLD YOU, JANE, THAT MOMENT BY MOMENT THE INFORMATION BECOMES BETTER AND MORE ACCURATE.

THE EARTHQUAKE IS THE SECOND MOST DEADLY IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

STATE OFFICIALS, LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR LEO MCCARTHY CONFIRMS AT LEAST 271 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED.

HUNDREDS MORE AT LEAST 600 HAVE BEEN INJURED BY THE EARTHQUAKE, AND AS BAD AS THOSE NUMBERS ARE, THEY ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE AS THE SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORTS CONTINUE.

EARTHQUAKE HIT SAN FRANCISCO, OAKLAND, SANTA CRUZ, CALIFORNIA, IT MEASURED AT LEAST 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE, THAT QUALIFIES IT AS A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE.

OFFICIALS DESCRIBE THE AREA AS DEVASTATED BEYOND EVERYONE'S IMAGINATION.

CORRESPONDENT DON OLIVER IS IN SAN FRANCISCO WHERE THE MAYOR SAYS IT WILL TAKE YEARS TO REBUILD AND I HAVE HEARD THE ESTIMATE OF $1 BILLION IN DAMAGE.

DON, GOOD MORNING.

>> GOOD MORNING, DEBORAH, THAT'S RIGHT, THEY ARE SAYING AT LEAST A BILLION DOLLARS IN SAN FRANCISCO ALONE.

WHEN DAY BREAKS, THEY WILL BE ABLE TO COUNT THE DEAD AND LOOK FOR MORE.

THE EARTHQUAKE, WHICH STRUCK AT 5:04 LAST NIGHT, KILLED AT LEAST 271 PEOPLE.

THIS AREA ALONG THE WATERFRONT, NOT FAR FROM THGOLDEN GATE BRIDGE, WAS THE HARDEST HIT IN THE CITY 6 SAN FRANCISCO.

HUNDREDS WERE MADE HOMELESS WHEN A SCORE OF TWO AND THREE-STORY BUILDINGS WERE SHAKEN TO THE GROUND.

A FIRE BELIEVED CAUSED BY A RUPTURED NATURAL GAS LINE CONSUMED AT LEAST A HALF DOZEN HOMES.

THE MAYOR OF SAN FRANCISCO SAID THE DAMAGE HERE COULD EASILY RUN INTO THE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS, PERHAPS BILLIONS OF DOLLARS.

THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA HAS ACTIVATED 1500 NATIONAL GUARDSMEN AND THEY HAVE 25 HELICOPTERS.

THEY WILL BEGIN A HOUSE-TO-HOUSE SEARCH AT DAYBREAK.

DEBORAH? >> ALL RIGHT, DON OLIVER IN SAN FRANCISCO.

ONE PLATOON FROM FORT ORD HAS BEEN MOBILIZED TO KEEP THE PEACE AND KEEP THINGS ORGANIZED IN SAN FRANCISCO.

ROBERT BAZELL IS IN FLORIDA FOR TODAY'S SCHEDULED — RESCHEDULED LAUNCH OF THE "ATLANTIS" SHUTTLE.

HE JOINS US NOW FROM THE CAPE.

BOB, YOU ARE A CALIFORNIAN.

GIVE US A SENSE OF THE MAGNITUDE OF THIS EARTHQUAKE, 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

FOLKS FROM CALIFORNIA TALK ABOUT THE BIG ONE.

WAS THIS IT? >> THIS WASN'T THE BIG ONE, BUT AS WE HAVE SEEN, IT IS A DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE.

THIS EARTHQUAKE WAS EXACTLY THE SAME MAGNITUDE AS THE EARTHQUAKE THAT CAUSED SO MUCH DAMAGE IN ARMENIA LAST YEAR.

THE REASON FOR THE DIFFERENCE, AS BAD AS THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA DAMAGE IS, THE REASON THAT IT WAS SO MUCH WORSE IN ARMENIA, OF COURSE, WAS BAD, SHODDY CONSTRUCTION, BAD BUILDINGS.

BUILDINGS BUILT IN THE WRONG PLACES AND WRONG WAYS THAT KILL PEOPLE.

SO, THAT'S THE REASON FOR THE DIFFERENCE.

STILL, THIS IS NOT THE BIG ONE.

THE BIG ONE WAS THE MAGNITUDE OF THE 1906 EARTHQUAKE, WHICH WAS ABOUT TEN TIMES STRONGER THAN THE ONE THAT STRUCK YESTERDAY.

>> BOB, WHAT ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF A LARGER AFTERSHOCK? HAVE SEEN OFFICIALS WITH THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY QUOTED AS SAYING THERE COULD BE ANOTHER AFTERSHOCK PERHAPS AS HIGH AS 6 ON THE RICHTER SCALE WITHIN THE NEXT 24 OR 48 HOURS.

WHAT'S THE LIKELIHOOD OF THAT HAPPENING? >> WELL, THE LIKELIHOOD IS PRETTY HIGH, BUT YOU HAVE TO REMEMBER A 6, BECAUSE THIS IS A BIG SCALE, 6 IS TEN TIMES LESS POWERFUL THAN THE ONE THAT STRUCK YESTERDAY.

SO, I THINK THE CONSENSUS AMONG SEISMOLOGISTS IS THAT AREA OF THE FAULT THAT RUPTURED YESTERDAY — THAT WAS THE WORST OF IT.

THERE WILL NOT BE A STRONGER AFTERSHOCK.

THERE MAY BE OTHER AFTERSHOCKS, BUT THEY WON'T BE AS STRONG.

>> WILL IT BE STRONG ENOUGH TO CAUSE EVEN MORE DAMAGE GIVEN THE UNSTEADY SITUATION RIGHT NOW TO SOME OF THE BUILDINGS OUT THERE.

>> THAT IS CERTAINLY TRUE WHEN YOU SEE THE BUILDING SITTING HALFWAY DOWN, OF COURSE A MAGNITUDE 6 EARTHQUAKE COULD CAUSE A LOT MORE DAMAGE.

IT IS A SERIOÃPROBLEM IN ANY EARTHQUAKE AFTERMANAGEMENT.

>> ROBERT BAZELL AT THE QUAKE, LAUNCH IS SCHEDULED FOR 12:50 EASTERN TIME.

WE MAY BE COMING BACK TO YOU FOR THAT AS WELL.

THE QUAKE HIT JUST PAST 5:00 LAST NIGHT CALIFORNIA TIME, JUST BEFORE GAME 3 OF THE WORLD SERIES WAS SUPPOSED TO HAVE BEGUN.

THE GAME, OF COURSE, WASN'T PLAYED.

THE SERIES NOW UP ITHE AIR.

BOB COSTAS WAS AT CANDLESTICPARK WHEN THE QUAKE IS WITH US THIS MORNG.

BOB, GIVE US A SENSE OF WHAT IT WAS LIKE WHEN THE QUAKE RUMBLED THROUGH CANDLESTICK? >>■L, UPPER REACHES OF THE BALLPARK AND YOU COULD REALLY FEEL THE BALLPARK SWAY, NO QUESTION ABOUT IT.

WITHIN A SECOND, IT OCCURED, SO I WOULD GUESS NEARLY EVERYONE THERE, THAT WE WERE IN THE MIDDLE OF AN EARTHQUAKE AND NOT A MINER ONE AT THAT, EVEN THOSE THAT HAD NOT BEEN IN EARTHQUAKES BEFORE HAD SOME INTUITIVE SENSE THIS WAS A MAJOR ONE.

THE LIGHTS WERE ON, AND PEOPLE MIGHT NOT HAVE NOTICED THAT RIGHT AWAY BECAUSE WE HADN'T EVEN REACHED TWILIGHT, JUST AFTER 5:00, AS YOU SAID, BUT FOR THOSE WHO DID LOOK UP AT THE LIGHT STANDS, YOU SAW THEM FLICK ON AND OFF FOR A SECOND AS THE POWER WAS FAITDING.

AND THEN EVENTUALLY THE LIGHTS WENT OFF.

THE SCOREBOARD ALSO FLICKERED.

IT HAD BEEN READING WELCOME TO GAME 3 OF THE WORLD SERIES.

IT FLICKERED AND WENT OFF.

I DIDN'T SEE THIS NEXT PART MYSELF, BUT SEVERAL PEOPLE TOLD ME THEY SAW GIRDERS IN THE STADIUM SWAY.

PLAYERS WHO WERE IN THE DUGOUTS AND MILLING AROUND GOT A NSE OF WHAT TO DO AND THEY RAN OUT TOWARDS E MIDDLE OF THE FIELD.

I GUESS FEELING THAT THAT WAS THE SAFEST GROUND AWAY FROM ANY STRUCTURES.

BUT WHILE THERE WAS CONCERN AND WHILE PEOPLE WERE DEFINITELY SHAKEN, NO ONE PANICKED AND THEY LEFT THE BALLPARK IN A VERY ORDERLY FASHION, AND IN FACT, NOT EVEN ALL AT ONCE, THEY SORT OF MEANDERED OUT, GOT THE NOTION TO LEAVE.

>> WE SAW SOME OF THOSE FOLKS LEAVING WITH PIECES OF CONCRETE.

HOW STURDY IS THIS BALLPARK CAN ANY MORE GAMES BE PLAYED THERE? >> I'M HAVING TROUBLE THE QUESTION ■IS, CAN MORE GAMES BELAYED THERE? THE FIRST THING I CAN SAY, ALTHOUGH THERE WON'T BE AN OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT UNTIL THIS MORNING, IT IS VERY CLOSE TO A 100% CERTAINTY, THERE WILL BE NO WORLD SERIES GAME ANYWHERE TONIGHT.

IT IS ALSO VERY LIKELY, NOT CERTAIN, BUT VERY LIKELY, THAT NO MORE GAMES WILL BE PLAYED AT CANDLESTICK PARK.

OR IF GAMES ARE PLAYED AT CANDLESTICK PARK, THEY WILL HAVE TO CORDON OFF A PORTION OF THE UPPER DECK AND NOT LET ANYONE SIT THERE.

THE OTHER THING THEY WILL HAVE TO ASSESS, COME DAYBREAK, IS WHETHER OR NOT THERE'S ANY STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO THE OAKLAND COLISEUM BECAUSE IT'S SO NEARBY.

IF BOTH BAY AREA BALLPARKS ARE UNPLAYABLE, THEY MAY VE TO GO TO DODGER STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES WOULD BE THE NEAREST AVAILABLE BALLPARK.

>> SO MUCH FOR THE SERIES BY THE BAY.

BOB COSTAS IN SAN FRANCISCO, THANKS FOR STAYING UP THROUGH THE NIGHT WITH US THIS MORNING.

CALIFORNIA'S LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR HAS DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY AROUND THE BAY AREA.

JANE TALKED A MOMENT AGO ■ WITH THE FEMA OFFICIAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS GETTING INVOLVED.

LOTS OF RELIEF COMING IN.

>> WE WILL TALK TO THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR MCCARTHY.

ALSO IN ABOUT A HALF HOUR FROM NOW, WILLARD SCOTT IS OBVIOUSLY JOINING US FOR A CHECK OF THE WEATHER.

I APOLOGIZE FOR YOUR ABSENCE EARLIER.

IT WAS OUR DOING, NOT YOURS, YOU WERE HERE.

>> GOOD MORNING.

I THINK EVERYONE, OUR HEARTS GO OUT TO EVERYBODY IN THE BAY AREA, I WAS UP HALF THE NIGHT BECAUSE OUR DAUGHTER LIVES 400 MILES NORTH OF THERE.

I SPENT HALF THE NIGHT TRYING TO CALL HER AND THAT WONDERFUL FEELING WHEN THAT VOICE ON THE OTHER END OF THE PHONE SAYS HELLO AND EVERYBODY IS OKAY.

NOT EVERYBODY IS OKAY OUT THERE.

THE POWER OF NATURE WITH HUGO, JUST TWO, THREE WEEKS AGO, ANYBODY WHO HAS EVER BEEN ON LAKE MICHIGAN, JUST A TWINKLING AS THE BIBLE SAYS, IT CAN BE OVER.

FOR THOSE OF YOU OUT THERE, OUR HETS ARE WITH YOU.

WE WILL DO EVERYTHING WE CAN TO WORK WITH YOU.

THE WEATHER HERE IN CHICAGO, AS WE SAY, THE HULL, IS WITH US THIS MORNING, WINDY, VERY WINDY.

SNOW TONIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS OF NORTH CAROLINA, VIRGINIA, BACK UP, AND THIS IS LIKE WET SNOW, BUT VERY COLD, VERY WINDY, HAVE DRAMATIC CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE.

IF YOU'RE FLYING TODAY, ANYWHERE IN THE OHIO VALLEY, THE SOUTHEAST, THE NORTHEAST, LOOK OUT FOR SHOWERS AND HEAVY RAIN AND THUNDERSTORMS AND A QUICK, HADDOF RICHMOND, TEXAS IS 104.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY.

>> WE CAN FLY, BUT CAN'T FIND A PLANE.

THERE LIES ANOTHER PROBLEM.

>> I SLEPT THE WHOLE NIGHT, YOU'LL BE HAPPY TO KNOW.

>> 43 PAST THE HOUR.

>>> AT 45 PAST THE HOUR, WE GO BACK TO SAN FRANCISCO'S EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER.

WHERE WE ARE GRATEFUL TO HAVE ON THE LINE HARRY BROPHY, THE ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF OF THE CITY.

GOOD MORNING, CHIEF BROPHY.

CHIEF? HARRY BROPHY IN SAN FRANCISCO? >> I'LL TELL YOU WHAT — >> OKAY, WE OBVIOUSLY HAVE OUR WIRES CROSSED WITH ASSISTANT CHIEF BROPHY.

AGAIN, AS WE TOLD YOU, AT THE TOP OF THE HOUR, WE ARE TRYING TO GET INFORMATION AS IT BECOMES AVAILABLE AND TRYING TO SORT THEM OUT AND GET OUR LINES STRAIGHTENED OUT.

I THINK JANE HAS A — OKAY, LET'S SEE IF WE CAN GO TO OUR NEXT GUEST.

AS WE HAVE TOLD YOU, THE DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE THAT ROCKED NORTHERN CALIFORNIA HAPPENED ALONG THE INFAMOUS SAN ANDREAS FAULT, THAT FAULT IS THE DIVIDING LINE BETWEEN TWO CONTINENTAL PLATES, THE PACIFIC PLATE AND THE NORTHWEST AMERICAN PLATE.

EVIDENTLY MOUNTING PRESSURE BETWEEN THE PLATES TRIGRS AN EARTHQUAKE AND ONE SIDE OF THE FAULT GRINDS PAST THE HOUR.

THE SIDE-SWIPING MOTION CAUSES A RUPTURE IN THE EARTH AND WHEN THE STRESS IS RELEASED, THIS TIME THE RUPTURE NEAR SANTA CRUZ, CALIFORNIA WAS ABOUT 35 MILES WIDE.

HERE WITH US, AS YOU CAN SEE FROM COLORADO IS THE CHIEF OF THE EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION SERVICE WAVERLY PERSON.

MR.

PERSON, GOOD MORNING.

>> GOOD MORNING.

>> WE HAVE HEARD THIS WAS NOT THE BIG ONE.

CAN YOU CONFIRM THAT? THIS WAS NOTHE ONE THAT EVERYONE HAD BEEN PREDICTING AND INSPECTING — EXPECTING? >> I WOULD SAY NO, IT ISN'T.

MOST PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THE BIG ONE.

I THINK THEY ARE TALKING ABOUT MAGNITUDE 8, AN EARTHQUAKE OF THE 1906 EARTHQUAKE, HOWEVER THIS IS A STRONGER EARTHQUAKE, MAGNITUDE 6.

9.

>> SINCE THIS WASN'T THE BIG ONE, DID THE PRESSURE RELEASE CHANGE THE TIMETABLE ON THE FAULT? >> IT PROBABLY RELEASED SOME OF THE STRESS AND STRAIN RIGHT IN THE IMMEDIATE AREA WHERE THIS EARTHQUAKE OCCURED, BUT YOU GOT TO REMEMBER THAT THE SAN DREAS FAULT RUNS ALL THE WAY THROUGH CALIFORNIA, AND WE CAN'T SAY THAT THIS HAS RELIEVED ANY OF THE STRESS AND STRAIN FOR OTHER PARTS OF THE SAN DRAIS FAULT.

>> WHY ARE THE NUMBERS OF PROBABILITY STILL SO HIGH? WE ARE HEARING 20% CHANCE OF A 5.

5 QUAKE IN THE NEXT SEVERAL DAYS, A 5% CHANCE OF A 6.

0 QUAKE, IN 24 HOURS.

WHY ARE THOSE NUMBERS STILL SO HIGH? >> WELL, THE THING OF IT IS, AS YOU KNOW, WE CANNOT PRECISELY PREDICT EARTHQUAKES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

AND WHAT WE ARE LOOKING AT NOW FROM AN EARTHQUAKE OF THIS SIZE, MAGNITUDE 6.

9, WE ARE LOOKING AT THE POSSIBILITY OF AFTERSHOCKS THAT COULD BE IN THE 5 RANGE, HOWEVER UP TO THIS POINT WE HAVE NOT SEEN ANY AFTERSHOCKS OF THAT SIZE.

SO, WITHIN THE NEXT SEVERAL DAYS, WE ARE ALL WATCHING VERY CLOSELY.

>> CAN YOU SAY WITH ANY DEGREE OF CONFIDENCE THAT THE WORST IS OVER? >> WELL, I WOULD SAY THAT LOOKING AT WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE PAST AND LOOKING AT HISTORY OF THE AREA, I WOULD SAY WE ■■ PROBABLY HAD THE MAIN SHOCK IN THIS AREA, AND THE AFTERSHOCKS COULD LAST FOR MONTHS, BUT I WOULD SAY THAT WE COULD HAVE AFTERSHOCKS IN THE MAGNITUDE 5 RANGE, AND THOSE ARE LARGE ENOUGH TO CAUSE SOME ADDITIONAL DAMAGE.

>> WHY DO THEY LAST SO LONG? >> ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE LOOK AT WHEN THE FAULT BREAKS, WE DON'T RELEASE ALL THE STRESS AND STRAIN, AND WE CONTINUE TO GET THAT RELEASE UNTIL IT HAS RELEASED ALL THE STRESS AND STRAIN IN THAT PARTICULAR AREA.

>> CON■■DERING THE MAGNITUDE OF THIS QUAKE, I MEAN FOR COMPARISON SAKE, THE ONE THAT WAS SO DEVASTATING IN ARMENIA WAS 6.

8, CONSIDERING THE MAGNITUDE OF THIS QUAKE, DID THE BAY AREA COME AWAY FROM THIS IN BETTER SHAPE THAN ONE MIGHT THINK FOR A QUAKE OF THIS SIZE? >> YES, IF WE LOOK AT THE EARTHQUAKE THAT WE HAD LAST DECEMBER IN ■ARMENIA, MAGNITUDE 6.

8 WHERE WE HAD 25,000 DEATHS AND SO FAR THE DEATH TOLL IN TH EARTHQUAKE IS SOMEWHERE AROUND ABOUT 300, IT'S ■■ CONSERABLY DIFFERENT FROM WHAT IT WAS IN ARMENIA AND ■ THAT'S MAINLY DUE TO THE BUILNG STR■CTURES IN THE GIVEN AREAS.

■ >> ■■WAVERLY PERSON IN ■■ GOLDEN, COLORADO, THANK YOU VERY MUCH, SIR.

I APPRECIATE IT.

TEN MINUTES OF.

BACK IN A MOMENT.

■ ■ >>> BACK TO THE EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER IN SAN FRANCISCO, DAVID WARD GER IS THERE, THE DIRECTOR OF HEALTH FOR BOTH THE CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO.

MR.

WERDEGAR, THANK YOU FOR TAKING TIME TO JOIN US.

>> GLAD TO BE WITH YOU.

AS I SAY THAT, IT LOOKS LIKE WE HAVE LOST THE PICTURE.

DO WE STILL HAVE THE AUDIO WITH MR.

WERDEGAR? >> I HEAR YOU.

>> GOOD.

LET'S GO WITH IT ANYWAY.

WE HAVE BEEN WATCHING PICTURES OF RELIEF WORK, PEOPLE BEING RESCUED, PEOPLE BEING TAKEN ON STRETCHERS.

WHAT I WANT TO KNOW IS WHERE DO THEY GO? WHAT IS THE SITUATION IN SAN FRANCISCO'S EMERGENCY ROOMS TODAY? >> WELL, ALL OF THE HOSPITALS WERE UP AND RUNNING EXCEPT FOR ONE.

IT LOST ITS BOILER.

SO, WE D MANY PLACES TO TAKE CASUALTIES.

ALSO THE ARMY HOSPITAL IN THE PRESIDIO.

I THINK WE MAY HAVE LOST CONNECTIONS.

>> NO, I STILL HEAR YOU, MR.

WERDEGAR.

>> THEY WERE LOSING THEIR PICTURE AND THEY WERE JUST DOING IT ON — ■ >> MR.

WERDEGAR, PLEASE GO RIGHT AHEAD.

WE STILL HEAR YOU.

>> WE WERE OUT OF ELECTRIC POWER IN THE CITY, AS YOU PROBABLY HEARD.

SO, ALL OF THE HOSPITALS WERE RUNNING ON DIESEL OR AUXILIARY EMERGENC STANDBY UNITS, AND REMARKABLY THEY WERE ALL WORKING.

DISPATCH SAID FOUR AMBULANCES WAS ON AN AUTOMATIC BACKUP DIESEL GENERATOR AND SO, POWER WAS KEPT IN ALL OF THE HOSPITALS, ALL OF THE DISPATCH CENTERS, ALL OF THE OPERATING ROOMS.

WE HAD, AS IT TURNED OUT, AMPLE AMBULANCES IN SAN FRANCISCO IN ADDITION TO OUR OWN SUPPLY.

WE WERE LOANED AMBULANCES FROM NEARBY COUNTIES, AND SO, I THINK AT THE PEAK■■WE HAD ABOUT 30 AMBULANCE VEHICLES AT WORK.

MOSTLY DOWN IN THE RINA WHERE THE MAJOR FIRE OCCURED, BUT ELSEWHERE IN THE CITY AS WELL.

>> MR.

WERDEGAR — >> OUR GREATEST PROBLEM INITIALLY WAS JUST FINDING OUT WHERE MOST OF THE PROBLEMS WERE.

THERE WAS A LITTLE CONFUSION AT THE VERY BEGINNING, BUT THE COMMAND POST THEREAFTER I THOUGHT OPERATED VERY SMOOTHLY.

WE HAD HERE, AS YOU MAY KNOW, IN ONE SPOT THE HEALTH DIRECTOR AND THE CHIEF PARAMEDIC, THAT IS MYSELF AND THE CHIEF OF PARAMEDICS, THE DISPATCH CENTER IS CONNECTED TO US, FIRE DISPATCH IS HERE, THE HEAD OF PUBLIC WORKS IS HERE, AND THE MAYOR TURNED BACK FROM THE BALLPARK AND WAS HERE TO OVERSEE THE ENTIRE OPERATION.

AND I THINK IT ACTUALLY TURNED OUT TO BE A VERY SMOOTH JOB OF COORDINATION.

WE WERE LUCKY IN A LOT OF RESPECTS ON THE TIMING.

BECAUSE AT 5:00 EVERYBODY — I WAS IN MY OFFICE WHEN THE QUAKE OCCURED.

I COULD GO RIGHT DOWNSTAIRS TO OUR AMBULANCE DISPATCH CENTER AND FROM OUR AMBULANCE DISPATCH CENTER I COULD COME HERE TO THE COMMAND POST.

SO, THAT ALL OCCURED WITHIN ABOUT A 15-MINUTE PERIOD.

I WAS IN TOUCH THE ENTIRE TIME AS WAS OUR PARAMEDIC CREW.

>> MR.

WERDEGAR, IN THE MEANTIME, DO YOU HAVE ANY ADVICE — >> I'M NOT HEARING ANYTHING FROM NEW YORK.

>> MR.

WERDEGAR IS NOT HEARING ME ANY LONGER, SO I THANK YOU VERY MUCH, WE WILL GET OURSELVES REORGANIZED HERE AND BE BACK AFTER THIS.

>>> AS WE SET TO CLOSE DOWN OUR FIRST HOUR, LET ME ADD, I KNOW WE HAVE TO GET TO METHING, LET ME SAY SOMETHING THAT IS NOT AN APOLOGY, JUST AN EXPLANATION.

WE HAVE SAID IT BEFORE & WE WILL TRY TO SAY IT AS THE DAY GOES ON, WE ARE DEALING WITH A DISASTER AREA.

COMMUNICATIONS ARE NOT AS PERFECT AS WE OR YOU WOULD LIKE THEM OR AS WE HAVE COME TO EXPECT.

>> IT IS FUNNY, EVERYONE IN AMERICA IS OBVIOUSLY INTERESTED IN THE STORY IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE IS EQUAL INTEREST IN JAPAN.

I RAN ACROSS A STORY IN THE WIRE WHICH SAID HOW THEY WERE BROADCASTING LIVE ON JAPANESE TELEVISION ALL OF THE COVERAGE OF THE EARTHQUAKE AND THE AFTERMANAGEMENT OF IT.

>> THE WORLD SERIES WHICH — >> WHICH IS ALSO OF GREAT INTEREST TO JAPANESE BASEBALL FANS.

KAIFU HAS OFFERED HIS ASSISTANCE AND THEY HAVE SENT A TEAM OVER TO HELP.

INTERESTINGLY, THERE WERE MORE DOLLARS SPENT IN JAPAN ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS THAN IN THIS COUNTRY.

THEY SPENT ABOUT $10 A PERSON IN JAPAN TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERHING IS T IN EVENT OF EMERGENCY.

IN SAN FRANCISCO, THE FIGURE IS ABOUT $19 A PERSON.

>> THE DRILL HAD DONE A CONSIDERABLE AMOUNT OF GOOD, RIGHT? >> THEY HAD A PRACTICE RUN IN AUGUST.

>> WE WILL COME BACK IN A MOMENT.

ONLY THE FIRST OF FIVE HOURS.

BACK WITH MORE AFTER A STATION BREAK.

■ >> WE'RE BACK NOW AT 8 O'CLOCK ON A WEE■DAY MORNING OCTOBER THE 18TH.

AND YOU ARE LOOKING AT SOME FOOTAGE FROM WHEN THE QUAKE HIT IN THE BAY AREA LAST NIGHT DURING RUSH HOUR 5:04 PACIFIC TIME.

6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

AS WE CONTINUE THROUGHOUT THIS MORNING.

WE ARE STILL TRY TO GO SORT OUT THE CONSEQUENCES.

BACK IN CHICAGO, I'M BRYANT GUMBEL HERE WITH JANE PAULEY, DEBORAH NORVILLE.

THIS HAS BEEN AN ADD VEN ROUSE MORNING, FOR THE VIEWERS TOO, I'M SURE.

WE ARE TRYING YOU APPRISED OF THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE BAY AREA IN THE WAKE OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

THAT ■IS PROVING A LITTLE DIFFICULT AS A RESULT OF THE HUGE DEVASTATION THAT THE AREA HAS SUFFERED.

IN TERMS OF NUMBERS, THE NUMBERS WE ARE STILL FUDGING ON THEM A LITTLE BIT.

THE DEATH TOLL, THE INJURY COUNT, WE WON'T GET FINAL FIGURES ON THAT FOR SOME TIME TO COME.

WE DO KNOW THAT THE DEATH TOLL FROM THE EARTHQUAKE WAS THE WORST IN OAKLAND, THAT'S WHERE PART OF INTERSTATE 880 COLLAPSED AT THE HEIGHT OF THE RUSH HOUR.

GEORGE LEWIS IS IN OAKLAND THIS MORNING WHERE CREWS WORKED THROUGH THE NIGHT LOOKING FOR VICTIMS PERHAPS STILL TRAPPED.

WHAT HAVE YOU GOT, GEORGE? >> IT'S A PRETTY GRIM SCENE HERE.

THE REAL WORK OF LOOKING FOR THE FINAL VICTIMS WON'T REALLY BEGIN UNTIL DAYLIGHT HERE.

THEY HAVE BEEN PICKING THROUGH THE RUBBLE OF THE BRIDGE, SORT OF LOOKING FOR PEOPLE.

THEY SAY THEY FOUND NO SIGNS OF LIFE TONIGHT.

IT CAME AT THE WORST POSSIBLE TIME.

THE HEIGHT OF RUSH HOUR.

FIVE IN THE AFTERNOON WHEN PEOPLE WERE GOING HOME.

MANY TRYING TO GET HOME IN TIME TO CATCH THE WORLD SERIES ON TELEVISION.

THE TOP LEVEL OF THE TWO-DECK FREEWAY COLLAPSED INTO THE SECOND LEVEL, TRAPPING A LOT OF CARS BENEATH.

EYEWITNESSES SAID THEY SAW SCORES OF CARS CRUSHED BENEATH THE RUBBLE.

THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT A NUMBER OF PEOPLE GATHERED AT THE UNION HALL, VOLUNTEERS WHO BANT TO WORK ON THE FREEWAY COLLAPSE AND WHO WANT TO DIG THEM OUT.

ONE OF THEM IS WITH US.

SCOTT CONNER WHO IS A MASTER CAR CARPENTER.

DO YOU THINK THERE ARE PEOPLE UP THERE TRAPPED ALIVE? >> I THINK BASICALLY UNTIL THE LAST PERSON IS PULLED OUT, UNTIL THE LAST VEHICLE IS REMOVED, I HAVE TO LIVE WITH THE HOPE THAT SOMEONE IS ALIVE IN THERE.

>> YOU HAVE HAD A EAT DEAL OF FRUSTRATION WITH THE UNION MEMBERS NOT BEING ABLE TO GET TO THE FREEWAY TO WORK ON IT.

WHAT ARE THEY TELLING YOU? >> THAT'S THE WHOLE POINT.

I HAVE BEEN HERE BEFORE 9 O'CLOCK THIS EVENING.

THE BIGGEST PROBLEM IS FRIENDING — FINDING SOMEBODY IN CHARGE.

THERE'S BEEN A LOT OF DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS OUT HERE, ALL GOOD.

BUT THE POINT IS, IF THIS IS THE BEST DISASTER PLANNING THAT ALAMEDA COUNT HAS, I THINK WE ARE IN A LOT OF TROUBLE.

>> THE AUTHORITIES HAVE TOLD US EARLIER THEY ARE AFRAID OF AFTER SHOCKS, FURTHER CLAMSZ, THEY DON'T WANT ANYONE ELSE KILLED.

ARE YOU WILLING TO TAKE THAT RISK? >> MYSELF AND OTHER FELLOWS THAT WERE WITH ME, BRGE BUILDERS AS WELL, I'M CLASS ONE CARPENTER, THAT MEANS I WORKED ON HEAVY CONCRETE STRUCTURES FOR E LAST 18 YEARS, I DID OFFER MY SERVICES.

THE FACT IS IF THESE GENTLEMEN WOULD DEAL WITH PROBLEMS.

SIR, IF I WAS GIVEN THE EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS, I WOULD DEAL WITH SOLUTIONS.

I COULD STABILIZE EVERY INCH OF THE BRIDGE AS WELL AS LIFT OFF ALL THE SECTIONS.

WITHIN A 15 MILE RADIUS FROM WHERE WE ARE STANDING RIGHT NOW IS THE EQUIPMENT, IS THE MATERIALS TO FACILITATE TAKING CARE AND COMING UP WITH A SOLUTION.

>> THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

A MAN WHO WANTS TO GO TO WORK ON THE BRIDGE, BUT AS YET HAS NOT BEEN GIVEN PERMISSION TO DO SO.

BRYANT? >> THAT'S SOMETHING WE CAN PURSUE A LITTLE LATER WITH THE ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF.

ONE QUICK THING.

GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIAN IS FLYING BACK RIGHT NOW.

HE WAS ON A TRAIN MISSION TO FRANKFURT, WEST GERMAN, HE NOTED IN 1972 ALL OF THE ELEVATED HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES IN THE BAY AREA WERE SUPPOSED TO HAVE BEEN RETRO FITTED, REINFORCED IN THE EVENT OF AN EARTHQUAKE.

WAS THIS ONE NOT RETRO FITTED.

>> WE DON'T KNOW THAT YET, BRYANT.

75% OF THE BRIDGE STRUCTURES ON THE FREEWAYS IN CALIFORNIA WERE RETROFITTED WITH SPECIAL METAL FITTINGS WHICH WAS SUPPOSED TO PREVENT THIS FROM HAPPENING.

THE GOVERNOR SAID THAT HE EXPECTS THERE WILL BE A MAJOR STATE INVESTIGATION INTO WHAT HAPPENED HERE, BECAUSE THIS WASN'T SUPPOSED TO HAPPEN IN HIS WORDS.

>> GEORGE, ONE OTHER QUICK THING.

I KNOW YOU ARE AS CLOSE TO THE SITE AS YOU CAN GET.

CAN YOU GIVE US A GUESS AS TO HOW MANY CARS COULD BE TRAPPED ON 880? >> WE DON'T KNOW FOR SURE, BRYANT.

ONE EYEWITNESSHO WAS HELPING TO PULL VICTIMS OUT OF THE RUBBLE SAID EARLIER HE SAW SCORES OF CARS.

BECAUSE THE TOP LEVEL OF THE FREEWAY IS PANCAKED INTO THE MIDDLE LEVEL, THERE IS ONLY A COUPLE FEET OF CLEARANCE, THE RESCUE WORKERS CAN'T REALLY SEE IN THERE.

UNTIL HEAVY EQUIPMENT IS MOVED IN AT THE BREAK OF DAWN, THEY WON'T KNOW.

>> GEORGE LEWIS, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

>> LET'S GET CAUGHT UP ON THE REST OF THE NEWS.

DEBOH HAS GOT MORE.

>> JUST A MOMENT AGO ON THE WIRES, QUOTING THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR'S OFFICE SAID 253 PEOPLE DIED ON THE COLLAPSED HIGHWAY.

THE TOTAL CAALTY FIGURE AT PRESENT IS 271 PEOPLE DEAD IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA.

AT LEAST 600 WERE INJURED IN WHAT IS THE WORST U.

S.

EARTHQUAKE IN MORE THAN 80 YEARS.

THE WORST BEING THE 1906 QUAKE IN SAN FRANCISCO.

TUESDAY'S QUAKE IN CALIFORNIA MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT BOB JAMIESON WAS IN N FRANCISCO WHEN THE QUAKE TTLE.

HE IS WITH US THIS MORNING WITH MORE.

>> DEBORAH, THE AND NEWS HERE IN SAN FRANCISCO AT THE MOMENT IS THAT APPARENTLY A SEARCH OF THE MARINA DISTRICT WHERE THERE WAS THE TERRIBLE FIRE DURING THE NIGHT AND OTHER DRAMATIC EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE, A SEARCH OF THAT AREA BY AUTHORITIES HAS APPARENTLY TURNED UP NO MORE VICTIMS.

SO THAT IF THE CASUALTY COUNT HOLDS THAT MEANS THAT ONLY EIGHT PEOPLE LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO ITSELF.

(NO AUDIO) THE CITY THIS MORNING SEVERAL HOURS STILL BEFORE SUNRISE, HAS NOT HAD ANY APPRECIATIVE RESTORATION OF POWER, THE CITY IS STILL IN DARKNESS.

THAT IS CAUSING ALL SORTS ■■ OF ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS.

AS AN EXAMPLE, ANY NUMBERS, PERHAPS EVEN THOUSANDS OF HOTEL RESIDENTS, TOURISTS HERE, PEOPLE FOR THE WORLD SERIES HAVE SPENT THE NIGHT IN THE LOBBIES OF THE HOTELS.

THERE HAVE BEEN A NUMBER OF PEOPLE ON THE STREET, BUSINESSMEN JOINING THE HOMELESS ON THE STREETS OF SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE IS NO CLEAR IDEA YET OF WHEN BASIC POWER WILL BE RESTORED TO THE CITY.

>> WHAT ABOUT THE PROBLEM WITH THE GAS SYSTEM THERE.

MANY, MANY GAS LINES WERE BROKEN, THAT OF COURSE, WAS THE CAUSE OF THE DEVASTATING FIRE IN THE MARINA DISTRICT.

HAS THAT BEEN RECTIFYED AT THIS POINT OR ARE THEY STILL WORKING ON THAT AS WELL? >> PUBLIC UTILITY CREWS ARE WORKING TO IDENTIFY ALL OF THE GAS LEAKS AND TO REPAIR THEM.

THAT'S ONE OF THE REASONS THAT THEY ARE MOVING SLOWLY TO RESTORE ELECTRICITY BECAUSE THEY WANT TO MAKE CERTAIN BEFORE THEY TURN ON THE ELECTRICITY IN THE BUILDING THAT THERE IS NOT LEAKING GAS BECAUSE THAT COULD CREATE ANOTHER EXPLOSION.

>> BOB JAMIESON IN SAN FRANCISCO, WE'LL BE CHECK BACK WITH YOU LATER THIS MORNING.

>>> VERY HARBD HIT WAS WELL WAS SANTA CRUZ, CALIFORNIA ABOUT 75 S NORTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

THAT'S NEAR WHERE THE QUAKE WAS CENTERED.

>>> THERE IS NO FIRM FIGURE ON DAMAGE IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, BUT ONE EARLY ESTIMATE INDICATED THAT IT COULD TOP ONE-BILLION DOLLARS.

STATE OFFICIALS TODAY ASKED THE GOVERNMENT FOR HELP.

CORRESPONDENT ROBERT HAGER IS THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY IN WASHINGTON.

>>>> THE TELEFAX JUST ARRIV RE FROM CALIFORNIA'S LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, LEO MCCARTHY, HE FORMALLY ASKS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FOR DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

THAT WILL SET IN MOTION A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT THINGS, CULMINATING IN A FEW HOURS WITH PRESIDENT BUSH DECLARING SEVEN BAY AREA COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA A DISASTER AREA.

THAT COULD MEAN PHYSICAL HELP BY THE ENGINEERS.

IT COULD MEAN FINANCIAL AID, DOLLARS FOR REPAIR WORK, FEDERAL GRANTS FOR REBUILDING.

>>> REPRESENTATIVES OF 25 FEDERAL AGENCIES ARE GATHERED AROUND ONE TABLE HERE, POISED TO ORGANIZE HELP.

TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY SAMUEL SKINNER LEFT FOR SAN FRANCISCO, TO DIRECT THE FEDERAL EFFORT.

>> OUR MAIN CONCERN ON BEHALF OF THE PRESIDENT AND THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE CONGRESSMEN THAT ARE HERE AND EVERYBODY ELSE IS TO MAKE SURE THAT THE HUMANE SIDE OF THIS ISSUE, THAT HUMAN LIFE, EVERYTHING IS BEING DONE AND THAT WE ARE COORDINATING EVERYTHING THAT CAN BE DONE.

THE RED CROSS IS ALSO GEARING UP, SENDING IN EMERGENCY VEHICLES, NURSES, AND EQUIPMENT, DESCRIBED BY RED CROSS VICE PRESIDENT GEORGE HUTCHENS.

>> WE KNOW THAT FROM THE LOS ANGELES AREA THEY'RE SENDING UP COTS AND THE TYPE OF THINGS THAT ARE NEEDED TO OPEN SHELTERS AND TO HAVE TEMPORARY SHELTERS IF THAT'S NECESSARY.

>> MARLIN FITZWATER THE PRESIDENTIAL SPOKESMAN JUST ARRIVED AT THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ADMINISTRATION, HE IS GOING UPSTAIRS TO TOUR THE COMMAND CENTER WE SAW IN THE PICTURES.

WE HAVE ONE RATHER HOPEFUL REPORT FROM THE MILITARY OUT THERE.

DEFENSE DEPARTMENT STATEMENT SAYS THAT MILITARY DAMAGE IN THE BAY AREA HAS BEEN ONLY LIGHT TO MODERATE.

DEBORAH? >> WELL, THAT IS GOOD NEWS TO HAVE.

>> THAT IS A QUICK LOOK AT WHAT IS GOING ON.

OF COURSE, WE WILL BE GOING BACK AND FORTH TO ALL THE KORNLTS.

>> WE WILL.

AND AGAIN WE CONTINUE TO HOPE TO HAVE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR MCCARTHY.

EVERYTHING IS ON HOPE AND A PRAYER THIS MORNING.

OUR HOPES AND PRAYERS ARE WITH THE PEOPLE OUT THERE.

GETTING THIS THING ON THE AIR IS MINOR BY COMPARISON.

>> YOU WERE YOU WILL ALL NIGHT TRYING TO GET THIS NEWS.

MY HEART GOES OUT TO YOU.

I SLEPT ALL NIGHT.

THIS IS RONALD MCDONALD COUNTRY BECAUSE THE MCDONALD'S HEADQUARTERS ARE HERE.

I JUST CAME FROM OVER THERE, I HAD A BIG SAUSAGE AND EGG SANDWICH AND A NICE CUP OF COFFEE.

RONALD IS VISITING THE VATICAN.

WE HAVE SOME DELAYS THIS MORNING.

CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA, NEWARK, BOSTON BECAUSE OF HEAVY RAINS.

REALLY AND TRULY THOUGH THE COLD AIR IS BEGINNING TO MOVE IN.

WILL EFFECT THE EASTERN STATES BY TOMORROW EVEN MORE SO.

FOR INSTANCE, ■BISMARCK NORTH CAROLINA IS 15 DEGREES THIS MORNING.

WE'LL TALK ABOUT MORE WEATHER GOODIES.

■ THE WEST COAST WEATHER-WISE IS BEAUTIFUL AND ALL THE WAY UP AND DOWN THE COAST.

AND IF YOU WILL PERMIT M JUST A COUPLE HERE, MARCH THAT SEE BETTER OF SPIRIT LAKE, IDAHO IS 100 YEARS OLD TODAY.

TILLY OF MEDFORD OREGON IS 102.

I'VE NEVER BEEN TO IDAHO.

>> IS THAT A REQUEST? >> THAT'S THE MESSAGE.

>> WE'LL BE BACK IN A MOMENT AND CONTINUE WITH "TODAY" ON NBC.

EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER.

JOSE CANSECO, HE'S IN A SLUMP AND I'M 0 FOR 3 ON THIS SLUMP.

LET'S JOIN CHIEF BROPHY, THE ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF.

GOOD MORNING.

THANK YOU FOR TAKING TIME TO BE WITH US.

CAN YOU GIVE ME A STATUS REPORT.

>> RIGHT NOW WE HAVE COMPANIES ON THE SCENE IN THE MARINA AREA WHERE IT WAS THE HARDEST HIT PART OF N FRANCISCO.

■■ IT WAS A VERY RICH PART OF THE TOWN, ELDERLY PEOPLE.

IT TOOK AN AWFUL BLOFMT THE FIRE TOOK DOWN ABOUT SIX BUILDINGS, THERE IS ABOUT 30 BUILDINGS THAT ARE GOING TO HAVE TO COME DOWN.

THE UNDERGROUND SYSTEM OF WATER PIPES AND GAS PIPES HAS TO BE REPLACED.

>> YOU DON'T HAVE ANY FIRES BURNING OUT OF CONTROL RIGHT NOW I UNDERSTAND? >> NO.

>> HOW BIG A CONCERN RIGHT NOW ARE GAS LEAKS? >> THE GAS LEAKS ARE A CONCERN.

THE PG & E DID A GREAT JOB.

THEY CUT OFF WHAT THEY COULD.

WE DON'T KNOW WHAT THE FINAL RESULTING ARE GOING TO BE.

THERE ARE SOME AREAS WE DON'T KNOW THAT ARE LEAKING YET.

WE DON'T WANT TO TURN ON ANY LIGHTS OR ANYTHING, IT MIGHT IGNITE THEM.

IT'S STILL A SCARE.

>> WHAT ARE YOUR PRIORITIES TODAY, THEN CHIEF BROPHY? >> TO ASSESS THE DAMAGE IN ALL OF THE FACILITIES THAT THE PUBLIC EXPECT.

WE HAVE TO CHECK OUR RAILROADS, OUR HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS, OUR BATTER SYSTEM GOING UNDER THE BAY.

ALL OF THESE THINGS ARE GOING TO COME UNDER CONSID TODAY TO SEE WHERE THE FIRE DEPARTMENT STANDS AS FAR AS WE ARE CONCERNED.

THE OTHER EMERGENCY OUTFITS WILL BE WORKING WITH US ALSO.

WE WILL HAVE A LITTLE RESCUE TO DO IN SOME OF THE CRUMBLEED BUILDINGS IN THE DISTRICT.

>> GEORGE LEWIS, ONE OF OUR CORRESPONDENTSABOUT THEN MINUTES WE WERE TALKING WITH HIM, HE WAS TALKING WITH A GENTLEMEN WHO I BELIEVE WAS A CARPENTER.

HE WAS SAYING THAT CARPENTERS, WELDERS, IRONWORKERS, ALL OF THOSE GENTLEMEN ■WOULD LIKE TO HELP, BUT THEY FEEL THAT THEY ARE UNWANTED, THAT THEY ARE BEING KEPT BACK FROM BEING OF ANY ASSISTANCE.

DO YOU NOT WELCOME ■HEIR >> THAT'S NOT THE RIGHT TERMINOLOGY.

WHAT WE HAVEN'T DONE IS WE HAVEN'T PLANNED GOOD ENOUGH YET.

MAYBE WE CAN FROM THIS EXPERIENCE TO BE ABLE TO USE ALL THEIR TALENT AND DESIRE.

BELIEVE ME, WE WILL WELCOME THOSE KIND OF PEOPLE.

>> OKAY.

ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF HARRY BROPHY IN SAN FRANCISCO.

AGAIN A BUSY MORNING, THANKS R SPENDING PART OF IT WITH US.

>> CHIEF HAS RAISED FROM QUESTIONS THAT I WOULD LIKE TO PUT TO OUR NEXT GUEST.

THE TOLL OF LIVES AND PROPERTY FROM LAST NIGHT'S QUAKE IS CERTAINLY A LESSON FOR THE NEED OF STRIKE SAFETY STANDARDS.

A LESSON NOT LOST ON FRED KRIMGOLD, HE IS AN EXPERT WITH THE AFTERMATH OF EARTHQUAKES.

JOIN US NOW FROM OUR WASHINGTON BUREAU.

WE ARE LOOKING AT PICTURES OF THE CRUMBLEED BUILDINGS IN THE MARINA DISTCT AND THE TERRIBLE FIRE.

THREE PEOPLE KILLED IN THE MARINA BECAUSE OF A GAS LEAK.

I HAVE SEEN SOMEWHERE THAT THE BUILDINGS IN THE MARINA AREA WERE WIDELY THOUGHT TO BE VERY VULNERABLE BREEFN THIS HAPPENED.

WHAT KIND OF BUILDING WOULD HAVE BEEN VULNERABLE THERE? >> WELL, ACTUALLY THE BUILDINGS IN THAT AREA ARE PRIMARILY WOOD FRAMED AND STUCCO STRUCTURES, FAIRLY LIGHT CONSTRUCTION WHICH WE DIDN'T ASSUME TO BE THE PRIMARY PROBLEM.

THE MOST SERIOUS PROBLEM THAT WE HAVE RECOGNIZED IN SAN FRANCISCO IS REALLY THAT OF UNREINFORCED MASON REBUILDINGS, LIKE THE BUILDING SOUTH OF MARKET THAT LAPSED AND TOOK SIX LIVES.

>> I'M THINKING OF WHAT THE BUILDING ARE BUILT ON IN THE MARINA DISTRICT.

THE SOIL IS VERY SOFT AND LOCALS CALL IT JELL-O? >> THAT'S RIGHT.

THIS IS SOMETHING WE RECOGNIZED BACK IN 1906, THAT IS, THERE IS A CLOSE CORRELATION BETWEEN BUILDING FAILURE AND SOFT SOIL IN SAN FRANCISCO.

WE HAVE SEEN THAT AROUND THE BAY NOW AS A LARGE AREA HAS BEEN SHAKEN BY THIS EARTHQUAKE.

THE SOIL CONDITIONS ALSO WERE DEFINITELY A FACTOR IN THE FAILURE OF THOSE ONRAMPS TO THE BAY BRIDGE.

>> ARE YOU SURPRISED OF THE DIFFICULTIES ON THE HIGHWAYS? BRYANT DISCUSSED THIS EARLIER, AND THERE HAD BEEN SOME REBUILDING TO STRENGTHEN THEM FOR AN EARTHQUAKE AND YET — >> THERE WAS A MAJOR PROGRAM AS WAS MENTIONED EARLIER.

75% OF THE FREEWAY OVERPASSES WERE STRENGTHENED IN A VERY SIGNIFICANT PROGRAM.

I THINK IT WAS ASSUMED BY MOST PEOPLE THAT THIS PROBLEM HAD IN FACT BEEN DEALT WITH.

IT MAY BE THAT IN THE CASE OF THESE PARTICULAR ON-RAMPS, THE PARTS OF THE ELEVATED PARTS OF THE HIGHWAYS RELATED TO THE BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION, THAT THE EVALUATION DIDN'T INDICATE SERIOUS WEAKNESS.

>> LET ME MOVE ON TO CHRISTINE BOYD WHO IS A MANAGER FOR ORANGE COUNTY CALIFORNIA DISASTER BOARD.

PERHAPS YOU WERE LISTENING BACK UP IN SAN FRANCISCO WHERE A BRIDGE ENGINEER WAS COMPLAINING THAT NO ONE WAS IN CHARGE AND THE RELIEF AND NECESSARY SKEW AT THE HIGHWAY COLLAPSED.

DO YOU THINK THAT IS PROBABLY THE WEAK LINK IN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, THE ACTUAL HEAVY LIFT REQUIRINGED IN SUCH A TRAGEDY? >> THAT'S ONE OF THE WEAK LINKS, I THINK ALSO COORDINATION, BEING ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE UNITS IN THE FIELD AND WITH THE CENTRALIZED AUTHORITY THAT IS GOING TO BE PRIORITIZEING HOW TO RESPOND TO THE NEEDS IS ALSO A DIFFICULT PROBLEM.

COMMUNICATION ISNE OF THE MAJOR ISSUES THAT COMES UP.

AS FAR AS HEAVY EQUIPMENT IS CONCERNED, YES, THERE IS NOT A MAJOR STORE OF HEAVY EQUIPMENT ON HAND WAITING FOR AN EARTHQUAKE TO HAPPEN.

WE FIND THAT PUBLIC OFFICIALS NEED TO LEARN TO COORDINATE WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR MAKE MATERIALS AVAILABLE AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE.

>> MAYBE YOU HEARD THE FEMA EXECUTIVE FEELING VERY GOOD THAT THERE HAD BEEN A DRESS REHEARSAL IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA FOR A DISASTER ONLY IN AUGUST.

>> YES.

>> DOES THAT MAKE YOU WANT TO SCHEDULE A DRESS REHEARSAL IN YOUR AREA RIGHT NOW? >> WE HAVE ONE SCHEDULED TO HAPPEN NEXT WEEK REGARDING THE NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION.

AND SO WE DO DRILL ON A REGULAR BASIS, SOMETIMES IT'S FOR EARTHQUAKES OR OTHER EMERGENCYS.

ANY TIME YOU DRILL ON ANY TYPE OF DISASTER SITUATION, YOU ARE PREPARING FOR ALL KINDS OF DISASTERS THAT COULD OCCUR.

>> DEBORAH POINTED OUT THAT THE JAPANESE AND EARTHQUAKES E EVEN MORE COMMON EVENT IN THOSE ISLANDS, BUT THE JAPANESE SPEND ABOUT $100 PER PERSON COMPARED TO THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA IS $19.

I DON'T KNOW WHAT YOUR NUMBER IS.

IS THERE ANY DOUBT THAT YOU SHOULD BE SPENDING MORE? >> NOT MY MIND.

IT'S HUMAN NATURE TO PRO CAST NATE.

IT'S HUMAN NATURE TO THINK THAT IT'S GOING TO HAPPEN TO THE OTHER GUY.

THOSE TENDENCYS ARE GOING TO FIND THEIR WAY INTO PUBLIC POLICY.

NOW WE ARE SO CLOSE TO THE OTHER GUY, WE MAY BE THE NEXT ONES IT'S GOING TO HAPPEN TO.

>> WE WILL LEAVE IT AT THAT JUST FOR KNEW.

THANK YOU FOR BEING WITH US AND PROFESSOR KRIMGOLD AS WELL.

WE'LL BE BACK IN A MOMENT THIS IS "TODAY" FROM CHICAGO ON NBC.

>> FAR DOWN THE LIST OF IMPORTANCE AS PERTAINS TO NORTHERN CALIFORNIA NOW IS THE WORLD SERIES.

IT'S INTERESTING.

TONIGHT'S GAME 100% WON'T BE PLAYED.

YOU ARE WONDERING IF THEY WANT TO PLAY IT AT ALL.

CAPTIONS BY CaptionAmericaPITTSBURGH, PA.

>> BACK NOW AT HALF PAST THE HOUR.

ON A MORNING AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE.

I GUESS THAT'S THE WAY TO PHRASE IT ON THIS MORNIN NOT JUST A WEDNESDAY MORNING.

I'M BRYANT GUMBEL ALONG WITH JANE PAULEY AND DEBORAH NORVILLE.

WE ARE IN CHICAGO.

AND WE ARE IN A BIT OF A STORY, WE TALKED AROUND IT.

I GUESS WE CAN GET TO IT.

WE ARE HERE FOR A CELEBRATION OF SORTS.

OBVIOUSLY WHEN THE NEWS CHANGED LAST NIGHT.

WE WANTED TO GET TO THE NEWS.

TIMETABLE WOULDN'T ALLOW US TO GET TO SAN FRANCISCO.

THE ODDS WORKED AGAINST US IN GETTING TO NEW YORK.

IS THAT A FAIR WAIT OF PUTTING IT? >> YES.

WE WERE ALL GIVEN A HALF HOUR, APPROXIMATELY 12:2O HERE CHICAGO TIME, TO ORGANIZE OUR BAGS, TO GET IN A VAN TO HEAD TO MIDWAY AIRPORT FOR A CHARTERED FLIGHT WHICH IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT WOULD WHISK US BACK TO OUR HOME STUDIO AND NEWSROOM IN NEW YORK CITY.

BUT THAT WAS THE PLAN.

>> THAT WAS THE PLAN.

>> I THINK OUR FAMILIES ARE HEARING ABOUT THIS FOR THE FIRST TIME TOO.

WE HAVEN'T HAD A CHANCE TO TELL THEM.

>> WE WERE THERE AND THE JET WAS ORDERED.

BUT THE JET WAS IN BLOOMINGTON.

>> INDIANA? >> AND THEY COULDN'T QUITE GET F THE GRND BECAUSE THERE WAS A PROBLEM WITH A MOAMMAR GADHAFI TO HELP THEM WITH A DIFFICULTY.

WE WERE AT THE AIRPORT FOR A WHILE AND NEVER QUITE GOT THERE.

WE ARE GRATEFUL TO BE IN CHICAGO AND TRYING TO KEEP YOU APPRISED OF ALL THE DEVELOPMENHERE.

WE TALKED AROUND THAT STORY, YOU HAD A RIGHT TO KNOW WHAT WAS GOING ON.

LET'S GET CAUGHT UP WITH THE NEWS.

>> IT DOESN'T MATTER WHERE WE ARE THE.

THE STORY TODAY IS OUT ON THE WEST COAST.

>>> OFFICIALS IN CALIFORNIA SAY THAT AT LEAST 271 PEOPLE WERE KILLED IN TUESDAY'S DEVASTATING EARTHQUAKE, CENTERED ABOUT 75 MILES SOUTH OF SAN FRANCISCO.

THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF CALIFORNIA HAS NOW DECLARED THE STATE OF EMGENCY IN 7 TIE FRANCISCO BAY AREA.

THE QUAKE MEASURED■ 9 ON T RICHTERCALE, INJURED HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE AND LEFT DAMAGE OF MORE THAN A BILLION DOLLARS.

THAKE COLLAPSED PART OF INTERSTATE 880 IN OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA CAUSING UPPER LEVEL OF THE HIGHWAY TO DROP ONTO THE LOWER LEVEL, TRAPPING AND CRUSHING HUNDREDS OF CARS.

THE QUAKE CAME AT THE HEIGHT OF THE EVENING RUSH HOUR.

■■■ IT IS NOT KNOWN HOW MANY PEOPLE WERE KILLED THERE, BUT THERE WE MANY.

A FRANTIC EFFORT IS UNDERWAY W TO FREE VICTIMS WHO MAY STILL BE TRAPPED.

IN SAN FRANCISCO, NATURAL GAS PIPELINES WERE RUPTURED IN PART OF THE CITY KNOWN AS THE MARINA IGNITING A HUGE FIRTHAT BURNED FOR MOST OF THE NIGHT.

POWER REMAINS OUT IN SIGNIFICANT PORTIONS OF THE BAY AREA.

FOR TENS OF THOUSANDS OF RESIDENTS.

SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND AIRPORTS ARE CLOSED ALTHOUGH THE SAN JOSE AIRPORT IS OPEN AND SUSTAINED ONLY LIMITED DAMAGE TH■BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM , THAT LINKS THE UNDERGROUND SECTION OF SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND THE CLOSED DOWN THIS MORNING.

>>> THE QUAKE WAS CENTERED IN SANTA CRUZ ABOUT 75 MES SOUTH OF THE BAY AREA.

NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT ROGER O'NEIL IS IN SANTA CRUZ AND IS WITH US ON THE PHONE NOW.

ROGER? WE'VE HAD REPORTS, ROGER THAT ENTIRE SECTIONS OF SANTA CRUZ HAVE BEEN LEVELED IS THAT WHAT YOU'VE SEEN? >> THAT IS CERTAINLY THE CASE IN DOWNTOWN SANTA CRUZ.

OF COURSE ON HIGHWAY 17 WHICH RUNS BETWEEN SANTA CRUZ AND LOSS GATOS THE EARTH HAS SPLIT APART THE HIGHWAY.

IN SANTA CRUZ THEY CERTAINLY DIDN'T ESCAPE ANY OF THE DAMAGE.

IT'S AN OCEANSIDE COMMUNITY OF ABOUT 45,000 PEOPLE.

IT HAS BEEN WITHOUT POWER AND IS STILL WIOUT POWER AT THIS HOUR.

THE WATER IS NOT SAFE TO DRINK IN THIS TOWN.

PACIFIC GARDEN MALL, THE DOWNTOWN SHOPPING MALL IN THIS CITY WAS ALMOST LEVELED, 7 BLOCKS.

IT CONTAINS THE OLDEST AND MOST HISTORIC BUILDINGS IN TOWN.

MANY 3-4 STORY BUILDINGS.

THE FACADES OF THOSE BUILDINGS ARE STILL STANDING, THE ROOFS INSIDE HAVE COLLAPSED.

THERWERE 2 DEATHS ALONG THE SHOPPING MALL YESTERDAY.

THERE HAVE BEEN SEVERAL MORE DEATHS.

SEVERAL HUNDRED PEOPLE ARE SPENDING THE NIGHT IN EVACUATION CENTERS BECAUSE OF GAS LEAKS IN TOWN.

HOMES HAVE CRUMBLED.

MANY MORE DAMAGED.

THE STATE OF EMERGENCY WAS DECLARED A LONG TIME AGO.

NATIONAL GUARDSMAN ARE NOW PATROLLING SOME OF THE STREETS IN SANTA CRUZ.

IN THE COUNTY ITSELF THE ESTIMATE OF DAMAGE ALREADY PLACED AT $35O MILLION, THERE IS THE ONLY ONE BIT OF GOOD NEWS THAT WE HAVE HEARD ALL NIGHT THAT IS THE EARTHEN DAMS THAT SUPPLIES THE WATERS TO THE COMMUNITIES ARE HOLDING.

THERE IS NOAH PARENT DAMAGE TO THEM.

SO THAT ELEMENT OF RISK IS NOT FACING THE PEOPLE OF SANTA CRUZ THIS MORNING.

>> INDEED THAT IS GOOD NEWS.

ROGER O'NEILL IN SANTA CRUZ CALIFORNIA.

WE SHOULD ALSO NOTE THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN THAT AREA HAVE BEEN CHECKED OUT.

OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE SAFE.

ALL OF THIS IS INFORMATION THE FEDERAL OFFICIALS ARE EAGER TO RECEIVE.

JUST MOMENTS AGO MARLIN FITZWATER OF THE FEDERAL EMERY MANAGEMENT ■■■AGENCY GAVE THE REPORTERS WHAT THE WHITE HOUSE IS LEARNING ABOUT THE SITUATION IN CALIFORNIA.

OUR CORRESPONDENT ROBERT HAGER IS THERE.

WHAT ARE YOU HEARING? >> WELL, WHEN MARILYN CAME BY, WHAT HE TOLD US, HE SAID THAT THE PRESIDENT WAS VERY CONCERNED, THAT HE HAD HAD TWO BRIEFINGS EARLY THIS MORNING, ONE FROM SUNUNU AND ONE FROM THE FEMA, THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, HE SAID THAT VICE PRESIDENT QUAYLE WILL PROBABLY GET AIRBORNE OVER THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA ABOUT 1O CLOCK EASTERN TIME.

SO THAT WOULD BE 6 CLOCK — EXCUSE ME, 5 CLOCK ON THE COAST.

I STILL GOT THAT WRONG.

7 CLOCK ON THE COAST.

SO THAT WOULD BE FIRST DAYLIGHT THERE TO TAKE A LOOK AT THE DAMAGE.

HE ALSO SAID THAT THE PRESIDENT HAS NOT YET SIGNED THE PAPERS MAKING THE 7 BAY AREA COUNTIES A FEDERAL DISASTER AREA.

BUT HE SAID THAT WAS IRRELEVANT BECAUSE ALL THIS FEDERAL AID WOULD BE COMING SHORTLY.

HE ALSO SAID THAT LATER ON THIS MORNING THE PRESIDENT WILL PROBABLY HIMSELF HAVE SOMETHING TO SAY ABOUT THE SITUATION OUT THERE >> HOW BIG A POOL OF FEDERAL MONEY IS THERE.

JUST A COUPLE OF WEEKS ■■ WE WERE REPORTING ON A DIFFERENT DISASTER.

WE WERE TALKING ABOUT THE VICTIMS OF HURRICANE HUGO.

IT COMES OUT OF THE SAME POT DOESN'T IT? >> I THINK THERE WILL BE QUITE A BILL AN AVILLEABLE.

IT COMES IN THE FORM OF AID FOR CLEARING UP ITSELF.

SOME OF THAT IS PHYSICAL WORK.

THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, EVEN ACTIVATING THE REGULAR ARMY IF THEY NEED THAT.

THERE IS A LOT OF FINANCIAL GRANT MONEY AVAILABLE FOR PUTTING PEOPLE UP TEMPORARILY.

THEY'RE GETTING PEOPLE UP TO $10,000 TO REPAIR HOMES AND EVEN MORE DOWN THE LINE.

>> BOB HAGER AT FEMA IN ERIC WHAT.

WE SHOULD NOTE DESPITE THE MAGNITUDE OF THIS EARTHQUAKE 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE OFFICIALS AT THE U.

S.

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SAY THIS WAS NOT THE BIG ONE.

MORE TO COME.

>> THAT'S BAD NEWS ISN'T IT.

>> NOW FOR A CHECK ON THE WEATHER.

>> I THINK THE NICEST NEWS I CAN GIVE YOU WE ARE HERE ■■ IN ONE OF THE GREATEST CITIES IN THE WORLD.

YOU WENT TO SCHOOL HERE.

JANE CUT HER TEETH HERE.

DEBORAH YOU BECAME A LEGEND ON GOOD OLD CHANNEL 5.

IT'S THE PRETTIEST BUILDING IN THE WORLD.

IT IS THE ETTIEST.

I GUESS THEY DON'T MIND ME SAYING IT.

IT'S A MINIATURE OF RADIO CITY NEW YORK.

IT IS A LOVELY BUILDING.

I JUST AM SORRY WE AREN'T ABLE TO DO THAT.

OBVIOUSLY THE WHOLE FORMAT WE HAD PLANNED HAS BEEN CHANGED BY THE DISASTER IN SAN FRANCISCO.

ANY WAY IT'S NICE ALWAYS TO BE IN THIS TOWN.

IT'S GOT SO MUCH CHARACTER AND SO MANY CHARACTERS.

THAT'S WHAT MAKES IT GREAT.

I KIND OF LIKE THE CHARACTERS MYSELF.

IF YOU'RE FLYING LOOK OUT A COUPLE OF HUBS DOWN AROUND CHARLOTTE NORTH CAROLINA, TALK ABOUT THAT, THAT'S ONE BIG WEATHER STORY.

THE OTHER IS THE COLD.

YOU CAN IMAGINE A LITTLE BIT OF EVERYTHING IN E TENNESSEE AND OHIO VALLEY UP IN THE MOUNTAINS TONIGHT.

THERE COULD BE WET SNOW.

NO DOUBT WILL BE BY TOMORROW MORNING.

ALSO A LOT OF RAIN AND FLASH FLOODING WHICH OF COURSE PRODUCES DELAYS.

THERE ARE DELAYS IN CHARLOTTE, NEWARK AND BOSTON AND PARTS OF THE OHIO VALLEY.

THE WESTERN STATES ARE BEAUTIFUL.

SUNNY AND MILD.

THAT'S ALL FOR RIGHT NOW.

WE'LL KEEP YOU UP-TO-DATE.

MAYBE I CAN DO ONE QUICK BIRTHDAY.

I HAVE THESE HEAVY SEARS GLASSES.

EVERYTHING IS SEARS IN CHICAGO.

MARTIN TORASKY OF PHILADELPHIA PENNSYLVANIA IS 100 YEARS OLD.

JANE PAULEY IS NEXT.

>> AS SOON AS NEWS OF THE EARTHQUAKE WENT OUT THE AMERICAN RED CROSS MOBILIZED IT'S FORCES.

PETE ARAB ENAT SAN FRANCISCO IS AT OUR AFFILIATE THERE AND PAT SNYDER THE NATIONAL CHAIR WOMAN OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS AND THE DEVELOPER OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM IS STANDING BY IN OUR BURBANK BUREAU.

WE'LL START WITH YOU, MISS SNYDER.

I SEEN ON THE WIRES THERE WAS A PLEA THAT PEOPLE NOT TRY TO GET IN TOUCH WITH FRIENDS AND FAMILY IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA BECAUSE PHONE CALLS WERE IMPEDING RELIEF EFFORTS.

WHY WOULD THAT BE? >> THAT'S VERY TRUE.

PHONE TRUNKS WERE OVERLOADED WE CERTAINLY URGE PEOPLE NOT TO TRY TO CALL INTO THE BAY AREA AT THIS POINT IN TIME.

SOMETIMES OUTGOING CALLS ARE EASIER TO MAKE WE URGE PEOPLE TO WAIT UNTIL THEIR FAMILIES AND LOVED ONES TRY TO CONTACT THEM FROM THE BAY AREA.

>> BOB HAGER WAS DISCUSSING BEFORE WITH DEBORAH THE FACT THAT THERE ARE A FIXED AMOUNT OF MONEYS FOR DISASTER RELIEF.

IT OCCURRED TO ME THAT THE AMERICAN RED CROSS TOO MIGHT HAVE RESOURCES STRAINED BY THE HURRICANE HUGO.

WHAT IS THE FINANCIAL SITUATION.

ARE YOU IN TROUBLE? >> WELL, WE HAD ALREADY LAUNCHED A CAMPAIGN FOR 42 MILLION DOLLARS FOLLOWING HURRICANE HUGO.

AND THIS CERTAINLY PUTS AN ADDITIONAL STRAIN ON THE FISCAL AS WELL AS THE HUMAN RESOURCES OF THE ORGANIZATION.

BUT WE HAVE ALWAYS FOUND THE PUBLIC TO BE VERY GENEROUS IN THE PAST.

WE FEEL THEY WILL COME THROUGH AND HELP US AGAIN IN THIS TROUBLING TIME.

>> WHAT YOU NEED I TAKE IT IS FIRST AND FOREMOST A — EXCLUSIVELY MONEY? >> MONEY IS THE THING WE CAN USE MOST.

WITH THE MONEY WE CAN BUY THE GOODS AND MATERIALS TO HELP THESE PEOPLE GET BACK ON THEIR FEET.

>> WE HAVE A 80 ON NUMBER THAT I THINK YOU PROBABLY WOULD APPRECIATE IF WE SHOWED WE WILL PROVIDE, FOOD, SHELTERING, CLOOGTING THOSE KINDS OF NEEDS, PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST SOME OF THOSE ITEMS UP IN THE BAY AREA.

RED CROSS WILL BE ASSISTING THEM IN THE NEXT WEEKS AND DAYS TO HELP THEM THROUGH THIS EMERGENCY PHASE.

>■ PETE ASHEN KNOWS ABOUT THAT.

HE IS UP THERE IN THE DISASTER DIRECTOR FOR THE RED CROSS IN SAN FRANCISCO AT KRON-TV.

WE HEARD A REPORT THAT SANTA CRUZ MIGHT BE A LITTLE WORSE OFF THAN SAN FRANCISCO.

DO YOU HAVE PROBLEMS AS WELL WITH POWER — HAVING NO POWER, WITH SUSPICIOUS WATER, OR PERHAPS EVEN FOOD DISTRIBUTION IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA? >> JANE, WE'VE GOT ALL KINDS OF PROBLEMS HERE.

WE'VE GOT SOME WONDERFUL VOLUNTEERS WHO RESPONDED.

DOWN IN SANTA CRUZ THEY WERE ABLE TO OPEN 7 SHELTERS LAST NIGHT.

THROUGHOUT THE BAY AREA WE HAVE 3O SHELTERS OPEN TO RESPOND TO THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS THROUGHOUT THE BAY AREA.

PROBLEMS OF WATER, WE'VE HAD SUPPORT FROM WATER COMPANY DELIVERING BOTTLED WATER TO OUR SHELTERS, WE'VE HAD SOME REAL HEROES, WE HAD A TEAM OF 24 RED CROSS FIRST AID VOLUNTEERS WHO WERE AT THE WORLD SERIES AT CANDLESTICK PARK.

WHEN CANDLESTICK WAS EMPTIED THEY GOT IN A CITY BUS CAME IN AND WE TRANSFERRED THEM RIGHT ONTO THE SHELTER AT MUSCONE CONVENTION CENTER.

SO WE'VE HAD SOME REALLY HEROES STEPPING FORWARD AND DOING A WONDERFUL JOB.

ONE OF THE AMATEUR RADIO OPERATORS JUST CALLED IN A MESSAGE THAT WE NEEDED MORE BABY BOTTLES AND DIAPERS AT MUSCONE CONVENTION CENTER.

AS THE CAB DRIVER WALKED IN AND SAID WHAT COULD HE DO, I ASKED HIM IF HE WOULD STOP BY A GROCERY STORE AND PICK UP THE BABY BOTTLES AND BIEBERS AND THE STORE MANAGER CALLED AND CONFMED THE RED CROSS WOULD PAY $300,000 OF SUPPLIES THAT HE DELIVER TO THE SHELTER.

THE PEOPLE THAT LOSS IN THE TERRIBLE FIRE DOWN IN THE MARINA.

THE RED CROSS VOLUNTEERS HAVE BEEN RESPONDING.

AND WE HOPE THE REST OF THE COUNTRY KNOWS THEY TOO WILL BE GENEROUS AT THIS TIME TO SUPPORT NOT ONLY HURRICANE HUGO, BUT ANOTHER EARTHQUAKE IN SAN FRANCISCO.

>> WE CONGRATULATE YOU ON YOUR COMPASSIONATE WORK ON THE FRONT LINES.

PAT SNYDER THANK YOU FOR BEING WITH US AS WELL.

>> OF CONSIDERABLE NOTE A MOVIE WAS TALKING ABOUT THE NEW YORK BLACKOUT WAS ENTITLED WHERE WERE YOU WHEN THE LIGHTS WENT OUT.

THE MOVIE MIGHT YET COME WHERE WERE YOU AT:PACIFIC TIME THAT'S WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HIT IN THE BAY AREA.

JIMMY CEFALO WAS OUT IN THE BAY AREA AT THE TIME COVERING THE WORLD SERIES.

HE JOINS US FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

GOOD TO SEE YOU'RE HEALTHY.

WHERE WERE YOU AT 5:04? >> I WAS DRIVING IN ARREST KAY AT CANDLESTICK PARK RIGHT OUTSIDE IN THE PARKING LOT.

I THOUGHT I HAD A BLOW OUT ON A TIRE.

IT TURNED AUTO TO BE MUCH MORE SEVERE THAN THAT.

TO SEE THE NATURE OF THE CALM NATURE OF THE PEOPLE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

EVEN RIGHT AFTER THE QUAKE AT THE BALLPARK FANS WERE STILL GOING INTO THE STADIUM EXPECTING FULLY TO SEE A BASEBALL GAME.

WHEN IT WAS FINALLY CANCELED.

THEY WAITED AROUND.

SOME BEGAN TO CHANT.

WE WANT TO SEE SOME BASEBALL.

THEN THEY SLOWLY BEGAN TO LEAVE.

ALSO I HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO DRIVE THROUGH SOME OF THE STREETS OF SAN FRANCISCO.

THE POWER WAS COMPLETELY DO.

CITIZENS WERE STANDING AT THE CORNER TRYING TO DIRECT TRAFFIC.

OF COURSE THE STREETLIGHTS WERE OUT AS WELL.

ALL OF THE LOBBY BUSINESS, THE HOTEL LOB BUSINESS WERE OPENED TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC.

THEY ALLOWED PEOPLE INTO THE STREETS.

THEY FED THEM.

IT WAS A TRUE COMMUNITY SPIRIT IN THE AREA.

GIVEN THE NATURE OF THE DISASTER, IT'S SAFE TO SAY THE PEOPLE OF THE BAY AREA HAVE REACTED EXTREMELY WELL GIVEN THE SITUATION.

>> I HAVE NO DOUBT OF THAT.

WE GET REPORTS OF LOOTING IN THE CITY.

NO EVIDENCE OF THAT? >> THERE HAS BEEN SOME SPORADIC EVIDENCE OF LOOTING IN THE AREA.

BUT AS ONE OFFICIAL SAID TO ME HERE AT THE RELIEF CENTER, HE SAID ON ANY GIVEN NIGHT IN ANY MAJOR CITY YOU WILL HAVE A CERTAIN ELEMENT OF CRIME.

MANY OF THE REPORTS WERE JUST SPORADIC IN PARTS OF THE CITY.

IT ENDED VERY QUICKLY.

AS A WHOLE, THE CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO RESPONDED EXTREMELY WELL.

MANY, ■■ON STREET CORNERS TRYING TO HELP IN ANY WAY THEY CAN, DIRECTING TRAFFIC.

TRYING TO GET FOOD, CLOTHING AND SHELTER TO THOSE THAT THECAN.

AS YOU CAN SEE, THIS I BELIEVE IS ROUTE 880 UP IN THE OAKLAND AREA.

PEOPLE DOING AS MUCH ■■AS THEY CAN TRYING TO DIRECT TRAFFIC AND HELP IN ANY WAY POSSIBLE.

ALTHOUGH THERE WERE REPORTS OF SOME LOOTING, GENERALLY I THINK YOU'D GIVE AN A PLUS TO THE PEOPLE IN THE AREA.

>> I'M SURPRISED TO HEAR YOU SAY YOU WERE DRIVING AROUND.

I WOULD THOUGHT MOTORING YOUR WAY AROUND THE BAY AREA WOULD HAVE BEEN ONE OF THE MORE DIFFICULT TASKS.

WAS THAT TRUE? >> IT WAS DIFFICULT.

MUCH OF THE HIGHWAYS WERE CLOSED.

WE KIND OF TOOK THE MAGELLAN ROUTE.

WE TOOK THE LONG WAY AROUND THE BACK STREETS.

ALL OF THE STREETS LIGHTS WERE OUT.

REALLY THERE WERE CITIZENS STANDING ON THE CORNER TRYING TO DIRECT TRAFFIC AROUND.

WE WERE ABLE TO GET TO OUR HOTEL LOBBY.

THERE WAS SIMPLY CANDLES BEING LIT.

THEY FORMED A CHAIN UP TO THE TOP TO THE STAIRWELL TO GET PEOPLE FROM LEVEL TO LEVEL.

THERE WAS A ■GREAT SPIRIT O COOPERATION.

IT WAS EASIER TO GET AROUND THAN I WOULD HAVE IMAGINED.

IT TOOK A GREAT DEAL OF CAUTION AND BACK ROAD AVELING.

>> IT ALL COMES AT A TIME WHEN THE BAY AREA IS HAVING IT'S PROUDEST SPORTS MOMENT, A BAY AREA WORLD SERIES.

IS THAT COMPLETELY FORGOTTEN NOW? >> I ■THINK IN MANY WAYS.

I SPOKE TO THE MAYOR JUST A FEW MOMENTS AGO.

A REPORTER ASKED HIM WHAT DOOU THINK THEY'LL DO WITH THE SERIES? >> HE SAYS I REALLY DON'T CAR WHAT HAP■ENS TO THE SERIES RIGHT NOW.

I THINKúTHAT'S THE GENERAL THOUGHT OF EVERYONE HERE.

THIS CITY, THIS COMMUNITY HAD BEEN POLARIZED WITH 2 REASONS, ONE BECAUSE THEY GENERALLY LOVE BOTH THE ANTS AND THE A'S, I THINK THERE ULD BE A BIT OF SADNESS TO WHOEVER HAPPENS TO LOSE THIS SERIES ON THE PA OF EVERYONE.

THE SECOND POLARIZEING FACT WAS THIS EARTHQUAKE.

EVERYONE HAS COME TOGETHER.

SO IT'S AN INTERESTING AREA TO STAND IN.

THE IRONIC SPOT THAT WE WOULD HAVE THE 1ST WORLD SERIES IN THE SAMEEA AND A MAJOR DISASTER TO OCCUR AT THE SAME TIME.

>> DO I DARE SUGGEST IN THE SPIRIT OF COMMUNITY AND HARMONY ■■AND SAFETY, IS ANYONE EVEN ■CONSIDERING CALLING IT OFF? >> I DON'T KNOW THAT FOR SURE, BRYANT.

FAY VINCENT IS MEETING THIS MORNING WITH THE REST OF THE HIERK CAN I FOR MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL.

WE HAVE EARD SOME ■ POSSIBITIES.

THEY MAY MOVE IT TO JACK MURPHY■STADIUM IN SAN DI■GO, THEY MAY MOVE IT TO DODGER STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES.

THE ■■LOGISTICAL NIGHTRE WOULD BE G■T.

■ WHAT ABOUT THE 0TICKETS.

WOULD THEY GIVE REFUNDS TO EVERYONE THAT HAS BOUGHT TICKETS.

■ULD IT BE FAIR TO THE TEAMS AND FANS HEREN THE AREA? IT'S A LOW GISTICAL NIGHTMARE OF THE.

>> YOUR THOUGHTS ARE SHARE■ BYHE BALL PLAYERS.

■■ TH ■■QUICKLY REALIZED THIS IS JUST A BALLGAME.

WE'RE GETTING OUT HERE.

JIMMY CEFA GLAD TO SEE YOU SAFE, MY FRIEND.

BACK ■N ST A MOMENT.

■■■ ■ >> YOU CAN PROBABLY MAKE A REAL LONG LIST OF PEOPLE IN WHOSE SHOES YOU WOULD NOT HAVE WANTED TO BE YESTERDAY AT 5:04 IN SAN FRANCISCO, BUT HOW ABOUT THIS ONE.

THE FIRE DEPARTMENT DISPATCHER.

LIEUTENANT ROLAND LEE OF THE SAN FRANCISCO FIRE DEPARTMENT IN FACT HAD THAT DUTY YTERDAY.

AND LIEUTENANT LEE JOINS US FROM SANRANCISCO.

SIR, YOU HAD A WORLD OF TROUBLE LAST NIGHT.

AM I CORRECT IN UNDERSTANDING THAT AS FAR AS YOU ARE CONCERNED, THE PLANS DID NOT WORK? >> WELL, I WOULDN'T SAY IT DIDN'T WORK.

THERE WAS A LARGE AMOUNT OF CHAOS.

EXTREMELY CHAOTIC BECAUSE THE WHOLE SYSTEM WAS OVERLOADED.

WE WERE UNDERSTAFFED TO HANDLE THIS KIND OF SITUATION.

BUT WE DID HANDLE IT.

MOST OF THE OFF DUTY PERSONNEL DID IN FACT RESPOND.

THE FIRE DEPARTMENT AS WELL AS COMMUNICATION CENTER.

>> WHAT DIDN'T YOU HAVE THAT YOU NEEDED? >> WELL, WE NEEDED ENOUGH TIME TO PUT OUT THE DISPATCHES AND ENOUGH PERSONNEL TO MAN THE RADIOS.

WHAT WE HAD WAS WE HAD TO ALTER OUR EMERGENCY PROCEDURES AND BECAUSE OF THE AMOUNT OF TRAFFIC FROM PEOPLE CALLING IN, WE COULDN'T HANDLE THEM BECAUSE AS YOU KNOW WE HAVE TO ANSWER THE CALL THEN WE DISPATCH IT.

THEN BECAUSE UNITS ARE ALREADY OUT IN THE FIELD, THEY WERE TRYING TO COMMUNICATE TO US WHILE WE WERE TRYING TO PUT OUT A DISPATCH.

THERE WAS JUST A LOT OF PROBLEMS.

>> LIEUTENANT LEE, DO YOU THINK LIVES WERE LOST AS A RESULT? >> SAY THAT AGAIN.

>> DO YOU THINK LIVES WERE LOST AS A RESULT? >> THAT WAS A DIRECT RESULT OF THE EARTHQUAKE, YES.

>> I MEAN AS A RESULT OF THE LACK OF COORDINATION? >> NO, I THINK THE FIRE DEPARTMENT RESPONDED EXTREMELY WELL UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES.

THE SYSTEM BEING OVERLOADED, I'M VERY PROUD TO BE PART OF THE TEAM.

>> TELL ME ABOUT SOME OF THE CALLS YOU TOOK.

>> WELL, FIRST STARTED OUT WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HAPPENED, WE QUICKLY GOT OFF THE COMMUNICATION FLOOR AND SUED IN THE DOORWAYS WHICH IS SUPPOSED TO BE A SAFE PLACE TO STAND.

I IMMEDIATELY RAN OVER TO THE COMPUTER CONSOLES, PUSHED — REQUESTED ALL THE STATIONS TO OPEN THE APPARATUS DOORS WHICH IS ONE OF OUR EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.

AS FAR AS SOME OF THE INCIDENTS, WE HAD MAJOR FIRES HAPPENING IN THE MARINA DISTRICT.

WE HAD A HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM BREAK.

WE DIDN'T HAVE ENOUGH UNITS TO SEND UNDER NORMAL DISPATCH.

IF WE NORMALLY SEND 5-66 UNITS OUT ON THE SCENE, WE ONLY HAD MAYBE 5 UNIT.

WE HAD TO SEARCH FOR THAT UNIT TO SEND.

>> LIEUTENANT LEE, WE'RE LUCKY THIS WAS NOT AS THEY SAY THE BIG ONE.

WHAT IF IT HAD BEEN? >> IN MY OPINION, THIS WAS THE BIG ONE.

>> ABOUT AS BIG AS YOU CAN HANDLE, I TAKE IT.

LIEUTENANT LEE, WE CONGRATULATE YOU TOO.

I CAN'T BELIEVE YOU'RE STILL STANDING.

LOOKS LIKE YOU'RE STILL FUNCTIONING VERY WELL ALL THESE HOURS AFTER.

>> I WOULD LIKE TO CONGRATULATE ALL THE MEN FOR DOING SUCH A FINE JOB IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT AS WELL AS ALL THE OTHER DEPARTMENTS IN THE CITY.

>> YOU'RE ONLY HUMAN.

THANK YOU.

WE'LL BE BACK AFTER THIS.

■■■■CAPTIONS PAID FOR BYNATIONAL BROADCASTINGCOMPANY, INC.

WE ARE GOING TO BE STAYING ON FOR ANOTHER 3 HOURS YET TRYING TO KEEP YOU APPRISED OF THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE BAY AREA.

■ YOU ARE LOOKING AT A LIVE PICTURE FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

AS IT STARTS TO DAWN THERE WE HOPE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE RECOVERY FROM THE QUAKE.

■■ >>> BACK NOW, THE START OF A THIRD HOUR OF A SPECIAL EXTENDED EDITION OF "TODAY.

" A MORNING WHEN WE ARE COVERING THE EFFECTS OF A TRAGIC EARTHQUAKE THAT STRUCK THE BAY AREA AT 5:04 PACIFIC TIME TUESDAY NIGHT, THE HEIGHT OF RUSH HOUR, A LOT OF FOLKS RACING HOME TO WATCH THE THIRD GAME OF THE BAY AREA WORLD SERIES WITH THE SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS AND THE OAKLAND A'S, BOTH CITIES CAME UP LOSERS LAST NIGHT, THOUGH, DEVASTATED BY A QUAKE OF MASSIVE PROPORTIONS.

WE ARE IN CHICAGO, ■I'M BRYANT GUMBEL ALONG WITH JANE PAULEY, DEBORAH NORVILLE, WE HAVE BEEN ON THE AIR TWO HOURS IF YOU ARE FLIPPING ON YOUR SET AND SAYING WHAT ARE YOU GUYS STILL DOING THERE? WELL, WE WILL BE WITH YOU UNTIL LUNCH TIME TRYING TO GET CAUGHT UP ON EXACTLY WHAT IS GOING ON IN THE BAY AREA.

STHAI STRUGGLES TO COPE WITH A MAJOR TRAGEDY.

LET'S GO ON OUT TO SAN FRANCISCO WHERE WE ARE JOINED ONCE AGAIN BY DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE FARRELL AT THE EMERGENCY COMMAND CENTER.

CHIEF FARRELL, ARE YOU WITH ME? >> YES, I HEAR YOU.

>> DO YOU HAVE ENOUGH MANPOWER TO FACE THE DAY, SIR? >> I CAN'T HEAR YOU, BRYANT.

>> WHAT KIND OF MANPOWER DO YOU HAVE TO FACE THE DAY? >> CAN'T HEAR HIM.

>> HELLO, CHIEF FARRELL, CAN YOU HEAR ME, THIS IS BRYANT GUMBEL IN CHICAGO.

>> I CAN'T HEAR YOU.

>> I WILL KEEP TALKING LIKE THIS AND WE WILL SEE IF WE CAN STRAIGHTEN IT OUT.

CHIEF FARRELL IS ONE OF THOSE PEOPLE WHO HAD BEEN ON DUTY THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT IN CASE YOU ARE JUST JOINING US, HIS FORCES HAD TO FIGHT A MAJOR FIRE DOWN AT THE MARINA AREA, A FIRE THAT CONSUMED, WE HEARD, AS MANY AT 12 TO 16 BUILDINGS.

LET'S SEE, CHIEF FAIRLG, ARE COMMUNICATIONS ANY BETTER? ARE YOU WITH ME NOW? >> YES, BRYANT, I UNDERSTAND YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT OUR MANPOWER THIS MORNING.

>> YES, I'M CURIOUS, DO YOU HAVE ENOUGH MANPOWER TO FACE THE DAY? >> YES, WE HAVE ABOUT 300 OF OUR FIREFIGHTERS COME OFF DUTY, SO AT THE PRESENT WE ARE ABOUT TWICE WHAT OUR NORMAL STRENGTH IS, INSTEAD OF 300 PEOPLE ON DUTY, WE HAVE ABOUT 6 PEOPLE ON DOUBT AS OF RIGHT NO >> AND HOW ARE YOU GOING TO■ DEPLOY YOUR FORCES TODAY? CAN YOU GIVE US A PRETTY DETAILED IDEA OF WHAT THEIR MARCHING ORDERS ARE ON THIS DAY? >> WELL, THE MARCHING ORDERS FOR TODAY, BRYANT, WHEN THE SUN COS UP, WE WILL START DOING SEARCHING DOWN IN THE MARINA DISTRICT WHERE WE H THE MAJOR FIRE AND ALSO QUITE A NUMBER ■OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSE.

WE HAVE THREE AND FOUR STORY ■BUILDINGS THAT WERE LEVELED TO SINGLE STORY.

AND AS THE SUN COMES UP, WE HAVE DOG TEAMS COMING IN.

WE HAVE SOME HEAVY CUE PERTS ■COMING IN TO GIVE US A HAND.

WE HAVESHORING MATERIALS AND CRANES ON SITE.

AND WE WILL BE STARTING THAT SEARCH AND RESCUE EFFORT ■■AS SOON AS IT GETS LIGHT OUT HERE.

>> ARE YOU GOING TO TRY TO TEAR DOWN SOME OF THOSE BUILDINGS RATHER THAN SHORE TRAGEDY? S NO■– IT WANOT ■ THERE, I RYIGHTWH ■AS THERE EARLIER, I COULDN'T ALLY SEE, BUT TO MY UNTRAINED EYE, QUITE A FEW OF THOSE BUILDINGS WILL ■HAVE TO BE DEMOLISHED, YES.

>> WE HEARD A LITTLE IT EARLIER A REPORT GIVEN OF 271 FATALITIES.

DO WE STILL EXPECT THAT NUMBER TO RISE AS YOUR MEN GO AUT THE CITY TODAY? >> WELL, IN SAN FRANCISCO WE HAVE 9 FATALITIES, 6 IN THE SOUTH MARKET AREAWE HAD BUILDING COLLAPSE ERE ONTO SOME PEOPLE ON THE SIDEWALK.

WE VE 3 FATALITIES IN TH■■ FIRE IN THE MARINA DISTRIC■, BUT WE FULLY EXPECT AS WE SEARCH THOSE ■■COLLAPSED BUILDINGS, UNFORTUNATELY WE EXPECT TO FIND MORE PEOPLE IN THOSE BUILDINGS.

■■ >> OKAY, CHIEF FARRELL, AGAIN, THANK YOU VERY MUCH, SIR.

>> OKAY, BRYANT.

>> WE ARE GOING TO GO BACK TO SAN FRANCISCO IN JUST A MOMENT.

FIRST LET'S CATCH UP ON THE REST OF THE NEWS AND DEBORAH HAS THAT.

>> THE DEATH TOLL THIS MORNING DOES STAND AT 271 INE■TERDAY'S EARTHQUAKE IN CALIFORNIA.

IT IS, WE FEAR, A TOLL THAT IS BOUND TO GO HIGHER.

THE EARTHQUAKE MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE, IT RUPTURED GAS LINES WHICH, IN TURN, TOUCHED OFF THAT HUGE FIRE IN THE MARINA AREA AT SAN FRANCISCO, THREE PEOPLE KILLED IN THAT FIRE AS THE DEPUTY CHIEF JUST INRMED US.

IT LEVELED BUILDINGS.

THE QUAKE LEFT AS MANY AS A MILLION PEOPLE WITHOUT ELECTRICAL POWER.

INTERSTATE 880 BORE THE BRUNTS OF THE LIVES LOST.

AN ELEVATED PART OF THE HIGHWAY FELL ONTO A LOWER PORTION OF THE ROAD AT THE HEIGHT OF THE EVENING RUSH HOUR, THE QUAKE HIT AT 5:04 P.

M.

KILLED MANY PEOPLE THERE, THE EXACT NUMBER STILL UNKNOWN.

THERE HAS BEEN ONE STATE OFFICIAL IN CALIFORNIA WHO HAS ESTIMATED AT LEAST 250 PEOPLE DIED DURING THE COLLAPSE OF INTERSTATE 880.

THAT IS WHERE WE TURN NOW TO FIND CORRESPONDENT GEORGE LEWIS WHO HAS BEEN AT THE SCENE OF THE INTERSTATE COLLAPSE DURING THE EVENING.

HE JOINS US AS THE RESCUERS TRY TO DIG THROUGH THE RUBBLE AND SEE IF SOMEONE MIGHT BE FOUND ALIVE.

GEORGE? >> DEBORAH, JUST BEHIND ME, FIREMEN HAVE BEGUN CLIMBING UP ON THE FREEWAY STRUCTURE ■ WHICH COLLAPSED.

IT IS A DOUBLE-DECKER AFFAIR AND WHAT HAPPENED AT 5:04 LAST EVENING HAPPENED PERHAPS THE WORST TIME OF DAY, RUSH HOUR AS PEOPLE WERE GOING HOME TO TRY TO CATCH THE WORLD SERIES ON TV.

THE TOP LEVEL OF THE FREEWAY COLLAPSED ONTO THE INTERMEDIATE WHREFL CRUSHING A NUMBER OF CARS BENEATH.

POLICEMEN AREN'T SURE HOW MANY PEOPLE WERE TRAPPED IN THE FREEWAY COLLAPSE.

THEY SAY THEY HAVE SIX CONFIRMED FATALITIES AT THIS POINT, BUT THE FEAR IS THAT THE DEATH TOLL COULD GO MUCH HIGHER.

AT ONE POINT THEY WERE ESTIMATING AT MANY AS 100 COULD BE KILLED IN THIS ONE LOCATION ALONE.

THE IRONY OF ALL OF THIS IS THAT AFTER THE LAST BIG EARTHQUAKE IN CALIFORNIA, THE SUMAR EARTHQUAKE IN THE LOS ANGELES AREA IN 1971, FREEWAY BRIDGES WERE ORDERED REINFORCEED BY THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, SPECIAL METAL SCRAPPING WAS ADDED TO THE FREEWAYS TO PREVENT THIS SORT OF THING FROM HAPPENING AGAIN BECAUSE SOME OF THE BRIDGES IN THE L.

A.

AREA DID COLLAPSE BACK THEN, CRUSHING SOME CARS.

SO, SUPPOSEDLY THE BRIDGES WERE REINFORCEED, BUT THE QUESTION THAT IS GOING TO ARISE AND THE GOVERNOR HAS HINTED THERE WILL BE A MAJOR INVESTIGATION OF THIS FREEWAY COLLAPSE, THE QUESTION THAT'S GOING TO ARISE IS CAN ANY SORT OF PRECAUTIONS GUARD AGAINST AN EARTHQUAKE OF THIS MAGNITUDE? DEBORAH? >> INDEED, THAT'S THE QUESTION THE GOVERNOR, AS YOU NOTED, HAS ALREADY RAISED.

ANOTHER QUESTION IS, ARE THE RESOURCES THERE TO ADEQUATELY GET THROUGH THE RUBBLE AND MAKE WHAT RESCUES CAN BE RECOVERY OF BODIES IT THAT IS THE CASE? IS THERE ENOUGH OFFICIAL PEOPLE, ENOUGH PEOPLE WITH EQUIPMENT THERE TO HELP OUT? >> THERE ARE ENOUGH PEOPLE AND THERE IS ENOUGH EQUIPMENT.

WHAT'S FRUSTRATING SOME OF THE WOULD-BE VOLUNTEERS, A NUMBER OF UNION MEMBERS WE TALKED TO EARLIER IN THE MORNING, WHO ARE IRONWORKERS AND WHO ARE EXPERIENCED IN DEALING WITH BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION, THEY WANT TO GET UP THERE AND DIG AROUND TO SEE IF THERE IS ANYBODY ALIVE, STILL LEFT UP THERE.

>> LET ME ASK YOU REAL QUICK JUST ON THAT NOTE ABOUT IF ANYBODY IS ALIVE, I COVERED THE EARTHQUAKE DOWN IN MEXICO FOUR YEARS AGO.

AT THAT TIME THEY BROUGHT IN SPECIAL DOG TES FROM MIAMI'S FIRE AND RESCUE DEPARTMENT.

ANOTHER TEAM WAS BROUGHT IN FROM FRANCE.

YOU TALK ABOUT BRINGING THESE GERMAN SHEPHERDS IN TO LOCATE PEOPLE WHO MAY STILL BE ALIVE? >> THEY HAVE DOG TEAMS HERE, AND THEY HAVE BEEN CHECKING AROUND FOR SIGNS OF LIFE.

THEY SAY THEY HAVE FOUND NONE.

NOW, THEY ARE BEING VERY CAUTIOUS ABOUT THIS, DEBORAH, BECAUSE THEY ARE AGRADE THAT AN AFTERSHOCK COULD BRING THIS WHOLE STRUCTURE DOWN BEHIND ME AND THEY DON'T WANT FURTHER LOSS OF LIFE, SO THEY GOING SLOW, THAT IS FRUSTRATING PEOPLE WHO WANT TO VOLUNTEER AND GET UP THERE AND LOOK FOR VICTIMS.

>> GEORGE LEWIS, THANK YOU.

THROUGHOUT SAN FRANCISCO, RELIEF CENTERS HAVE BEEN SET UP IN THE WAKE OF THE DEVASTATION.

CORRESPONDENT DAVID BURRINGTON JOINS US FROM ONE OF THOSE CENTERS IN SAN FRANCISCO.

GOOD MORNING, DAVID.

DAVID, CAN YOU HEAR ME? DAVID BURRINGTON AT THOSE RESCUE CENTERS, SET UP AROUND THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

SOME PEOPLE HAVE BEEN STAYING AT THE RESCUE CENTERS SIMPLY BECAUSE THEIR OWN HOMES HAVE BEEN DECLARED UNSAFE OR THEY FEAR THEY COULD BE UNSAFE WITH THE RESULT OF THE UNSETTLING OF THE MANY OF THE BUILDINGS ISN'T THE WAKE OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

OTHER PEOPLE WERE UNABLE TO RETURN TO THEIR HOMES, ON ONE SIDE OF THE BAY WHEN THE QUAKE HAPPENED, THEY HAPPEN TO LIVE ON THE OTHER SIDE.

THESE RESCUE CENTERS HAVE GIVEN THEM AN OPPORTUNITY, A PLACE WHERE THEY CAN STAY OVERNIGHT, PERHAPS GET TO A TELEPHONE AND CALL THEIR LOVED ONESTO LET THEM KNOW THEY ARE OKAY.

DAVID BURRINGTON IS THERE, WE WILL CHECK IN WITH ■HIM LATER ON THIS MORNING.

THERE H■S BEEN A DECLARATION IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, SEVEN COUNTIES HAVE BEEN DECLARED STATES IN — A STATE OF DISASTER.

THAT IS THE PRELIMINARY STEP TO GETTING IT DECLARED A FEDERAL DISASTER AREA.

THAT, OF COURSE, MEANS FEDERAL MONEY AND FEDERAL ASSISTANCE COMING IN.

PRESIDENT BUSH HAS ALREADY SENT TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY SAMUEL SKINNER TO THE AREA, VICE PRESIDENT DAN QUAYLE HAS ALSO GONE TO NORTHERN CALIFORNIA TO HELP IN ASSESSING THE DAMAGE.

AND MEMBERS OF CALIFORNIA'S CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION ALSO ON THE WAY HOME.

CADGE LYNN — RIN COURIC AND AT THE AIR FORCE BASE WHERE A SPECIAL PLANE IS READY FOR THEIR DEPARTURE.

>> GOOD MORNING, DEBORAH, A DELEGATION OF MANY PEOPLE, ■ CONGRESSMEN FROM CALIFORNIA, HAVE JUST LEFT ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE, HEADED TO HEIR HOME DISTRICTS FOR A FIRST-HAND LOOK AT THE DEVASTATION.

CONGRESSMAN DON EDWARDS AND NORMAN PANETTA WERE ABLE TO GO LAST NIGHT WITH SKIBER WHO LEFT AROUND 11:30 FROM NATIONAL AIRPORT.

INCLUDED IN THIS MOST RECENT DELEGATION ARE CONGRESSMEN NANCY PELOSI AND RON DELLUMS, GEORGE MILLER, TOM LANTOS AND LEON PANETTA, ALSO IN THIS GROUP, SENATOR AN CRANSTON.

SENATOR PETE WILSON WAS IN SAN FRANCISCO WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE HIT.

HE IS SAFE.

HE IS, AS WE UNDERSTAND, AT MOFFETT NAVAL AIR STATION AT THIS HOUR.

MOMENTS AGO HERE AT ANDREWS, CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS DISCUSSED THEIR PLANS.

>> I WANT TO BE WITH MY PEOPLE, WITH MY CONSTITUENTS IN THIS MOMENT OF TREMENDOUS VEIL FOR THEM.

>> RIGHT NOW WE WANT TO MAKE SURE THE SYSTEM IS WORKING AS IT IS SUPPOSED TO.

>> OBVIOUSLY A VERY HARROWING NIGHT FOR MANY OF THESE CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS.

THE C-9 AIRFORCE PLANE USED TO TRANSPORT THEM TO THEIR HOME DISTRICT IS NOT THE ONLY WAY THE MILITARY HAS BEEN INVOLVED.

ABOUT 1,000 CALIFORNIA NATIONAL GUARDSMEN HAVE BEEN ACTIVATED.

MOFFETT AIR STATION NEAR SAN JOSE HAS BEEN OPENED UP TO CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT BECAUSE OF SAN FRANCISCO AIRPORT HAS BEEN CLOSED.

THE USSLANGE HAS BEEN MOVED OFF THE COAST OF SAN FRANCISCO TO ASSIST IN FIRE FIGHTING EFFORTS IF NECESSARY.

MEANWHILE, MILITARY PERSONNEL FROM LETTERMAN HOSPITAL, FROM OAKLAND NAVAL HOSPITAL AND FORT ORD ARE ASSISTING WITH MEDICAL HELP.

DEBORAH? >> ALL RIGHT, KATHERINE, THANK YOU FOR HAT UPDATE FROM ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE.

THAT'S THE LATEST FOR NOW.

BRYANT, JANE? >> LET'S CATCHP ON THE LATEST WEATHER.

ONE GENTLEMAN WE CAN GO TO AND REST ASSURED HE WILL NOT GO AWAY.

OUR COMMUNICATIONS ARE OKAY.

WILLARD? RIGHT? YEAH.

>> YOU KNOW, ANY SITUATION LIKE THIS OBVIOUSLY THERE IS GOING TO BE THESE PROBLEMS, THESE TECHNICAL PROBLEMS AND■■THE TRUTH IS, I KNOW YOU HAVE BEEN UP ALL NIGHT, YOU HAVE NOT HAVE ANY SLEEP AT ALL AND THE REPORTERS OUT IN SAN FRANCISCO, SAME THING.

WE DON'T EXPECT TO GET A MEDAL OR SOMETHING EXTRA IN OUR STOCKING FOR CHRISTMAS, IT IS ALWAYS AN EXTRA CHALLENGE AND HOPEFULLY WE ARE DOING A JOB THAT CAN HELP SOME PEOPLE.

>> ACTUALLY THE TECHNICAL GUYS WERE ABLE TO GET US A PICTURE AND SOUND, IT IS ONE OF THE MODERN MIRACLES OF TELEVISION.

>> I WAS THINKING, YOU KNOW, IN MAY WE HAD THE TRIP ON THE WEST COAST AND THAT BEAUTIFUL, PRETTIEST PICTURE WE HAVE EVER HAD ON TELEVISION, TREASURE ISLAND AT THE NAVY BASE AND WE HAD SAN FRANCISCO BAY IN THE BACKGROUND, SO OUR HEARTS, ■ EVERYBODY HAS OUR HEARTS, OUR HEART IS IN SAN FRANCISCO AND THE RED CROSS, SALVATION ARMY AND ALL THE PEOPLE, GREAT TO SEE THE CITIZENS OUT THERE DIRECTING TRAFFIC LAST NIGHT WITH ALL THE STREETLIGHTS OUT AND EVERYTHING ELSE.

ANYWAY, WE ARE IN CHICAGO THIS MORNING, PLANNED TO DO OUR SHOW HERE FOR THREE DAYS.

I BELIE WE ARE GOING BACK TO NEW YORK.

IS THAT■THE FINAL WORD? >> I'M NOT SURE YET.

>> ANYWAY, IS THE CAMERA ON BUILDING? THIS IS THE BUILDING THA WE CAME TO DEDICATE.

AND THIS IS THE NEW NBC BUILDING IN CHICAGO.

AND IT IS A HANDSOME BUILDING, NOT JUST SELF-SERVING STATEMENT HERE, IT IS ONE OF THE PRETTIEST BUILDINGS, LOOKS A LITTLE BIT LIKE — YES, IT DOES.

JUST A TAD 30 ROCK.

I STILL CALL IT THE RCA BUILDING.

I DON'T CARE WHAT IT SAYS ON THE TOP.

IT LOOKS LIKE THE RCA BUILDING TO ME.

VERY, VERY PRETTY BUILDING.

WE ARE PROUD OF IT HERE IN CHICAGO AND IT'S THE NBC HOME.

OKAY, LET'S CHECK A COUPLE OF WEATHER ACTS THIS MORNING — EMMA HOWE OF HAMMOND, LOUISIANA IS 104.

WE WISH HER A VERY HAPPY BIRTHDAY.

>> WHERE WOULD YOU LIKE TO BE TOMORROW? >> I WOULD LIKE TO BE WHEREVER YOU ARE GOING TO BE.

WITH YOU.

>> DIPLOMATIC ANSWER.

WE'RE BACK IN A MOMENT.

■ IT'S THE BEST THINGSINCE SLICED BREAD.

PEPPERIDGE FARMLIGHT STYLE BREADS.

MOIST AND RICH,BUT LIGHT IN CALORIES.

A TASTY WATO HELPSTAY IN SHAPE FOR YOUR– HEH, HEH– FAVOTE ACTITIES.

>>> SAN FRANCISCO'S MAYOR, ART AGNOS, PRAISED HIS CITIZENS FOR WHAT HE TERMED A NOBLE RESPONSE.

AND ACKNOWLEDGING WHAT COULD HAVE BEEN FAR, FAR WORSE, SAID HIS CITY WAS LUCKY, VERY LUCKY.

NBC'S JIMMY CEFALO WHO IS IN SAN FRANCISCO FOR THE WORLD SERIES CAUGHT UP WITH THE MAYOR LATE LAST NIGHT.

>> MAYOR, WHAT'S THE SADDEST OF THE CITY RIGHT NOW? >> THE CITY IS CONTROL.

THE CITY IS IN THE STREETS, SUPPLEMENTED BY OFF-DUTY PERSONNEL ON CALL.

THE FIRE DARTMENT, OUR HOSPITAL AND EMERGENCY SYSTEMS ARE ALL OPERATIONAL, AND WE ARE — HAVE RESPONDED SUCCESSFULLY TO THIS MAJOR EARTHQUAKE, THE LARGEST ONE SINCE THE 1906 EARTHQUAKE IN SAN FRANCISCO.

>> YOU HAVE JUST TAKEN A TOUR OF THE CITY.

WHAT IS THE HARBDEST HIT AIRY? >> THERE IS NO QUESTION THAT THE MAJOR OVERWHELMING IMPACT HAS BEEN THE MARINA PART OF THE CITY NEAR THE GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE.

THERE WE HAD A MAJOR FIVE-ALARM FIRE WHERE SOME 12 BUILDINGS WERE BURNED DOWN.

THERE WAS A LOSS OF LIFE THERE.

WE KNOW OF THREE.

WE NEED TO CHECK THE RUBBLE TO SEE IF THERE WAS RE.

WE ARE NOT SURE ABOUT HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE MISSING.

BUT MORE THAN THAT, THERE ARE BLOCKS AND BLOCKS, CITY BLOCKS THAT HAVE BEEN TERRIBLY DEVASTATED THAT WILL HAVE TO BE TORN DOWN.

AND REBUILT.

IT WILL TAKE YEARS TO DO THAT.

AND THE ADJACENT AREA OF THAT NEIGHBORHOOD OF SAN FRANCISCO.

IT IS BUILT ON LANDFILL IN THE BAY, AND THAT PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO THIS TYPE OF EARTHQUAKE.

A LOT OF DAMAGE, A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE HOMELESS THERE, 400, 500 PEOPLE IN OUR RED CROSS SELL THEY ARE THERE.

>> THE CITY HAS BEEN HEROIC.

PEOPLE REALLY BEGAN TO TAKE CARE OF ONE ANOTHER, OBVIOUSLY CARE ABOUT EACH OTHER AND IN THE MARINA WE SAW DOZENS OF NEIGHBORS HELPING THE FIRE PEOPLE BECAUSE THE WATER PRESSURE BROKE AS A RESULT OF THE EARTHQUAKE.

WE HAD TO BRING A FIRE BOAT IN TO THE OCEAN, FROM THE OCEAN, AND IT TOOK FIVE BLOCKS OF HOSES, THE NEIGHBORS HELPED CARRY THOSE HOSES FROM THE OCEAN TO THE FIRE FIVE BLOCKS AWAY.

AND CONNECT THEM BECAUSE THERE WEREN'T ENOUGH FIREFIGHTERS TO DO THAT INITIALLY.

WE HAVE SEEN NEIGHBORS HELPING PEOPLE WHO ARE HIT BY FLYING GLASS.

HELPING ELDERLY PEOPLE GET TO SHELTERS.

GOING OUT AND DIRECTING AFFIC BECAUSE THE POLICE — THERE WEREN'T ENOUGH POLICE FOR EVERY CORNER WITH ALL THE POWER OUT, AND IN GENERAL, SAN FRANCISCANS HAVE REALLY RESPONDED HEROICALLY TO A MAJOR DISASTER.

>> THERE HAS BEEN SPORADIC SITINGS OF LOOTINGS.

HAVE YOU HAD ANY MORE REPORTS ABOUT THAT? >> WE DID GET A FEW REPORTS IN VERY ISOLATED CASES BECAUSE OUR POLICE WERE ON DUTY, WE WERE ABLE TO MAKE SOME ARRESTS AND GET IT UNDER CONTROL.

TONIGHT WITH THE POWER STILL OUT AND ABOUT TWO-THIRDS OF THE CITY, WE HAVE ABOUT TWICE THE AMOUNT OF NORMAL POLICE ON DUTY.

AND THE CITY IS VERY QUIET.

>> WHEN DO YOU THINK THE CITY WILL BE BACK — WHEN WILL SAN FRANCISCO BE WHOLE AGAIN? >> OH, IT WILL TAKE YEARS FOR THAT PART OF TOWN WHERE WE HAVE SEEN THE KIND OF DEVASTATION THAT I'M SURE WILL BE RECORDED ON THE CAMERAS SOON.

BUT THE REST OF THE CITY WE SHOULD HAVE UP AND RUNNING VERY SOON.

RIGHT NOW OUR BUSES ARE RUNNING.

OUR WHOLE INFRASTRUCTURE IS UP.

EXCEPT FOR THAT PAROF THE CITY WHERE THE BIGGEST DAMAGE WAS RECORDED.

OUR WATER SYSTEM IS FLOWING.

OUR SEWAGE SYSTEM IS STILL WORKING.

OUR FIRE AND HOSPITALS ARE ALL OPERATIONAL.

WE ARE IN GOOD SHAPE EXCEPT FOR THAT PART OF THE CITY AND THERE WE HAVE A LOT OF WORK TO DO.

>> WHAT ARE YOU SUGGESTING THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE OUTLYING AIRS? STAY AWAY FROM THE CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO? >> WELL, WE ARE ASKING TOMORROW THEY DON'T COME INTO THE CITY BECAUSE WE NEED TO EXAMINE A LOT OF THE BUILDINGS, OUR CITY BUILDING INSPECTOR, ENGINEERS ARE ON THE JOB RIGHT NOW CHECKING OUT BUILDINGS TO DETERMINE THEIR SAFETY.

WE HAVE CLOSED THE SCHOOLS FOR TOMORROW.

BECAUSE WE DON'T WANT CHILDREN GOING TO THE SCHOOLS WITH UNCERTAIN CONDITIONS IN THEM.

AND UNTIL WE HAVE SOME BETTER INFORMATION AND ASSESSMENTS, WE ARE ASKING PEOPLE TO STAY AWAY, CALL THEIR EMPLOYERS TO FIND OUT EXACTLY WHAT THE CONDITIONS ARE IN THEIR PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT.

>> MAR, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

>> AND WE'LL BE BACK IN A MOMENT.

YOU'RE UP.

I'M SLEEPING.

YOU WERE WALKING.

I WAS WALKINGIN MY SLEEP.

HAVE YOUR COFFEE.

HEY, YOURS ISDARKER THAN MINE.

MINE'S DECAFFEINATEDFOLGERS CRYSTALS.

YOURS IS THE DECAFFEINATEDYOU ALWAYS DRINK.

DID YOU USETHE SAME AMOUNT? YEAH, WATCH.

HMMM.

MINE'S MOUNTAIN GROWNFOLGERS.

NICE AROMA.

A SIP? YEAH.

MMMMM.

I THOUGHTWAS THE REASON YOU'RE ALWAYSSO BRIGHT-EYEDIN THE MORNING.

YOU ARE.

DECAFFEINATED FOLGERS CRYSTALS.

SO DARK AND RICH.

>>> AS WE VE PAST NINE:20 EASTERN TIME, LET US GIVE YOU A BULLETIN THAT HAS JUST MOVED ACROSS THE WIRES, COMMUNIST PARTY CHIEF OF EAST GERMANY ERICH HONECKER HAS BEEN REMOVED, THE STORY THAT HAS COME OUT OF EAST GERMANY THIS MORNING.

WE TURN OUR ATTENTION TO THE NEWS ON THE HALF HOUR, DEBORAH WILL GIVE US MORE ON THAT AS WE ALSO CONTINUES TO UPDATE YOU ON ALL THE EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE IN SAN FRANCISCO'S EFFORT TO COME OUT FROM UNDER IT.

NONE OF US HAVE EVER BEEN THROUGH AN EARTHQUAKE OF THE MAGNITUDE THEY EXPERIEND LAST NIGHT.

>> NOT THAT SIZE, NO.

>> WE HAVE HAD A CHANCE, I SAY CLANS, WE HAVE ALL BEEN THROUGH THEM.

>> I DON'T MEAN TO IMPLY THAT JANE IS PSYCHIC.

I HAD A DREAM ABOUT ONE THE OTHER NIGHT.

AND I — I DO NOT BELIEVE I WAS PSYCHIC, PLEASE, DO NOT MISUNDERSTAND, BUT THE REASON I HAD THAT DREAM IS BECAUSE HAVING LIVED THROUGH ONE IN MY APARTMENT IN NEW YORK CITY, SEVERAL YEARS AGO, ONCE YOU HAVE THAT EXPERIENCE OF BEING ASLEEP IN YOUR BED AND BEING SHAKEN LIKE THAT, YOU DON'T F■RGET IT.

AND IT'S — WHO ■KNOWS, MAYBE IT WAS A SUBWAY GOING UNDER THE BUILDING THAT CAUSED THE DREAM.

IT IS A HORRIFYING EXPERIENCE.

>> YOUD POINT AND NOW THAT YOU DO IT, I'M NOT SURE I WILL HAVE THE NOTE HE.

BUT I THINK I RAN ACROSS IT THAT MT PEOPLE THINK THAT EARTHQUAKES ONLY — >> HAPPEN ON A CALM NIGHT.

>> WELL, ALSO ONLY HIT ON THE WE COAST, BUT GET THIS ONE.

MANY PEOPLE ASSUME EARTHQUAKES ARE PRIMARILY CONFINED TO THE WEST COAST.

IN FACT, MORE THAN 70 MILLION AMERICANS IN 44 STATES ARE AT SOME RISK.

FROM EARTHQUAKES.

>> REMEMBER SOME OF THE GREATEST RISKS IS YOU TALKED WITH THE PREPAREDNESS OFFICIAL EARLY THIS MORNING, THERE WAS A 30% CHANCE ACCORDING TO A RECENT SURVEY THEY HAD ■■ DONE, THAT THERE WOULD ■BE AN EARTHQUAKE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

THERE IS A 60% CHANCE THERE WILL BE A AN EARTHQUAKE IN OBVIOUS THE FAULT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.

THERE IS A POSSIBILITY THERE WILL BE AN EARTHQUAKE 7 ON THE RICHTER SCALE OR WORSE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.

>> THAT'S WHERE THEY EXPECTED THE BIG ONE WOULD BE.

>> WE WILL BE BACK INA MOMENT.

■■ >> BACK NOW 9:30 EASTERN TIME.

YOU ARE LOOKING AT 6:30 PACIFIC TIME.

YOU ARE LOOKING AT A LIVE SHOT FROM SAN FRANCISCO.

I DON'T KNOW IF THAT WAS A LIVE SHOT.

AS YOU CAN SEE SOME OF THE RESIDENTS SLEEPING OUTSIDE RATHER THAN GO BACK INTO THE BUILDINGS, SOME OF WHICH HAVE BEEN DEEMED UNSAFE IN THE WAKE OF THE HUGE QUAKE THAT HIT ON TUESDAY EVENING.

WE ARE BACK IN CHICAGO, I'M BRYANT GUMBEL HERE WITH JANE PAULEY, DEBORAH NORVILLE.

NO, DON'T CHECK YOUR WATCH WE ARE PAST■OUR TIME.

AND WE ARE GOING TO BE STAYING ON FOR ANOTHER TWO AND A HALF HOURS IN ORDER KEEP YOU APPRISED OF THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE BAY AREA.

WE ARE GOING TO GO OUT TO THE BAY AREA RIGHT NOW WHERE WE ARE JOINED BY A GENTLEMAN FROM SAN FRANCISCO, ONE OF THE AREAS HARDEST LIT.

MR.

STANLEY.

I UNDERSTAND HE IS A RESIDENT OF THE AREA.

IT WAS THE ONE BURNING IN PRIME TIME, MR.

LEE, GOOD MORNING.

WHERE WERE YOU WHEN THE QUAKE HIT AND WHAT HAPPENED? >> I WAS ON MY WAY BACK HOME AND I GOT DOWN DOWN AND THE BRICKS WAS FALLING OUT FROM THE BUILDINGS ON PINE STREET.

SO I TRIED TO GET OUT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE BECAUSE MY GIRLFRIEND LIVES IN THE BUILDING.

WE LOST HER DOG AND CAR AND CATS.

SO, THERE WAS THE SITUATION.

ALL NIGHT I HAVE BEE TRYING TO REACH HERE.

IT'S BEEN A BAD EXPERIENCE FOR ME.

>> YOU HAVE NO IDEA WHERE SHE IS EVEN? >> I HAVE NO IDEA.

THE LAST TIME I TALKED TO HER WAS 4:30.

NEXT THING IT WAS 5:15.

I WAS IN THE OFFICE ABOUT 4:30 AFTER THAT, I WAS ON MY WAY BACK.

SO ON MY WAY DOWN FROM THE STREET, I GOT STOPPED BY THE TRAFFIC ABOUT 5:05.

>> HOW CLOSE WERE YOU TO THE FIRE IN OUR AREA, THE BIG FATHER THAT FOR A TIME BURNED OUT OCONTROL IN THE MARINA? >> I SAW THE FIRE ABOUT TWO MILES AWAY FROM MY OFFICE.

I WAS ON MY WAY HOME, I WAS WALKING HOME.

>> ABOUT TWO MILES FROM YOUR OFFICE? >> YES.

>> SO YOU HAVEN'T EVEN BEEN HOME YET? >> NO, I HAVEN'T BEEN HOME.

ALL I KNOW IS THAT THE PLACE I LIVE IS ALL SMASHED UP.

I TRIED TO REACTHE FRONT OF THE CORNER OF MY STREET, I DIDN'T SEE THE BUILDING, ALL I SAW WAS ROCKS AND BRICKS AROUND.

>> WHEN YOU SAY ALL SMASHED UP, DID IT COLLAPSE OR CAUGHT IN THE FIRE? >> IT GOT COLLAPSED.

THE GARAGE AND THE FIRST STPHROORLL GONE.

THE SECOND AND THIRD FLOOR ARE LEFT.

>> WHAT HAPPENS TO YOU NOW MR.

LAI? HOW ARE YOU GOING TO SPEND THIS WEDNESDAY? >> I'M GOING STAY HOME, SLEEP, TRY TO FORGET.

TRY TO CALL ■■MY FRIENDS AS WELL AS MY FAMILY, AND TRY TO REACH MY GIRLFRIEND BECAUSE I'M TRYING TO WAIT FOR HER TO CALL ME.

WHICH I LOST TOUCH WITH HER SINCE 6 O'CLOCK YESTERDAY EVENING.

>> YOU'VE LOST HER AND I'VE LOST YOU.

YOU ARE GOING TO STAY HOME.

I THOUGHT HOME HAD BEEN DESTROYED IN — AND WAS REDUCED TO RUBBLE? >> I'M STAYING WITH SOME FRIENDS OF MINE.

>> AND SHE PERHAPS KNOWS WHERE TO REACH YOU? >> YEAH, SHE WILL SEE ME ON TV TONIGHT, HOPEFULLY THIS MORNING.

JUST TO LET HER KNOW I AM SAFE AND I LOVE HER, HOPE WE CAN BE TOGETHER AGAIN.

UNFORTUNATELY, WE LOST OUR CAT AND DOG AND THE CAR.

>> MAYBE WE HAVE PROVIDED A PUBLIC SERVICE.

MAYBE SHE'S WATCHING THIS MORNING AT LEAST SEES THAT YOU ARE SAFE, PERHAPS SHE'S BEEN EQUALLY WORRIED.

WE WISH YOU THE BEST.

STAN LAI, THANK YOU.

>> THANK YOU.

>> LET'S START THE HALF HOUR WITH CATCHING UP ALL THE NEWS.

HERE'S DEBORAH.

>> THERE HAS BEEN A MAJOR CHANGE OF POLITICAL POWER IN THE COMMUNIST EAST BLOC.

EARLIER TODAY ERICH HONECKER, HEAD OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY IN EAST GERMANY WAS REMOVED FROM OFFICE.

FOR 18 YEARS HE HAS LED THE COMMUNIST PARTY IN EAST GERMANY AND SUBSEQUENTLY THE COUNTRY OF AEFT GERMANY.

THE POLITBURO MET TO DISCUSS THE EXODUS OF EAST GERMANS TO THE WEST, AS MANY AS 100,000 PEOPLE LEFT FOR GREATER FREEDOM IN WEST GERMANY.

THEY MEANT TO DISCUSS HONOCHER'S ROLE IN THAT.

IT WAS DURING THE MEETING HE WAS REMOVED.

HE HAS BEEN REPLACED BY A POLITBURO MEMBER, A MAN IN CHARGE OF SECURITY ISSUES FOR EAST GERMANY, A MAJOR CHANGE OF POWER IN EAST GERMANY, HEN NECKER HAS WIDELY CRITICIZED BY THOSE WHO TAKE A MORE HARD LINE VIEW THAT NOW IS THE TIME TO PRACTICE A LITTLE BIT OF THE TYPE OF GLASNOST THAT MIKHAIL GORBACHEV HAS HAD IN THE SOVIET UNION.

A MAJOR STORY REPORT FROM EAST GERMANY.

>>> A MAJOR STORY TO REPORT IN THIS COUNTRY, THE EARTHQUAKE, THE SECOND WORST EVER IN THIS COUNTRY IN CAME.

■ THIS MORNING PRESIDENT BUSH ASSURED PEOPLE IN CALIFORNIA THAT THEY WILL GET ALL OF THE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE THEY NEED IN THE WAKE OF TUESDAY'S DEVASTATING QUAKE IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA.

THE QUAKE MEASURED 6.

9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE SCALE.

IT HAS KILLED 271 PEOPLE.

MANY PEOPLE DIED IN THE COLLAPSE OF INTERSTATE 880 IN OAKLAND, CALIRNIA.

THE QUAKE HIT AT 5:04 TIME.

OFFICIALS STILL DON'T KNOW HOW MANY.

THE FULL EXTENT OF THE QUAKE DEVASTATION WON'T BE KNOWN FOR SOME TIME.

IT WILL BE EASIER AS THE DAY GROWS AND BEGINS IN CALIFORNIA, THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA TO GET A FIRMER HANDLE ON EXACTLY THE EXTENT OF THE DAMAGE AND THE NUMBER OF DEATHS.

CORRESPONDENT DON OLIVER JOINS US FROM SAN FRANCISCO■ WITH AN UPDATE.

>> EVEN THOUGH IT'S STILL DARK HERE, THE CITY IS BEGINNING TO COME ALIVE.

ALTHOUGH THERE IS STILL NO POWER IN SAN FRANCISCO.

THERE IS POWER IN THE SUBURBANS TO ■THE SOUTH WHICH DID NOT HAVE POWER DURING MOST OF THE NIGHT.

THE BUSES ARE RUNNING HERE.

THE BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT IS SO RUNNING.

BUT THEY ARE NOT GOING TO REALLY BE ABLE TO ASSES THE DAMAGE UNTIL DAYLIGHT, UNTIL THEY CAN BEGIN USING NATIONAL GUASMEN GOING HOUSE TO HOUSE IN THE AREAS THAT HAVE BEEN DAMAGED THE MOST HEAVILY LOOK FOR VICTIMS AND LOOKING FOR THOSE PEOPLE WHO MAY HAVE SURVIVED.

6■YOU SAID, 270 PEOPLE ARE NOW KNOWN DEAD.

ABOUT 250 WERE KILLED WHEN THE UPPER DECK OF A FREEWAY IN OAKLAND COLLAPSED ON ■■T THE LOWER DECK PINNING PEOPLE INSIDE THE CARS.

IN THE MARINA SECTION OF SAN FRANCISCO, ABOUT 30 BUILDINGS WILL PROBABLY HAVE TO BE TORN DOWN BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEEN DAMAGESO HEAVILY BY THE QUAKE.

THERE HAVE BEEN ABOUT 30 AFTERSHOCKS, THE LARGEST OF WHICH WAS 4.

5 ON THE RICHTER SCALE.

NONE OF THE AFTERSHOCKS HAS CAUSED MORE DAMAGE AS FAR AS WE KNOW.

$ PEOPLE FROM SAN FRANCISCO AND THE OUTLYING AREAS HAVE BEEN TOLD NOT TO GO TO WORK TODAY UNLESS THEY HAVE AN ESSENTIAL JOB AND MUST GO TO WORK.

SCHOOLS ARE CLOSED AND EV■RYONE IS TOLD TO STAY HOME, TAKE A LOOK AT DAMAGE AND COUNT ■THEBLESSINGS.

>> SOME OF THE OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS THAT HAVE BEEN MADE FOR ■PEOPLE LIVIN OUT THERE IN ADDITION TO STAYING HOME AND NOT TAXING THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM ANYMORE THAN POSSIBLE, THEY HAVE BEEN TOLD TO FILL THEIR BATHTUBS WITH WATER.

RIGHT NOW THE WATER SYSTEM IS FINE.

BUT THE WATER SYSTEM COULD BREAK DOWN.

LOCAL FICIALS SUGGEST IN A BATHTUBS SHOULD BE FILLED WITH WATER IN THE EVENT IT SHOULD OCCUR.

>>> THE EARTHAKE HAS LEFT HURNS OF AIRLINE PASSENGERS STRANDED.

THE PEOPLE INTENDING TO GO TO SAN FRANCISCO AREA FOUND THEIR FLIGHTS ■DIVERTED TO OTHER PLACES.

SAN FRANCISCO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AND OAKLAND AIRPORT ARE CLOSED.

HUNDREDS OF FLIGHTS FROM AS FAR AWAY AS JAPAN WERE AFRKED.

SAN JOSE AIRPORT DOES REMAIN OPEN FOR LIMITED TRAFFIC IN AND OUT.

>> THAT IS A QUICK UPDATE OF THE SITUATION IN SAN FRANCISCO AND THIS BIG CHANGE IN EAST GERMANY.

>> DEBORAH, THANK YOU.

WE PRESS AHEAD.

ARE YOU HOLDING UP OKAY? HOW MANY CUPS ARCOFFEE HAVE YOU ■HAD ALREADY? >> I HAVE STARTED HALF DOZEN.

HOW MANY HAVE I HAD? A LOT LESS.

>> I'M COFFEE DRINKER.

I ■■LOVE MY FAVORITE BRAND COFFEE.

I CAN GO FOR AN HOUR ON THIS ONE.

>> THAT WAS THE KIND PITCH FROM WILL CLARK IN GAME ONE.

>> NO, THE FACT IS I LIKE MY COFFEE IN THE MORNING.

I LIKE EVERYBODY'S COFFEE.

BUT I HAVE MY PREFRNLSZ.

I HAVE MY PREFRPSZ IN WEATHER.

ORLANDO IT'S 93 DEGREES.

CHICAGO WHAT A PRETTY MORNING.

WE HAD EVERYTHING, SLEET, RAIN, SNOW, HAIL.

THE SUN IS COMING OUT FROM TIME TO TIME.

A LITTLE GM CLOUDS IN THE BACKGROUND.

>> WE NOTE THAT THE WINDOW WE ARE LOOKING OUT IS A LITTLE TINTED ALSO.

>> IS THAT RIGHT? I THOUGHT IT WAS JUST THE WAY I LOOKED.

FLORIDA HAS GOT BEAUTIFUL WEATHER TODAY AS DOES THE WEST COAST HAS WONDERFUL WEATHER.

LOOK FOR HEAVY RAIN IN THE EAST, NORTHEAST, MID-ATLANTIC AND THE SOUTHEAST.

COULD BE FLASH FLOODING AND OF COURSE TRAVEL PROBLEMS WILL OCCUR LATER ON THIS AFTERNOON IN THIS PART OF THE COUNTRY.

■ THAT'S IT FOR RIGHT NOW.

WE'LL HAVE MORE WEATHER GOODIES, MEANWHILE, HERE IS BRYANT.

>> LET'S PRESS AHEAD.

WE ARE MOVING UP ON 40 PAST THE HOUR.

BACK IN A MOMENT.

>> EVERYBODY IN THE BAY AREA THIS MORNING HAS A STORY TO TELL.

AND WE HAVE TALKED TO SOME OF THEM, EARLIER TODAY I TALKED TO A MAN NAMED DON BRAUN, HE IS THE CHIEF ENGINEER AT KRON-TV.

HE BEGAN BY EXPLAINING HOW AT ■4:04 YESTERDAY AFTERNOO HE CAME TO BE ON THE BAY BRIDGE.

>> WHAT I WAS DOING, I WAS GOING TO OAKLAND TO PREPARE FOR THE A'S PARADE.

BECAUSE I KNEW THEY WERE GOING TO WIN I ■ THEY WON TWO GAMES AND I FIGURED THEY WERE GOING TO WIN ALL FOUR.

BUT WHAT HAPPENED WAS I WAS ONWAY ON THE BRIDGE, AND EXCUSE ME, I'M GETTING A LITTLE MIXED UP HERE, BUT I WAS TRAVELING ACROSS THE BRIDGE AND I WAS DRIVING A BRONCO ■■WHICH IS A PRETTY HEAVY CAR.

THE CAR WAS ACTUALLY LIFTED UP LIKE SOMEONE MAKI UP A BED.

IT LIFTED UP THE BRONCO SEVERAL TIMES PUTTING IT INTO DIFFERENT LANES.

>> I HEARD YOU SAY THAT — >> SIMULTANEOUSLY — >> I DON'T UNDERSTAND HOW THAT CAN HAPPEN, DON.

>> IN MY REAR VIETNAM I COULD SEE CONCRETE.

AND IT WAS AMAZING TO SEE THAT KIND OF MOTHER NATURE GET THAT MAD.

>> DON, I'M SORRY, I'M NOT HEARING EVERYTHING YOU HAVE HEAD.

I UNDERSTAND THAT IT WAS YOUR SENSE THAT THE BREECH HAD BEEN HIT BY A PLANE.

WAS THAT THE EXPLANATION YOU CAME UP WITH IMMEDIATELYY? >> YES, BECAUSE I COULD NOT UNDERSTAND WHY THE BREECH WAS WHIPING ME AROUND IN THAT MANNER.

THERE WAS AWFUL NOISE LIKE A FREIGHT TRAIN WAS CONTINUALLY RAMING THE BRIDGE.

SO I ASSUMED A BOMBER FROM ALAMEDA RAN INTO THE BRIDGE.

>> WHAT WERE THE OTHER CARS DOING? DID YOU SEE ANYBODY IN MORE SERIOUS TROUBLE? >> YES, I DID.

I COULDN'T FIGURE IT OUT.

THE OTHER CARS ON THE SIDE OF ME WERE RUNNING INTO THE SIDE OF THE BRIDGE.

IT WAS VERY ODD BECAUSE EVERY TIME I MADE A CORRECTION IN THE BRONCO, IT TOOK ME THE OTHER DIRECTION.

AND THE BIGGEST THING THAT SCARED ME WAS AFTER GETTING OFF THE BAY BRIDGE, I WAS GOING TO TAKE A SHORT-CUT TO DOWNTOWN OAKLAND.

AND THEN I SAW HIGHWAY 17 SANDWICHED WHICH IS UNUSUAL TO US BECAUSE I HAVE BEEN DRIVING THAT FREEWAY FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS.

>> I WONDER IF DON WILL BE DRIVING THAT TO WORK TODAY.

DESERVES A DAY OFF.

WE'LL BE BACK AFTER THIS.

>> WHEN THE QUAKE HIT LAST NIGHT, CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIAN WAS IN FRANKFURT WEST GERMANY ON A TRADE MISSION.

HE HAS WINGED HIS WAY BACK RIGHT NOW.

IN HIS ABSENCE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR MCYARJ HAS DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY.

HE HAS WRITTEN THE PRESIDENT TO DECLARE THE BAY AREA A DISASTER AREA.

I ASKED HIM IF IT WAS IMMINENT.

>> I'M CONFIDENCE IT WILL BE.

WE HAVE HAD 271 FATALITIES OUT OF THIS EARTHQUAKE, ENORMOUS DAMAGE TO THE FREEWAY SYSTEM IN THE BAY AREA, PARTICULARLY TROUBLESOME DAMAGE TO THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY BRIDGE, LOTS OF SMALL BUSINESSES HAVE SUFFERED DAMAGE, A LOT OF HOMES HAVE BEEN DESTROYED OR SUFFER SERIOUS INSTRUCT ACTUAL DAMAGE TO IT.

THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT THERE WI BE FEDERAL EMERGENCY SUPPORT COMING.

>> WE HAVE ALL BEEN WORKING WITH ESTIMATES ON FATALITIES ON INJURIES.

WHAT KIND OF NUMBERS ARE YOU GOING PROVIDED WITH? >> 271 FATALITIES, THOSE ARE THE LATEST NUMBERS THAT WE HAVE AT OUR COMMAND POST.

MOST OF THOSE, OF COURSE, CAME OUT OF THE COLLAPSE OF THE HIGHWAY 880 STRUCTURE OVER IN THE CITY OF OAKLAND.

TWO LEVELS OF THE FREEWAY OVER THERE WERE INVOLVED IN THAT STRUCTURE.

AND THE VAST MAJORITY OF THESE FATALITIES, I AM MENTIONING, OCCURED IN THE ONE INCIDENT.

>> I KNOW THAT GEORGE — GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIAN AS WE NOTED A LITTLE EARLIER IS IN FRANKFURT ON A TRADE MISSION AND IS FLYING HOME.

WHEN HE HEARD ABOUT THE INCIDENT ON 880, HE EXPRESSED SURPRISE AND AGGRAVATION, IT SEEMS, BECAUSE HE WAS LED TO BELIEVE THAT ALL THE HIGHWAYS HAD BEEN REINFORCED RETTENMUND TRO FITTED IN 72 FOR THIS EVENTUALITY.

HAD 880 NOT BEEN REINFORCED? >> WE ARE CHECKING THAT RIGHT NOW.

THERE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN THAT SEGMENT WAS CONSTRUCTED QUITE A FEW YEARS BACK AS WE BUILD ADDITIONAL SEGMENTS IN THE FREEWAY SYSTEM OUT HERE IN COMPLIANCE WITH FEDERAL AND STATE LAW, OF COURSE, THE DESIGNS ARE BETTER AND SAFER.

AND IN ADDITION TO THAT IN CALIFORNIA, WE TRY TO GO THROUGH A SYSTEM OF ALLOCATING MONEY TO REINFORCE THE FREEWAY SYSTEM.

MOST OF THE SEGMENTS, THE OLDER SEGMENTS, HAVE BEEN REINFORCED TO BE EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT.

WE WILL HAVE ALL THE STPWAKTS WE WILL MAKE THEM PUBLIC IN THE NEXT FEW HOURS ABOUT THIS PARTICULAR SE880.

>> 1 MILLION SAN FRANCISCOANS AS WE SPEAK HAVE NO ELECTRICI, NO GAS.

WHEN REALISTICALLY CAN THEY HOPE TO HAVE THAT RESTORED? >> WE ARE IN PART OF THE AREA THAT IS DORK RIGHT NOW.

THIS IS THE DOWNTOWN BUSINESS SECTION.

ABOUT TWO-THIRDS OF SAN FRANCISCO THERE IS LIGHTING RIGHT NOW.

MOST OF THE RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS.

THE UTILITY COMPANIES INDICATE THAT LIGHTING WILL BE RESTORED EVERYWHERE WITHIN A COUPLE OF HOURS.

>> LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR MCCARTHY, IF MY RECORD SERVES ME CORRECTLY, YOU HAVE BEEN LIVING IN SAN FRANCISCO SINCE YOU WERE THREE YEARS OLD, YOU ARE A VAT RAN THERE? >> THAT'S RIGHT.

>> DOES THIS CHANGE YOUR OPINION AT ALL, DOES THIS CHANGE YOUR OPINION OF WANTING TO STAY THERE? >> NO, NO.

EVERY SEGMENT OF THE COUNTRY HAS SITUATIONS LIKE TH ELSEWHERE IT'S HURRICANES, TORNADOES, LIGHTNING STORMS.

IN CALIFORNIA UNFORTUNATELY, IT'S EARTHQUAKES.

BUT LOCAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT AGENCY PEOPLE WITH GOOD HELP FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS DONE A GOOD JOB IN RESPONDING TO THIS.

LAW ENFORCEMENT ANCIES HAVE DONE A SUPERB JOB IN MAKING SURE THERE WAS NO LOOTING AND VANDALISM.

THERE HAVE BEEN MANY HEROIC ACTS BY INDIVIDUAL CITIZENS.

Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Mitigation Saves Liveshttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/documentary/earthquake-mitigation-saves-lives-2.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:53:32 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3554 ♪♪ (wave sounds) Hoyt FieldsI was in my office, and all of a sudden, the building started to rumble the building started to rumble and I was saying something’s going on. My name is Hoyt Fields. I’m the museum director here at Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument, better known as Hearst Castle. Construction on the castle began in 1919, this is one of six homes that was owned by newspaper publisher William Randolf Hearst....

The post Earthquake Mitigation Saves Lives appeared first on Earthquake News.

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♪♪ (wave sounds) Hoyt FieldsI was in my office, and all of a sudden, the building started to rumble the building started to rumble and I was saying something’s going on.

My name is Hoyt Fields.

I’m the museum director here at Hearst San Simeon State Historical Monument, better known as Hearst Castle.

Construction on the castle began in 1919, this is one of six homes that was owned by newspaper publisher William Randolf Hearst.

Julia Morgan was the architect; Julia Morgan went through the earthquake in 1906 in San Francisco and so what we have here are reinforced concrete boxes with items affixed to the building's exterior and also on the interior.

We did lose 12 artifacts during the earthquake in 2003.

But there was no structural damage what so ever.

So we have a 1919 construction and not one bit of earthquake damage.

Julia Morgan was ahead of her time.

Since there were not problems with the building structure itself.

We needed to look closer at mitigating issues like the 12 items that…the artifacts that were damaged during the earthquake.

When I came up here to the library, this Roman vase, its first century BC, was shattered here on the floor.

Of course now it’s been affixed to a larger diameter, larger base and its not going to go anywhere.

But it’s all reversible without any damage to the pot, or even this 15th century Spanish table.

You can build to withstand the shaking that comes and the devastation sometimes that comes from earthquakes.

The castle is big generator of revenue for the State of California.

♪♪ Of course, it’s a historical monument and it's filled with artifacts from 18th dynasty Egypt all the way to the 1940s.

♪♪ It is an icon.

It is one of America's castles.

♪♪ Jim SaundersWhen an earthquake hits, you hear the building creaking, groaning, moaning and snapping because there are things that move in the building.

And you have this sense that you’re going to go with this one and your time is over.

My name is Jim Saunders.

I’m from Paso des Robles.

I was born here and this building used to be one of my little neighborhood hang outs when I was a very small child and downstairs, in the middle portion of the building was a candy store, my favorite hang out.

During the 80s, the downtown wasn’t very vibrant.

So I had an idea if that I bought this building and renovated it, perhaps I could create a desire for other businesses to come downtown.

So it really did work that way.

There was an ordinance that was created in the county years ago that gave every building property owner until 2017 to retrofit their building.

I though we better do it on the front end rather on the back end.

♪♪ The seismic retrofit, structural retrofit of the building was to bring it up to current code.

So that it is structurally sound in the event of an earthquake.

We're in the highest earthquake zone in the state.

We essentially stiffened the building, so it would ride out an earthquake.

So in an effort to do that, we put garter belts on it, if you will.

From the inside out, we put what are called ledger beams in,new trusses, new I-beams across the floors to hold walls up.

Second floor, third floor, reinforced the hundred year old trusses that were there.

Sister trussed those trusses.

Seismically tied those trussed to the outside walls, to the parapet walls.

Epoxyed new connections in to hold those trusses in place.

New roof structure held the new air-conditioning systems down.

Re-attached the facade, new windows, new elevator shaft…to name a few things.

We bought the property at a very good value, so we could afford to put a lot of money into it.

About six months after, coincidentally after we finished our seismic retrofit for earthquake preparedness, there was a 6.

5 magnitude earthquake.

And it tested the integrity of our building, more so than I'd ever dreamed it would be tested.

I knew the building was going to hold up, I felt good about it.

About twenty feet away from our building across the alley, our neighboring property owner's building came to the ground and two people lost their lives.

It was devastating, a young girl and a middle-aged woman, totally innocent, just feared for their lives, ran outside and that's when the façade of the building and the roof had fallen in and caved in over top of them.

It's very difficult to relate, too.

It was a very emotional day.

There is no question in my mind, subsequent the earthquake, that our seismic retrofit absolutely saved lives and I was very glad that I did it.

It definitely paid off.

Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Todayhttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/earthquake-compilation-earthquake-natural-disaster-earthquake-disaster-today-4.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:52:35 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3512 Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today. Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today.

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Shock Waves: 100 Years After the 1906 Earthquakehttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/documentary/shock-waves-100-years-after-the-1906-earthquake-6.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:48:11 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3551 Dana King (Host): Alexander McAdie, officialearthquake forecaster for the U. S. Weather Bureau, had a nighttime routine. Alexander McAdie: For 20 years I have recordedevery earthquake I have felt. I kept a daily log of earth movements. My custom was to sleepwith my watch open and spectacles at bedside. Notebook open to the date, and pencil ready. Thesewere laid out in regular order. Alexander McAdie: My record of 1906 Aprilcame in a frenzy. First shaking...

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Dana King (Host): Alexander McAdie, officialearthquake forecaster for the U.

S.

Weather Bureau, had a nighttime routine.

Alexander McAdie: For 20 years I have recordedevery earthquake I have felt.

I kept a daily log of earth movements.

My custom was to sleepwith my watch open and spectacles at bedside.

Notebook open to the date, and pencil ready.

Thesewere laid out in regular order.

Alexander McAdie: My record of 1906 Aprilcame in a frenzy.

First shaking was incredibly strong lasting over 40 seconds.

A strong aftershockhit 8 minutes later.

Another aftershock at 5:25.

And bedlam reigned.

More shaking at5:42.

And then the fires began.

Dana King: The temblor of April 18, 1906 cameout of the sea just offshore from San Francisco.

Moving northwest and southeast at more than7,000 miles an hour.

It had an explosive power equal to more than seven million tons of T-N-T.

Dana King: In this great violent movementof the earth tremors unleashed unimaginable devastation.

Streets buckled and humped intoundulating waves, and split open in deep gashes.

Buildings wood and concrete and glass collapsed,shattered, crushed, twisted, tangled and crumpled so that sidewalks were impassable.

Gas linesand water mains ruptured, sewer pipes smashed, electricity gone, trains and trolleys stopped.

No post or telegram.

People died pinned beneath the wrecks of buildings.

And the tremors wouldn'tstop on April 18th there were one hundred thirty five aftershocks.

The fires that followedwere even more destructive.

Without water fire could not be stopped.

For three daysSan Francisco was a blazing inferno.

Dana King: People think of April 18, 1906as the great "San Francisco" earthquake and fire.

But it was really a northern Californiaquake, ripping apart the earth over a distance of nearly 300 miles.

It was felt as far northas Coos Bay, Oregon.

As far south as Los Angeles.

As far east as central Nevada.

An area ofnearly 200,000 square miles.

It was registered on seismographs all around the world, includingLondon, Tokyo, Moscow, and Cape Town, South Africa.

First Responder: I don't know how the hellwe're going to get him out.

Dana King: Earthquakes are one of the deadliestof all natural disasters, and one of the hardest to predict.

Volcanoes typically show signsof unrest.

Earthquakes strike without warning.

How can scientists learn to predict the precisetime, place and magnitude of an impending earthquake? Dana King: In the hundred years since thegreat Northern California quake, science has made astounding progress in understandinghow to answer those questions.

In 1906 little was known or understood about earthquakes.

In fact, scientists didn't even know how they occurred.

Dana King: The earliest records of Californiaearthquakes were made by Padres running the missions.

The Catholic missions ran southto north in California.

Their adobe brick construction often crumbled due to earthquakeshaking.

Upkeep and maintenance of the isolated missions depended in part on careful recordkeeping to ensure a reliable flow of supplies and support from the Vatican in Rome.

Mary Lou Zoback: Following on that we reallydidn't have a lot of information until the time of the Gold Rush when many more peoplecame to the area.

Newspapers rose up all around and they recorded many earthquakes and keptcareful account.

And that was sort of what seismic record keeping was until the end ofthe century.

In 1887 the first seismometers were actually brought to the Bay area, veryearly models.

And they were brought here by astronomers from Lick Observatory who wereconcerned about how all these earth movements were affecting their astronomical observations.

In the 1906 earthquake the seismometers around the Bay area went off scale except for theone at the Lick Observatory and that's actually our first strong motion, that is strong shakingrecord of an earthquake.

The first real records of earthquakes were actually kept by peopleinterested in earthquakes and one of those, probably the best was Alexander McAdie, hewas with the U.

S.

Weather Bureau, he'd been interested in earthquakes, he came to thisarea and started noting when they occurred and what there effects were.

Dana King: What followed the April 1906 quakewas really the beginning of earthquake science in the United States.

Old Scientist #1: Each person is going toresponsible for reporting on their own region, and getting this data together, so we canfigure out exactly what happened here.

Bill Ellsworth: Three days after the earthquakewith the City of San Francisco in ruin and damage and destruction all across northernCalifornia, the governor ordered the formation of an Earthquake Investigation Commission.

To look into the scientific origins of the earthquake the destruction it caused and tocome up with some answers.

Old Scientist #2: We're going to systematically.

Dana King: The scientists realized they hadnever seen anything like this before and were inspired to comprehensively study the quake.

They realized they needed to gather every shred of information, every remote piece ofdata.

Bill Ellsworth: Many of the important thingsthat they collected were the things that one can see just by directly walking out and lookingat the fault or looking at structures that were damaged.

What was the nature of movementof the fault, how much did the fault move? What are the consequences of the shaking ofthe ground in places of different soil types? Dana King: More than 20 scientists contributed.

They studied every seismic report from around the world.

They interviewed eyewitnesses.

They recorded every visible crack in the earth and every destroyed building.

They even lookedat eight years of tide gauge records prior to the earthquake and one year after.

Andthey discovered and walked every inch of the San Andreas Fault from southern to northernCalifornia about 700 miles.

Bill Ellsworth: That commission was chairedby Andrew Lawson, famous geologist at U.

C.

Berkeley.

And they produced a monumental reporton the earthquake.

Dana King: The report of the California EarthquakeInvestigation Commission is referred to informally as the Lawson Report.

Bill Ellsworth: The report came out in 1908and is still in use today.

It's one of the most important scientific compendiums of anearthquake and provides a rich basis for earthquake research even today.

Dana King: Modern technology has given todaysscientists the opportunity to re-interpret the Lawson Report and find out more aboutwhat actually happened in 1906.

Information they unearth can help forecast inevitableCalifornia quakes and help save lives when they occur.

Overlapping Voices:A violent shaking.

My bed was going up and down.

Cobblestones dancing.

Buildings crumbled.

Flat.

Warpedmetal girders.

terrific trembling.

There were heaps of bricks and stone.

The wallwhile the building seemed to split.

Dana King: There was heavy damage as far awayas 60 miles from the fault.

Why was damage from shaking greater farther away from therift and what can scientists learn from that? Mary Lou Zoback: The attention to detail inthe Lawson Report of all the geological factors, features related to the earthquake was matchedby the attention to detail of the effects of the earthquake, that is the shaking intensity.

There are more reports of damage and shaking intensity in that report than we have forany other earthquake, even today.

Dana King: Shaking was one of the most obviousthings for the scientists to analyze immediately after the earthquake.

You could see it.

Youcould easily record all of the damage.

Mary Lou Zoback: The Commission members collectedall kinds of personal reports, gathered reports from newspapers and what they found was ingeneral, as you might expect, the shaking decreased as you went with distance from thefault, but what they found locally the shaking intensity most depended on what was rightunderground.

The shaking was lowest on hard rock and greatest on soft material and inparticular the highest shaking intensities we found on Bay Fill, that is made land createdby filling in the Bay.

Often very poorly consolidated.

Another good example of that is the town ofSanta Rosa that sits well off the fault.

It had actually the greatest intensity of shakingper square area of any town.

And that was in part because it sits on a large basin ofsoft material and may actually be related to things going on on the fault.

Dana King: Research in shaking over the yearshas led to shake maps.

Today seismographs record the shaking at more than a thousandsites in California.

High performance computers and advanced instrumentation have given scientiststhe capability to analyze data in a whole new way.

Shake maps depict where shaking willbe most likely when an earthquake occurs at a specific location.

They show how strongthe shaking will be which is critical information for designing buildings and structures thatwill resist shaking.

Dana King: Real-time shake-maps are availablefor all of California.

When an earthquake occurs shake maps are available online onthe World Wide Web to help save lives.

Carol Prentice: In 1906 the San Andreas Faultruptured to the ground surface and scientists were able to go out and map it along the entirelength of the rupture.

Which went from San Juan Batista almost 435 kilometers all theway up to Shelter Cove.

Up until recently aerial photographs like this were the besttechnology that we had for making maps of the fault and you can see in this area wehave a very dense redwood forest cover over the fault and its very difficult to see veryclearly where the fault is.

We now have a new technology called LIDAR that stands forLight Detection and Ranging.

And it involves an airborne mounted laser that sends energydown and allows us to create an image of the ground surface.

We actually get two imagesfrom LIDAR.

We get the image of the canopy top which is shown here, very similar reallyto the aerial photograph but what's great about the LIDAR is that you can create animage of the ground surface underneath the trees so that using the computer you can actuallystrip away this forest cover and you can see what's actually there beneath the trees andyou can see the San Andreas Fault very very clearly.

Right now we are standing right there.

Carol Prentice: We can use these images tohelp us pinpoint likely locations of good trench sites where we can do detailed studiesthat allow us to determine the timing of prehistoric earthquakes that allow us to determine howfast the fault has been moving through geologic time.

Tina Niemi: Paleo-seismology is the studyof earthquakes before instrumentation.

David Schwartz: Well one of the things wedo to study active faults is to put trenches across them.

And these trenches basicallyare, they're books for reading the past.

The top of the trench is the present day groundsurface we look down through the trench we see different layers each layer representsa period of time and we can really read the earth's history going back in time.

Tina Niemi: This is the longest record ofearthquakes on the northern San Andreas Fault that's ever been studied.

What we have isten earthquakes over the last 2500 years.

At the time of the earthquake the ground rupturesto the ground surface and if forms like a fissure that fills in with material.

The fissurethen fills up with material on top of it in a flat lying way and by looking at the fissureshere, here's a big fissure and it was capped by the sediment on top of it so we're ableto date the fissure fill and the sediment on top of it to bracket the age of the earthquake.

David Schwartz: The idea is to build up aninventory of the times of past earthquakes to see if there is a pattern to see what kindsof variability there is and to use this information in helping us to forecast when the next oneis going to happen.

Dana King: Recent earthquake forecasts havebeen based on data from trenches like these across a number of Bay area faults.

How havescience and engineering helped to improve emergency response since 1906 stay tuned forthis incredible story.

Overlapping Voices: People all seemed to bein a daze.

Everything was confusion.

Hospital floor fell through.

hopelessly little helpcame.

All the water mains were broken.

Fire house and police station.

No post no telegram.

Thestreets in the neighborhoods were fast filling with refugees.

Dana King: Another clearly visible thing scientistsstudied after the 1906 earthquake was the emergency response.

It's estimated that therewere over 3,000 direct and indirect deaths after quake.

How many more lives could havebeen saved by better emergency response.

Well science is helping with valuable new toolslike the California Integrated Seismic Network and its CISN display.

Here's how it works.

Richard Eisner: We have a very dense seismicnetwork that has been jointly funded by California and the USGS.

That provides us with data withinseconds to minutes for large earthquakes in southern to northern California.

We've partneredin developing shakemap which is this display of real ground motion so we're not just talkingabout epicenter and size any longer we're talking about what the ground is actuallydoing under buildings under our communities.

David Oppenheimer: The way I like to thinkabout it is if you were standing over a puddle and you dropped a stone in it you would watchthe water waves go out and those water waves go out.

And those water waves are analogousto an earthquake.

The earthquake generates sound waves the stone dropping into the puddlegenerates water waves it's all the same phenomenon.

And we have little sensors in the puddle orseismic stations on the earth watching that soundwave go past and we pick that up instantaneouslywith our seismometers that signal is sent here within seconds we have computers thatare analyzing that signal and if they see there is an earth quake they report it welocate the earthquake, determine the location in terms of latitude and longitude the magnitudethat sets off a whole chain of activities one of which is the shakemap.

Dana King: Shake maps and other details onspecific quakes are delivered within minutes on CISN display.

This rapid delivery is crucialfor response for saving lives and for inspecting everything from roads to bridges, buildingsand more.

Richard Eisner: One of the things that we'vedone in California is that we've provided essentially realtime views of earthquakesthrough CISN Display, through shake map down to the emergency managers at the local levelso when an earthquake occurs they know whether they're at the edge of a very large earthquakeor in the middle of a small quake.

They know how to respond.

We're all having the samepicture of the ground motions within five or ten minutes after the earthquake so weknow whether we have to ramp up a state response or whether we can focus on local mutual aidto deal with the damage.

Loren Turner: Knowing something about theground shaking levels and something about the performance of our bridges and how theyrespond to certain ground shaking levels we can make an assessment of which bridges mayhave been impacted most by the earthquake.

We have CISN Display running at most of thetraffic management centers now and they'd be the first line response when an earthquakeoccurs they'd see that the earthquake occurred and they'd get epicenter and magnitude information,they'd get the shake maps as soon as those became available and they would be the onesthat would put our emergency operations centers in motion.

Edward Matsuda: What we have in place rightnow is a process where we take shake map information and we overlay it into our analysis program.

And the analysis program would do an analysis of every component in our system.

And giveus a map of the components that are damaged and the impact on system operations.

So, withina few minutes after future earthquakes we'll have that information available and that helpsus with our emergency response and what to do with our passengers and trains in our system.

Dana King: We're prepared to use realtimeshakemaps here at our studio and with these maps news organizations can swiftly providevital information to millions of viewers immediately after a quake.

And the bottom line is thatthese maps allow the media to provide faster more accurate information to help save lives.

Richard Eisner: The Bay area is particularlyvulnerable to the commute issue where you have people leaving there homes in the eastbay commuting in to the peninsula and may not be able to get home at the end of theday if there's an earthquake.

So we want to get information out as quickly as possibleto everyone.

Dana King: To best coordinate response followinga quake the State Office of Emergency Services has backup power and communications systemsbuilt to withstand worst case earthquake shaking.

When an earthquake ruptures an earth at thesurface that's easy to see, but to predict earthquakes, scientists need to learn what'sbelow the surface.

What are the underlying processes of the earth? Bill Ellsworth: The Earthquake Commissionfound that the San Andreas Fault shifted along this length of more than 200 miles, how isthat possible? How could the earth have shifted suddenly over such a great distance.

Therehad been no earthquake that had been seen like this before and it was a question thatconfounded scientists until the development of Plate Tectonics Theory in the 1960's.

David Schwartz: Plate Tectonics is the overallmodel of how different parts of the earths crust are moving relative to each another.

And the crust of the earth is broken up into major plates they slide past each other butover geologic time it builds up into a lot of slip that has to be accommodated.

Dana King: These great strides in understandingearthquake processes track directly back to the 1908 Lawson Report.

Bill Ellsworth: Perhaps one of the most importantresults that came out of this study was the development of Harry Fielding Reid's theoryof elastic rebound.

He used the information developed from land surveys that allowed himto measure the changes in land surface that had been caused by the earthquake.

This wassomething that had been understood in rough form before the earthquake but he developedthe first scientific theory about how forces accumulate along faults only to be releasedin earthquakes.

We call this the elastic rebound theory and it's the foundation really of ourmodern understanding of the earthquake process.

Ross Stein: If you can think of the crustas a slab of rubber and you're grabbing the rubber from the two sides and moving it pasteach other.

If the fault itself were Teflon the rubber would just move by and never bedistorted.

But because the fault has friction then the rubber gets distorted and stressesare built up on that surface so that process is very very slow, an inch a year.

And suddenlyat the time of the earthquake a very small piece of that very highly fractioned surfaceis going to let go and as it does so it starts slipping.

And in the space of a few secondsthat slippage speeds up from an inch a year to 5,000 miles an hour.

And that process thentears down the fault at these high speeds until it comes to a stuck patch where it canhang there for several seconds.

If it's going to be a large earthquake its going to burstthrough speed up again to 5,000 miles an hour and go flying into the next knot in the pieceof wood if you like, hang there and then burst through again.

David Schwartz: In parts of California wejust really have the San Andreas Fault, it's the major feature.

But, in places like theBay area the fault splays its like the trunk of a tree, comes into the Bay area, big branchescome out these are the major faults like the San Gregorio, and the San Andreas and theHayward and Rodgers Creek the Calaveras the Concord-Green Valley and they accommodatemost of the movement.

And then even little faults come off of them and they're like smallertwigs.

Each different sized fault produces different sized earthquakes and here in theBay area we have many faults of different sizes spread out across the entire region.

Mary Lou Zoback: Each of those faults couldproduce a damaging earthquake in fact taken together we think a damaging earthquake isnearly twice as likely to happen as not over the next 30 years.

Dana King: Earthquake information for theBay area, California and worldwide can be found at quake dot usgs dot gov.

Menu itemslink to things like Did You Feel It? Shakemaps and the earthquake information and preparednesshandbook Putting Down Roots.

Science now gives us all a way to clearly see and understandthe earthquake risk in our own lives.

Overlapping Voices: We looked down to CityHall you could see right through it.

Its great Grecian columns had crashed to the ground.

Thedome looked like a huge skeleton.

The masonry had been shaken away from the steel frame.

Dana King: When the 1906 earthquake destroyedcity hall no one knew how to rebuild it to resist future quakes.

Even if we learn howto predict earthquakes we still can't stop them.

There will still be damage to our buildingsand structures.

So, how are structural engineers learning to reduce that damage and save lives? Reinhard Ludke: The structural engineers inthe Bay area are developing new techniques and new technology that they are applyingin new buildings.

Plus, since Northridge and Loma Prieta they've developed new technologyand new techniques and guidelines that are being used nationally for retrofitting existingstructures.

This building incorporates two new techniques for steel frame buildings adog bone joint system and an eccentrically braced framing system and both of these systemswere developed and detailed so that the building can absorb and deform without failing withoutfalling down without killing people.

Reinhard Ludke: After Loma Prieta structuralengineers determined that the bridges didn't perform properly so they came up with a techniqueto jacket the columns with steel casings, these ten foot diameter steel casings providethe confinement so that the column has the ductility, strength to deform and make itthrough a big earthquake without this freeway collapsing and people getting killed.

Herewe are in Berkeley, California, this is a parking structure.

What the structural engineerdid to retrofit this building he put the lateral system on the exterior of the building.

Andthis is a conventional solution where they used a concentrically braced steel frame toprotect this building from falling down in a big earthquake.

Dana King: In the last 20 to 30 years engineershave made buildings a lot safer.

But, once structures are build to keep everyone alivethe question is can engineering save the building? In our region there are hundreds of thousandsof buildings at risk.

Reinhard Ludke: One new technique that engineershave developed over I'd say the last ten years, it's called performance based engineeringand because we have the capability with the technology and understanding the materialswe can tune the buildings to improve the performance.

So, if you have an owner that wants to havea building that not only survives an earthquake but remains functional after an earthquakewe can engineer the building so that you can get back into the building right after theearthquake and continue operations, like hospitals, like police stations, like fire stations.

David Bonowitz: You shake the building fromthe ground and you can imagine 50 miles in any direction the whole ground shaking.

Andanything sitting ontop of it will also shake.

Now buildings are not completely rigid, theyhave some flexibility so when you shake them at the bottom they sway back and forth andthey kind of wiggle around a little bit and the more they deform likely the more damageyou have.

So, if your can prevent the shaking from coming up into the building in the firstplace that's one really good way to limit your damage.

That's what isolation does.

David Bonowitz: Imagine if you could if wecould somehow float the building up above its foundation and separate it like that.

We can't quite do that yet but what we can do is isolate the building a little bit byinserting between the structure above and the foundation some kind of a flexible systemlike rubber pads or in this case a sliding kind of Teflon like substance so that whenthe ground shakes the building still shakes but a lot less than it would if it weren'tisolated.

So, here at the Court of Appeals there are 256 different isolators separatingthe structure above from the ground and its foundation.

Dana King: The 9th Circuit Court of Appealsin San Francisco is one of the growing number of buildings in the Bay area protected bybase isolation including city halls in Hayward, San Leandro, Oakland and San Francisco.

Eric Elsesser: We were very pleased to workon this project.

I'm a native San Franciscan, I've enjoyed the building from my birth andwhat we really saw was an opportunity to work on a national treasure one of the very specialbuildings in the country.

It desperately needed seismic strengthening.

It was damaged to somedegree in the earthquake and we found out as we analyzed it it was quite substantialdamage.

Eric Elsesser: This rotunda is the major themefor this building.

So, this entire area was redone, refinished and it looks just likeit did when it was built in 1915.

I feel very safe in the building.

It has a premium seismicsystem of base isolation which couldn't be better in the world and I think it will dojust fine in any earthquake.

So, the isolators support the walls, the walls support the spaceframe the space frame supports the drum and the dome above and the whole building is anchoredthat way.

When we look at base isolated buildings we are very very pleased with the outcomebecause we don't see any buildings that have been isolated that have collapsed in an earthquake.

Dana King: Damping systems which are reallyjust large pistons are another engineering approach in retrofits and new buildings thatreduce earthquake shaking.

Cutting edge research on building design to withstand earthquakesis taking place on what are known as shake tables.

Overlapping Voices: Hopelessly little helpcame.

market street was.

25 feet deep.

The three lower floors were completely crushed.

Buildingscrumbled.

Not a soul escaped.

Automobiles carried out ambulance duty carrying the woundedand the dead.

Dana King: The largest outdoor shake tablein North America is at U.

C.

San Diego where they test everything from response to shakingto the impact of a terrorist bombing.

Frieder Seible: A shake table is an earthquakesimulator in which we can build real structures and then send earthquake ground motions throughthe table.

This particular table here is the worlds first outdoor shake table there isno other facility like this in the world.

We can build structures of virtually any sizeon the table no height restrictions, no overhead crane capacity limitations to lift big thingson the table.

And this way we can really test full scale structural systems.

The effectof the building test which we just performed here was to show that we can design concretehigh rise buildings, that they can be designed much more economically than what the currentuniform building code allows us to do.

Namely by using less steel and less concrete in theshear wall you can actually show that the seismic performance actually improves ratherthan getting worse.

Jose Restrepo: Well what we have here arethe cables that will collect all of the data from the sensors, different kinds of sensors.

You can see these are displacement sensors that are seeing how the wall breaths actuallymoves up, opens up, big cracks.

These cracks here open about ¼ or an inch.

Dana King: The experiment was a great successas the building bent but didn't break experiencing what engineers described as just cosmeticimpacts from the simulated Northridge quake.

Freider Seible: What we are doing also hereat the Englekirk Center at UCSD is blast simulation.

So, we use the same power supply that drivesthis big shake table behind me also to simulate a bomb blast on full scale structural componentslike building columns, walls, floors, bridge columns, bridge sections and so on.

We fourvelocity generators, these are servo controlled hydraulic actuators very similar to the onesthat drive the shake table, the only real difference is that here we impart the forcesin one to two milliseconds.

The blast load causes shear failure at the ends of the columnsthen the shear failure propagates towards the column center.

Now when we take theseS-built columns and wrap them with these carbon fibers like you see here and then we put thesame blast load on which we had put on the columns in the back you can see here thatthe columns they're almost perfectly straight after the test, just the very top of the columnfailed a little bit.

Dana King: The work taking place at a networkof shake tables at west coast universities is delivering crucial advances to prepareCalifornia and the Bay area for the next big quake.

Lloyd Cluff: The greater San Francisco Bayarea, the nine Bay area counties has done an enormous amount particularly since theLoma Prieta earthquake in 1989 to become better prepared in terms of emergency response butmore important than that to actually understand the hazards and then to look at all of ourfacilities and to tackle the most vulnerable facilities in terms of infrastructure PG&E'sfacilities, the bridges, the highways and the water pipe lines and the sewers and everythingand to bring those facilities up to a standard that either they can be rapidly repaired andrestored or they're hardened enough so that they won't experience serious damage.

Stuart Nishenko: We're here at a PG&E worksite at California and 14th replacing old cast iron pipe like this here with new generationpoly-pipe that is going to be threaded through the old pipe under the street.

This is partof a 20 year program that PG&E has been doing since 1985 to replace about 2200 miles ofold vulnerable pipe in the San Francisco Bay area.

Residents of the Marina may rememberus putting in rolls of pipe after the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake.

So, now we're doingit all over the Bay area and we're about 80% finished with the project.

Dana King: On a personal level individualsand families can take important steps to prepare for the disruptive aftermath of a future quake.

Jeff Lusk: Although the tremendous lossesfrom an earthquake and the enormous amount of money that is spent on retro fits thoseare staggering in terms of their dollar amounts people can spend a modest amount of moneyand take steps that will save them thousands of dollars and maybe displacement from theirhomes in the event of an earthquake.

Strapping your gas water heater and making sure thereare flexible connections so that that doesn't move around and you don't have gas leaks.

Some other things are securing the heavy furniture in your home you can take the time to boltsin through your book cases and tie them into the studs in your wall so those don't topover.

Taking care of these non-structural items.

Taking care of these things that arepriceless and can't be replaced like grandmas china and things like that.

Those things needto be secured with quake wax those are loses that we can more easily prevent in a moretypical moderate quake.

Big heavy TV's like we've got these days, flat panels and bigscreens those can do a lot of damage both to property and to people if those fall overon top of your during an actual event.

Dana King: Materials for securing items inhomes or businesses can be purchased at most hardware stores and premade disaster kitsthrough the American Red Cross.

Jeff Lusk: Please be ready to take care ofyour family and not just a kit, not a trashcan with some water and some food and some expiredprescriptions in it.

But, please think about everything you're going to need to be ableto stand on your own for 72 to 96 hours.

Amy Gaver: It's no time to try to find yoursupplies when earth shakes, the lights are out and you don't know where anything is.

You'll think you'll find them, they used to be in that cabinet but ya know the thing aboutearthquakes is things get tossed around.

So, if you wanna be able to find the things youneed you have them assembled into a kit.

Have the supplies you need where you need themat home, in the car in your workplace.

Jeff Lusk: And also not just to have a kitbut to have a plan how are you going to contact each other when these things happen? If I'mat work in San Francisco and my wife and kids are in the east bay how will I find them whenthe cell phones don't work anymore? The best thing to do is to have a phone number outsideof California that you can all call and leave a message I'm fine, here's where to find me.

These are critical things basically you need to take a look at your life and say if I hadno power, no water, o communications what would I do? And start to answer those questionsin a common sense way.

Overlapping Voices: I never expected to tocome out alive.

Everyone believed their last moment had come.

I've never seen anythinglike it.

I want to go home mama, I want to go home repeated the little one.

We haven'tany home dear.

Everyone believed there last moment had come.

Dana King: A major earthquake is likely tooccur here soon.

USGS and other scientists conclude there is a high probability of oneor more earthquakes of magnitude 6.

7 or greater striking the San Francisco Bay region by 2032.

What would really save lives is early warning.

Can we solve the ultimate mystery, how andwhere do earthquakes start? Bill Ellsworth: Will it be possible to givea warning before the next big earthquake such as the one that happened 100 years ago inCalifornia.

Scientifically we don't have an answer to that question.

We've been studyingearthquakes on the earth's surface for 100 years but we've been blocked from seeing insidethe machine that produces earthquakes.

Earthquakes occur deep in the earth under miles of rockand to understand what makes a fault what makes the machine creates earthquakes we haveto go inside it.

That's what we've recently done along the San Andreas Fault near thesmall town of Parkfield located about half way between San Francisco and Los Angeles.

Near Parkfield we've completed the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth.

It's the firstscientific drill hole into the heart of a major plate boundary fault.

Dana King: SAFOD is part of the larger NationalScience Foundation effort known as the Earthscope Initiative.

Steve Hickman: This is about understandingwhat makes the San Andreas Fault Zone tick.

Why do earthquakes start, are they predictable,what causes them to rupture to the surface and sometimes grow into really big earthquakes.

Bill Ellsworth: It's a region in which smallearthquakes occur at shallow depth so we can into them.

And these small earthquakes havea remarkable property.

The same earthquake occurs on the same part of the fault timeand time again.

We're drilling into earthquakes that are about the size of a football fieldthat's the area that ruptures in these small earthquakes about magnitude 2 and they recurabout every year or two.

So, it gives us a wonderful scientific target a place that wecan steer the drill bit along a two mile curving path to go right into the heart of the SanAndreas into these zones that produce these remarkable repeating earthquakes.

Steve Hickman: This is really about understandinghow earthquakes work and by gaining that understanding being able to better understand the hazardthey pose to society and hopefully reduce it.

Bill Ellsworth: So, it's going to be possibleover the 20 year lifetime of the observatory to watch many earthquakes, to watch the forcesas they build up and watch the process that then occurs as the fault goes from being lockedto unlocking at the speed of several thousand miles per hour as an earthquake rupture runsalong it.

Steve Hickman: What's kept us from being ableto predict earthquakes is a very poor understanding of what's happening directly within faultzones where earthquakes get started.

With SAFOD we have the first ever opportunity toget directly in a fault zone and see what's happening in the hours, days or even minutesbefore the next earthquake occurs.

By advancing our understanding of the science of what'shappening within the heart of the fault zone we can determine whether earthquake predictionis possible and how we should go about doing it.

Dana King: The SAFOD projects continuous monitoringof an active fault is a major advance in earthquake science.

It's a chance to answer that ultimatequestion how to predict when and where an earthquake will occur.

Stuart Nishenko: USGS and other groups havecome out and said there's a 2/3's chance in the next 30 years of a major earthquake herein the Bay area so that's provided a motivation for people to start improving the buildingsand the infrastructure in preparation for that.

Mary Lou Zoback: Future earthquakes will belarger and closer.

And, just as a comparison the 1906 earthquake was equivalent to theenergy release of 30 Loma Prieta Earthquakes occurring all at the same time.

Bill Ellsworth: In the longterm the way thatwe're going to be prepared for future earthquakes in California is by having structures thatwill resist there forces.

Dana King: Alexander McAdie wrote this in1906 to the state earthquake investigation committee.

The prime object should be to advisewisely to set forth the truth and to provide for research and investigation.

And in everyway work for the benefit and welfare for not only our community but all of mankind so faras the effects of earth movement are concerned.

Overlapping Voices: I was not willing to leaveSan Francisco then.

I wanted to stay to see the new city that would rise out of the ruins.

I felt that my place was there.

I had something to contribute even if only in a small measure.

Dana King: In 1906 it's estimated there wereover 3,000 deaths, 225,000 homeless in San Francisco alone, 28,000 buildings destroyed.

More than an 80 million dollar loss from the earthquake alone and another 320 million dollarloss from the fire which devastated the downtown behind me.

What will happen when the nextearthquake occurs? Bill Ellsworth: If we can succeed at understandingthe ultimate forces that earthquakes can deliver to the earths surface we'll be able to givevery clear guidance to engineers and architects so that they can build structures to resistfuture earthquakes.

To ensure that our critical facilities such as dams and bridges will notbe subject to failure in whatever earthquake may someday hit us.

Lloyd Cluff: Within the Bay area there's probablyover 100 distinguished earthquake scientists and engineers and many of those includingmyself live in the proximity of active faults.

Ross Stein: We recognize that we reap theriches of a landscape built through repeated earthquakes this is why we have the San FranciscoBay as a result of these faults.

It's why we have the wine country it's why we havethe beautiful climate.

If we're going to benefit from it then we also have to prepare for theoccasional bad things that these faults fire off at us.

And most people and most of thelaws and most of the desire on the part of the population is to build to survive earthquakesand to live safely among them.

Dana King: Quakes are going to happen in California.

An earthquake can hit at any time and it will surely be destructive.

But, with the amazingadvances in engineering and science and the commitment of the community to prepare andbe ready surely it will be less destructive and lives will be saved.

Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation 3 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Todayhttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/earthquake-compilation-3-earthquake-natural-disaster-earthquake-disaster-today-2.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:47:21 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3509 Earthquake Compilation 3 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 3 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 3 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today. Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation 2 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Todayhttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/earthquake-compilation-2-earthquake-natural-disaster-earthquake-disaster-today-2.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:42:07 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3506 Earthquake Compilation 2 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 2 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 2 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today. Source: Youtube

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1964 Quake: The Great Alaska Earthquakehttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/documentary/1964-quake-the-great-alaska-earthquake-9.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:37:29 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3545 George Plafker: "Everything was in chaos. " Art Grantz: "I'd never seen anything thatdestructive that close up. " Narrator:In 1964, Alaska was shaken by the largest U. S. earthquake ever recorded:Magnitude 9. 2. Narrator:Shaking went on for over four minutes. One hundred forty three people died. Totalproperty loss in 2013 dollars is estimated at 2. 3 billion. There were gaping fractures,massive landslides, and the destruction of water mains, gas, sewer, telephone and electricalsystems. Narrator:The epicenter...

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George Plafker: "Everything was in chaos.

" Art Grantz: "I'd never seen anything thatdestructive that close up.

" Narrator:In 1964, Alaska was shaken by the largest U.

S.

earthquake ever recorded:Magnitude 9.

2.

Narrator:Shaking went on for over four minutes.

One hundred forty three people died.

Totalproperty loss in 2013 dollars is estimated at 2.

3 billion.

There were gaping fractures,massive landslides, and the destruction of water mains, gas, sewer, telephone and electricalsystems.

Narrator:The epicenter was in Prince William Sound, 74 miles southeast of Anchorage.

Yet effectswere observed as far away as Texas and Louisiana.

What the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake taughtscientists was as profound and far-reaching.

Narrator:Initially, no one understood how or why the earthquake occurred.

Immediately, three U.

S.

Geological Survey scientists were sent to figure it out.

George Plafker: "The main airport, the AnchorageInternational, was closed down because the control tower had collapsed and killed theoperator.

" Arthur Grantz: ".

we went out separately,mostly separately, to look at different things sowe could cover three times as much ground.

" Narrator:The scientists studied the effects from the air, on land, and along shorelines.

They wereastonished to find that the surface was disrupted over an area larger than California — 185,000square miles.

Some areas dropped down as much as 8 feet,and others rose up by as much as 38 feet.

barnacles once two feet below the ocean surfacewere suddenly several feet above.

Narrator:Mapping this uplift and down-drop became crucial for understanding what happened.

But, withno faults visible at the surface to explain it.

Even with months of careful observationand field work the cause of the quake remained a mystery.

Peter Haeussler:"It was right at this time that this idea of plate tectonics, that the surface of theearth is broken up into roughly a dozen different plates and that they move around with respectto each other.

It occurred right at the time when this idea was being put forth.

" Narrator:One of the scientists, geologist George Plafker, considered the quake in terms of this newly-formingtheory of plate tectonics.

He knew the theory had new crust forming atmid-ocean ridges but there was no explanation for where this crust went.

George Plafker:"And so the most likely one, we could, came to mind was that the oceanic crust is beingpushed underneath that part of southern Alaska at a very low angle and there was slip onthis, on the interface between the oceanic crust and the overlying continental crust.

" Narrator:These two crusts are converging at the rate of an inch and a half each year.

Periodicslip between the crusts produces great quakes, which Plafker called Megathrust earthquakes.

Narrator:His realization changed our understanding of these great earthquakes.

Megathrust quakes are the largest known on planet Earth.

They occur in areas of collidingand descending crusts known today as subduction zones.

Narrator:The uplift and down drop of large areas from these quakes is a result of the crust beingcompressed over years of the plates converging.

It releases like a spring – which is the earthquake.

Seawardareas are uplifted while landward areas drop down.

George Plafker identified this patterncommon to megathrust quakes in subduction zones.

Peter Haeussler:"The 1964 earthquake was the first megathrust subduction zone earthquake properly interpretedas such.

As a result of that, essentially, every other large subduction zone earthquakearound the world sort of falls in the shadow of what we learned from the 1964 earthquake.

" Narrator:Next, the question became: "How often do these quakes happen?" George Plafker:"One of the obvious things that everybody wants to know when you have an earthquakelike this is how frequently do they occur? Could you have one tomorrow or is it thousandsof years? Narrator:Plafker and his team drilled 50 feet into the earth and collected core samples to findout.

They used carbon dating to identify when past megathrust earthquakes have occurredin south central Alaska.

George Plafker:".

it's just an example of what has happened in the past and the analog for that is whathappened in the 1964 earthquake, namely abrupt uplift of a broad area of mudflats that areintertidal and then sudden appearance of fresh water plants growing on that surface.

Narrator:In the cores, where the remains of land plants overly ocean sediments this marks a momentof sudden change.

A past megathrust quake.

Dating the plant remains provides an age forthat quake.

Narrator:The team discovered nine megathrust earthquakes have occurred in south central Alaska overthe past 5,500 years.

The average time span between these quakes is was 630 years.

Narrator:Another devastating effect of the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake was a series of deadly tsunamis.

The largest, triggered by the shifting of plates when the quake began.

traveled acrossthe Pacific, wreaking havoc in coastal Oregon, California, Hawaii and beyond.

Narrator:Locally, a number of extremely dangerous tsunamis occurred in south central Alaska fjords likeWhittier and Valdez.

Most deaths resulting from the 1964 quake came from these localtsunamis in fjords.

The scientists recognized that these were produced by underwater landslidesthat occurred as the quake began.

Peter Haeussler:In the 1964 earthquake, of the people who died, most people were killed by tsunamis.

And there's kind of two ways you can make tsunamis, but the way that the tsunamis weremade right here in Whittier was by underwater landslides.

there is material at the edgesof these fjords here and then it's shaken in the earthquake and then it slides downwardinto the deep part of the fjord, that generates tsunami waves which then hit the shoreline.

And the thing that's really notable about those kinds of tsunamis is that they hit theshoreline very soon after the beginning of shaking.

and so here in Whittier the firsttsunami wave was really well observed, out in the middle of the fjord, but within threeminutes there were three waves that covered a large part of Whittier.

And it killed about12 people.

There was a lumber mill located about where that hotel is in the backgroundthere – there were 13 deaths in Whittier and 12 of them were over there.

" Narrator:Chenega, a small native village in Prince William Sound, lost 23 people — a third ofits population.

Narrator:Today, scientists use ocean-bottom sonar mapping to identify submarine landslide deposits fromthe past.

Additional work like coring and dating these slides will help refine understandingof the tsunami hazard and how often these quakes occur.

Peter Haeussler:.

And at Valdez in particular, it looks like there may be like six to ten of these bigunderwater landslide deposits at depth.

So, we know that these kinds of things happenover and over again.

Ya know, here we are at the margin of a fjord, we've got thesebig mountains there's glaciers and streams eroding these things, they're putting sedimentat the margins of the fjord.

We have the megathrust underneath us here at about 12to 15 miles depth and these big earthquakes it shakes like crazy releases these sedimentsinto the deep parts of the fjord and then generates tsunamis.

So, if you're living atthe edge of a fjord, or recreating and an earthquake happens, a really important thingto do is to travel to high ground right away.

You don't want to wait to hear a tsunami alarmor anything like that.

If you feel strong shaking that feels like a strong earthquakeyou need to head uphill right away.

Don't wait until the earthquake is over.

" Narrator:Some of the most stunning destruction from the 1964 quake came from sub-aerial landslides.

Extreme shaking led to significant ground failure and liquefaction in Anchorage.

Massivelandslides struck the downtown area, Government Hill, and in the Turnagain-By-The Sea subdivision.

Peter Haeussler:.

what happened is through the ground shaking in the 64 earthquake there were these blocksthat sort of slid sideways as a result of that.

and then some buildings collapsedinto those areas, sometimes the edge of a building was sticking off where it had failedunderneath there.

There were a few people killed as a result of the damage to thesebuildings in the 64 earthquake.

Narrator:The widespread damage and loss of life from this earthquake led to a determination touse science to save lives in the future.

Legacies from the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquakeinclude: — The establishment of the USGS EarthquakeHazards Program.

— NOAA's round-the-clock Tsunami WarningCenters.

— New building codes and innovations in retrofittingolder, vulnerable structures.

As part of the Advanced National Seismic System,the USGS now routinely monitors all earthquakes that occur in the U.

S.

Peter Haeussler:"South central Alaska here is the infrastructure center of the state and it's also by far thelargest population center in the state.

And the work that we do involves basically thefundamental characterizing of the earthquake hazard and knowing which faults are active,which faults can produce earthquakes, understanding how often those earthquakes occur.

And thenanother part is understanding the local tsunami hazard.

And getting an idea of how often theyoccur and doing tsunami modeling to understand where people could be hit by these tsunamis.

" Narrator:All together, these programs can help predict strong ground motions from future earthquakes,and minimize risks.

For example, scientists learned that Valdez was so unstable and atsuch risk for earthquakes that the entire town was moved.

Narrator:In recent years, megathrust quakes in subduction zones.

accompanied by tsunamis have occurredin Indonesia, Japan and Chile.

Narrator:The 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake changed our understanding of earthquakes and tsunamis.

and had a profound and lasting impact on how scientific knowledge can be used tohelp reduce risks and save lives.

END.

Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation 5 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Todayhttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/earthquake-compilation-5-earthquake-natural-disaster-earthquake-disaster-today-4.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:36:51 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3503 Earthquake Compilation 5 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 5 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 5 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today. Source: Youtube

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1964 Quake: The Great Alaska Earthquake (SPANISH)http://www.earthquakenewz.com/documentary/1964-quake-the-great-alaska-earthquake-spanish-2.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:32:16 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3542 GP=George Plafker AG= Art Grantz PH= PeterHaeussler. N= Narrator GP: "Todo era caos" AG: "Nunca había visto algo tan destructivotan de cerca" N: En 1964, Alaska fue azotado por el terremoto más grande en record enlos Estados Unidos. Su magnitud 9. 2. El temblor duro más de cuatro minutos. Ciento cuarentay tres personas perecieron. Se estima que la perdida total en dólares actuales alcanzolos 2. 3 billones. Hubo grandes fracturas, deslizamientos masivos de tierra, y...

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GP=George Plafker AG= Art Grantz PH= PeterHaeussler.

N= Narrator GP: "Todo era caos" AG: "Nunca había visto algo tan destructivotan de cerca" N: En 1964, Alaska fue azotado por el terremoto más grande en record enlos Estados Unidos.

Su magnitud 9.

2.

El temblor duro más de cuatro minutos.

Ciento cuarentay tres personas perecieron.

Se estima que la perdida total en dólares actuales alcanzolos 2.

3 billones.

Hubo grandes fracturas, deslizamientos masivos de tierra, y la destrucciónde cañerías de agua, gas, alcantarillado, y de sistemas eléctricos y telefónicos.

El epicentro fue en Prince William Sound, 74 millas al sureste de Anchorage.

Aun asílos efectos se podían observar en lugares tan lejanos como Texas y Luisiana.

Lo queel Gran terremoto de Alaska de 1964 le enseño a los científicos fue profundo y de muchatrascendencia.

En un principio, nadie entendió como o por que ocurrió este terremoto.

Inmediatamente,tres científicos del US Geological Survey fueron enviados al lugar para investigar.

GP: El aeropuerto principal, el Anchorage International, fue cerrado porque la torrede control había colapsado, y el operador había muerto.

AG: Fuimos enviados de maneraseparada, casi siempre separados, para investigar diferentes áreas y así abarcar tres vecesmas de terreno.

N: Los científicos estudiaron los efectos del terremoto desde el aire, enterreno, y a lo largo de las costas.

Quedaron asombrados al descubrir que la superficiealterada fue mas extensa que California; 185,000 millas cuadradas.

Algunas áreas se hundieronhasta 8 pies, mientras que otras se elevaron hasta alcanzar los 38 pies.

Crustáceos quese encontraban a dos pies debajo de la superficie subieron repentinamente varios pies sobresu nivel.

Datos cartográficos de estas variaciones de terreno fueron cruciales para entenderlo que paso.

Sin embargo, al no haber fallas visibles en lasuperficie para explicarlo, incluso después de meses de cuidadosa observación y trabajoen terreno, la causa seguía siendo un misterio.

PH: Fue justo durante este tiempo que surgióla idea de placas tectónicas, que la superficie de la tierra esta dividida en aproximadamenteuna docena de placas, y que estas se mueven la una con respecto a la otra.

Esto ocurriójusto en esos tiempos, cuando esta idea estaba siendo propuesta.

N: Uno de los científicos,el geólogo George Plafker, considero este terremoto basado en esta nueva teoría deplacas tectónicas.

El sabia que nueva corteza se forma en serranías en medio del océano,pero no existía una explicación clara de hacia donde esta corteza se dirigía.

GP:Así que lo mas probable que se nos vino a la mente fue que la corteza oceánica estasiendo empujada debajo de esa parte del sur de Alaska a un ángulo muy inclinado y quese producía un desplazamiento en el punto de encuentro entre la corteza oceánica yla corteza continental superpuesta a ella.

N: Estas dos cortezas convergen a razón deuna pulgada y media cada año.

El desplazamiento periódico entre las cortezas produce grandesterremotos, a los cuales Plafker llamo Megaterremotos.

Su descubrimiento cambio nuestra manera deentender estos grandes terremotos.

Los Megaterremotos son los más grandes que se conocen en elplaneta Tierra.

Estos ocurren en áreas donde las cortezas chocan y descienden, las cualeshoy en día llamamos zonas de subducción.

La elevación y descenso de vastas áreascausadas por estos terremotos son el resultado de años de compresión de estas placas convergentes.

Selibera como resorte, causando el terremoto.

Las áreas costeras se elevan, mientras quelas áreas en tierra se hunden.

George PLafker identifico este patrón común en los megaterremotosen zonas de subducción.

PH: El terremoto de 1964 fue el primer megaterremoto en zonade subducción que haya sido interpretado apropiadamente como tal.

Como resultado, esencialmente,todo gran terremoto de zona de subducción en el mundo de una u otra manera cae bajola sombra de lo que aprendimos del terremoto de 1964.

N: Luego se formulo la siguientepregunta: ¿Cada cuanto tiempo ocurren estos terremotos? GP: Algo que obviamente todo elmundo quiere saber cada vez que un terremoto como este ocurre es ¿con cuanta frecuenciaocurren? ¿Podría haber uno mañana o en mil años más? N: Plafker y su equipo perforaronla tierra a 50 pies de profundidad y tomaron muestras para determinarlo.

Usaron el métodode datación por radiocarbono para identificar megaterremotos ocurridos en el pasado en laparte centro-sur de Alaska.

GP: Esto es solo un ejemplo de lo que ha ocurrido en el pasadoy lo análogo de eso es lo que pasó en el terremoto de 1964, es decir una alza abruptade una extensa área de marismas y luego la aparición repentina de plantas de agua dulceque crecen en esa superficie.

N: En los análisis de suelo, donde restos de plantas terrestresestaban sobre sedimentos marinos, se identifico el momento de cambio repentino, un megaterremotopasado.

La datación de restos de plantas provee una edad para ese terremoto.

El equipocientífico descubrió nueve megaterremotos ocurridos en la parte centro-sur de Alaskaen los últimos 5,500 años.

El promedio de tiempo entre la ocurrencia de estos terremotoses de 630 años.

Otro efecto devastador del Gran terremoto de Alaska de 1964 fue un aserie de destructivos tsunamis.

El más grande, causado por el desplazamiento de placas cuandoel terremoto comenzó, se propago por el océano Pacifico, causando estragos en la costa deOregon, California, Hawaii, y aún más allá.

En las localidades del epicentro ocurrieronvarios tsunamis extremadamente peligrosos en los fiordos de la parte centro-sur de Alaska,tales como Whittier y Valdez.

La mayoría de las muertes causadas por el terremoto de1964 se debieron a estos tsunamis locales en fiordos.

Los científicos admitieron quese produjeron a causa de deslizamientos de tierra submarinos ocurridos al inicio delterremoto.

PH: En el terremoto de 1964, la mayoría de las muertes fueron causadas portsunamis.

Y existen dos maneras de como producir tsunamis, pero la manera en que se produjeronestos tsunamis en Whittier fue por deslizamientos de tierra submarinos.

El material que existeal borde de estos fiordos es sacudido por el terremoto y entonces se desliza hacia alas partes mas profundas del fiordo.

Esto produce ondas de tsunami, las cuales azotanla costa.

Y lo más notable acerca de este tipo de tsunamis es que las olas llegan ala costa muy rápido, apenas el terremoto comienza.

Así que aquí en Whittier la primeraola de tsunami fue muy bien observada, allá en medio del fiordo, pero en un lapso de tresminutos llegaron tres olas mas que cubrieron una gran parte de Whittier.

Y cerca de docepersonas perecieron.

Había un aserradero localizado cerca del hotel que se ve al fondo,Hubo 13 víctimas en Whittier y 12 de ellas se encontraban allí.

N: Chenega, una pequeñavilla nativa en Prince William Sound, perdió a 23 personas, un tercio de su población.

Hoy en día, los científicos usan un sistema de escaneo por sonar para identificar depósitosde deslizamientos submarinos ocurridos en el pasado.

Investigación adicional como laobtención y datación de muestras subterráneas ayudaran a entender mejor el peligro de tsunamisy cuan frecuentemente ocurren.

PH: Y particularmente en Valdez, al parecer pueden existir entreseis a diez de esos grandes depósitos de deslizamientos submarinos.

Así que sabemosque estos fenómenos ocurren frecuentemente.

Aquí estamos al borde de un fiordo, tenemosestas grandes montañas, y estos están siendo constantemente erosionados por glaciares yarroyos, los cuales llevan sedimentos a los bordes del fiordo.

Estos megaterremotos ocurrenaquí debajo de nosotros entre 12 a 15 millas de profundidad y estos grandes terremotos,tiembla muy fuerte, y desprenden estos sedimentos hacia las partes mas profundas del fiordo,generando tsunamis.

Así que, si usted vive a orillas del fiordo o si se encuentra allí,y viene un terremoto, lo más importante es trasladarse a lugares altos de inmediato.

No espere escuchar la alarma de tsunami o algo por el estilo.

Si usted siente un fuerteremezón que parece terremoto, trasládese a lugares altos de inmediato.

No espere hastaque el terremoto termine.

N: Parte de la destrucción mas impresionante causada por el terremotode 1964 ocurrió a causa de los deslizamientos de tierra en la superficie.

El excesivo sacudimientocausó fallas considerables en el suelo y la licuefacción en Anchorage.

Los deslizamientosmasivos de tierra afectaron el área central, Government Hill, y la subdivisión Turn againby the sea.

PH: Lo que pasó, fue que a causa del sacudimiento del suelo en el terremotodel 64, hubo bloques que se desplazaron de un lado a otro, y como resultado algunos edificioscolapsaron en esas áreas.

En algunos casos los bordes de los edificios quedaban suspendidosal colapsar el suelo debajo de ellos.

Algunas personas murieron a causa del daño a esosedificios en el terremoto del 64.

N: Los extensos daños y víctimas fatales causados por esteterremoto conllevaron a tomar la determinación de utilizar el conocimiento científico parasalvar vidas en el futuro.

El legado que nos dejo el Gran terremoto de Alaska de 1964 incluye:- El establecimiento del programa de peligros de terremotos del USGS.

– NOAA's round-the-clockCentros de notificación de tsunamis.

– Nuevos códigos de construcción e innovaciones enactualización de estructuras antiguas vulnerables.

Como parte d el sistema sísmico nacionalavanzado, el USGS ahora monitorea de manera rutinaria todos los temblores que ocurrenen los Estados Unidos.

PH: La parte centro-sur de Alaska es el centro de infraestructuradel estado y es sin duda el centro de población mas grande del estado.

Y el trabajo que hacemoses básicamente caracterizar los riesgos sísmicos y determinar que fallas están activas, quefallas pueden producir terremotos, entender cada cuanto tiempo estos terremotos ocurreny también otra parte es entender el peligro local de tsunamis, y tener una idea de sufrecuencia y crear modelos para entender donde las personas podrían ser afectadas por estostsunamis.

N: Todos estos programas pueden ayudar a predecir movimientos telúricos enel futuro, y minimizar los riesgos.

Por ejemplo, los científicos descubrieron que Valdez eramuy inestable y que había un alto riesgo de terremotos, por lo que el pueblo completofue trasladado.

En años recientes, megaterremotos en zonas de subducción acompañados de tsunamishan ocurrido en Indonesia, Japón, y Chile.

El gran Terremoto de Alaska de 1964 cambionuestra forma de entender los terremotos y tsunamis, y tuvo un impacto profundo y duraderoen como el conocimiento científico puede ser usado para ayudar a reducir los riesgosy salvar vidas.

Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Todayhttp://www.earthquakenewz.com/news/earthquake-compilation-4-earthquake-natural-disaster-earthquake-disaster-today-2.html Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:31:26 +0000 http://www.earthquakenewz.com/?p=3500 Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today. Source: Youtube

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Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today Earthquake Compilation 4 – Earthquake Natural Disaster – Earthquake Disaster Today.

Source: Youtube

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